RSS
 

Arquivo para a ‘User interaction’ Categoria

Fear of machines is justified

14 Oct

In 1909, the British writer published the novel The Machine Stops ((England, Archibald Constable), spoke of a dark future in which we would be controlled and serviced by machines, so the fear is not of today.

Little or nothing is said about the educational gap around the world, the ignorance that classroom backgrounds have pushed ahead of social media and come to power in many countries, it is not unique to Brazil or the United States, nor is it even focused on the powers that be.

If there is social support, if there is social support, it means that there is a basis for this, and we analyze and explain this dystopian future.

Thus, it is not the exclusive problem of machines entering the industry, the so-called Revolution 4.0, but of an educational gap that can even be reversed using social media, artificial intelligence and the organization of information using technology, Web 3.0.

On the other side in 2018, Brand Smith and Harry Shum, respectively Microsoft President and Vice President (available in PDF The Future Computed: Artificial Intelligence and Its Role in Society) who said while sleeping, the virtual assistant, be it Cortana, Siri or Alexa Connected to other virtual devices in a “smart home” ensures that when you wake up there will be a breakfast to your liking, is still imaginary, as in general the devices and environments change.

I mention the case of a mouse designed for engineering and architecture that took the place of the promised light pen, which seemed to be the most suitable device for personal computers, also not promised in many futuristic essays.

Another case is the Semantic Web, which with users’ adherence to Web 2.0 (blogs, twitters, websites), has led to a scenario of growing misinformation, but that Web 3.0 could reverse the course.

We can and will be ready for a Web 4.0 with artificial intelligence helping to filter and organize information in the very near future, what relationship may with intelligent machines the holographic future with avatars and social multi-presence is uncertain but will come.

It is more worthwhile to think about preventing the dangers and looking forward with hope, to imagine that it is possible to block or end an initiated stage of technological development.

There are dangers, yes, there have always been, but the danger of a new world war is more related to great world interests than machines, of course they can and are already used by them.

In 2011 a documentary about Machine Stops was made and it talked about war, not about machines controlling men, but about human warfare.

 

 

 

 

Another digital read

01 Apr

McLuhan in the 1960s (Understand Media) wrote about the transformation that the electronic era brought, however, the first integrated circuits (ICs, the chips that were in the bottom tiny transistors) just beginning to emerge, the first computer on the chip, the microprocessors only appeared in the 1970s.
The chips succeeded the Internet in the mid-1970s and the explosion of personal computers in the 1980s, only in 90 the Web was born, Lev Manovich was born in 1960.
His most influential book The language of new media was published in 2001 by MIT Press, as its name indicates is Russian, and his reflection goes beyond McLuhan because it speaks of the digital age, but as the name says it is with emphasis on language and analysis structures.
The author initially presents himself with his book, gives a presentation of Dziga Vertov’s Man with a Movie Camera (1929) to talk about the peculiarity of the new media, he is intelligent and daring his proposal since it goes from the word to the without losing sight of the language, his original question is What is new media?
What brought me closer to the book was the second chapter on interfaces, made in comparison to the cinema, in order to highlight the schemas of information organization (in a new sense, of course) and its role in today’s society, this is what called the book
What is technically called IHC (Human Computer Interaction), between the cinema and the printed word have a grammar (we say a syntax in computing) itself and without understanding it we run the risk of ignoring the interfaces with proper ownership, and that largely determine how the user (some thinkers also) relate to it, I make a metaphor, it would be like wanting to read a book thinking of it as having a mouse.
In 1993, he studied the origin of computational media and its relation with avant-garde art in the 1920s, we have already posited about Gustav Klimpt and others, finally worth reading.
Manovich, Lev. The language of new media. MIT Press, 2001.
The work of Gonçalo Marto made in the course of Communication Design of the Faculdade de Belas Artes em Lisboa (Faculty of Fine Arts of Lisbon) is good start:

 

To navigate is need, we must live too.

25 Mar

The phrase is not from Fernando Pessoa nor from a Brazilian composer, it was General Pompeu’s phrase to encourage his fearful sailors saying: “Navigare necesse, vivere non est necesse” and later it was also the Italian poet Petrarca in the fourteenth century.
The verses of Fernando Pessoa had the sense of confining his sense of way to creation, and in this sense of life is that we can make a parallel with the current Web browsers.
Besides the Web we have the GPS and numerous navigation instruments for ships, airplanes and spacecraft, which will soon also be tourist trips thanks to Tesla company (post).
Reflections for today must involve fears (there is a book by Martha Nussbaum), the options with many possible paths, the question of security and the transitions to a possible Web that fights the fake news, remembering that these are all problems previous to the Internet (1975) and the Web (1990), since it comes from the industrial revolution.
The issue of life that involves is the Society of Tiredness, put our mind and body under a barrage of stimuli that may seem beneficial but also lead to stress.
The modern man, the pause, the respite, or what Byung-Chull Han calls the “aroma of time”, I thank Portugal who gave me back this possibility for the rhythm of life, social security and especially the Portuguese lyrical soul.
All of this brings life back to life, but to put it in an agitated life without “aroma” is an effort that demands virtues, in the sense of virtue and in the sense of virtuous circles.
But navigating is necessary, almost for everything in life today and living, pausing and breathing as well.

This vídeo is commentary about tips for navigating a Websites:

 

Virtual reality, vision and clearing

28 Feb

Mankind has always used shadows to make paintings and to open glades other than for its contemporaries, at least for future generations and for their fellows, the cave paintings, now with the Cavern of Chauvet dates back to 32 thousand BC, can demonstrate this. There are a few ways of writing, and some new ones have been thought by Vilém Flusser, who wrote while speaking of the masks: “The software artist’s mask has not been available for a long time. There may be different levels of creativity. Maybe being a writer will be different from being a software expert, and then perhaps inventing the writer. In this respect, we have prejudices with which to break.” (Flusser, 2014, p.191).

Since Plato’s Myth, the idea of ​​a clearing was theorized by mankind, it is different from cave man because it involves a level of intentionality and creativity as Flusser wants, and more recently the Enlightenment is nothing more than this quest. Heidegger drew attention to the world view, the Weltanchauuun, a set of cultural values ​​that build our vision. The central problem of the clearing is that it can be linked to the senses, so it was for the empiricists, but the fourth dimension (already proven) and other superior ones (that may be) give a new dimension of what this vision is now, with virtual realities, increased and mixed this may be even higher.

There will be no lack of fatalistic and apocalyptic, lacking Flusser’s humility, but immersion is already under way with mixed reality, for which various environments are available to the conventional public, since the word lay can be misinterpreted, 3D viewers and software for creation are available in environments made available by tablet and smartphone manufacturers.

It’s true that just as the new media: internet, web, chats, Pinterest and videos have changed our vision of how to see things, does not mean that changed the world view, but seeing beyond what the senses see we are at least expanding our “sensations,” as Marshall McLuhan wished, in explaining the passage of circular houses, explains by giving an aid to anthropologists: “In the same way, the visualist may not see much difference between the TV film, between a Corvair and a Volkswagen, because the difference lies not between two visual spaces, but between a tactile space and a visual.” (McLuhan, 1964, p. 145).

Flusser, V. (2014) Comunicologia: reflexões sobre o futuro. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.

McLuhan, M. (1964) Understanding media: the extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill. 

The same thing happens now with virtual reality, the augmented and the mixed, nor the moment with the greatest potential to become popular, because what changes is not the field of vision, but the empathic relationship that these media possess, adults may not understand, but to young people this is immediate. An entrepreneur and virtual reality expert explains this empathy, Thong Nguyen’s TEDx is very interesting:

 

 

 

Disruption, do you know the most used words?

04 Dec

The year 2018 will be marked by several disruptions, among them the artificial intelligence that has come to stay, you may think that it is long, but where there is more code is neither on the phone in facebook, but in the car, so it is a disruption.

The second is the use of words in Instagram that have become common and not everyone knows, the hashtag #instagood should be used only for the best photos, but users ended up using it so much that it is the second most used word in Instagram (with number of use of 574.190.28, below just #love that went from 1 billion.

The third one in Instagram is also little known and long: #photooftheday, but if you read it correctly you will see that it is simple: the photo of the day, more than 407 million if it is joined to another word used in the same way # picoftheday would probably be the second .

It will be a bit difficult to know what the word “fashionable” was in 2018, but in Portugal because of a humorous program “Gato Fedorento”, the word “esmiuçar” known to Brazilians, here it came into fashion in 2009, because of excellent mood Ricardo de Araújo Pereira, I promised to read it last year (see my post) and I did not regret it.

There is still no elected word, the initiative in Portugal is from Porto Editora, there are polls on the site www.palavradoano.pt until December 31, so only in the new year will we know.

In English I read on websites that fit the perfect “perf” and “lineswoman”, our English line judge would be the referee of American football, I think it can mean women decided or make a decision.

In Brazil, fake news was widely used, besides the electoral uses of # elenão and #mito, nothing more depoliticized, gave in what gave, not even the future government has a clear future ahead.

The evolution of situations of religious fundamentalism throughout the world, and perhaps now also in Brazil, may create a new word, but there is undoubtedly a return to nationalism and religious foundations unprecedented in history, until peaceful Buddhism is affected.

What word was used for this other than fundamentalism? Not yet. What word was used for the return to nationalism, even in Europe? None, so my conclusion in my posts, there is a diagnostic problem, the word would be thought night, then use a Greek word: APORIA.

 

Paul Allen died

16 Oct

Co-founder with Microsoft’s Bill Gates (photo), was fortunate enough and was in fact the great developer of Microsoft, Bill Gates had worked before Microsoft only in a version of Basic language, it was he who suggested the purchase of QDOS, developed system by Tim Paterson when he works at Seattle Computer Products, where MS DOS came from, whose sale to IBM is the origin of Microsoft’s millionaire project.

Paul Allen was familiar with Xerox’s Palo Alto MVT system, which was an inspiration for early versions of Windows, and later invested in Explorer in a heavily competitive version with Netscape, which triggered the so-called Web browser war.

Paul Gardner Allen created a foundation with his name in 1988 to run philanthropic projects; between 1990 and 2014 he donated more than $ 500 million to more than 1,500 nonprofit organizations, most of them for technology, arts and culture projects, but also a significant slice of social development (about $ 100 million).

He died in the 65 years old, cancer victim in his hometown of Seattle, where he owned the basketball team.

 

The Crystal Palace and the digital era

10 Sep

Byung Chull Han describes in her that the concepts of telecommunications, she was previous and fundamental to the internet, must be reflected with great ontological seriousness, since it is the one that designates the procedural form of densification in numbers of interactions and monetary values, it is calculated that there are ten million e-mails per minute and one trillion dollars a day (VÁSQUEZ ROCCA, 2012).
This high density occurs both in the greater and easier possibility of meeting between agents, either in the form of (relational?) Transactions or in the form of collisions, and this describes in a certain way what resembles the so-called Crystal Palace (idem) .
The Crystal Palace of London in 1850 already housed Universal Exhibitions and also recreation centers dedicated to “education of the people”, this sophisticated architecture, one of the most imposing in the nineteenth century, anticipated a globalized capitalism and intended the total absorption of the world that was produced, long before the digital age.
He quotes Dostoevsky and Walter Benjamin even more frequently, and Sloterdijk (2005) uses them in an article where he uses the idea of ​​Dostoevsky that he finds there the cult of Baal as a consumeristic and hedonistic symbol, where a doctrine of “purposes” as a dogma of consumption.
Sloterdijk makes a connection with Benjamin: “The power of the metaphor of Dostoyevsky’s crystal palace for the philosophy of history is best measured when juxtaposed to Walter Benjamin’s interpretation of the Parisian arcades. The comparison is suggestive because in one case as in the other an architectural form was proclaimed as the key to capitalismo, condition of the world “(SLOTERDIJK, 2005, p. 279).
It will be Byung Chull-Han who solves this duality by establishing that there is always a “mystery” that is unveiled and that this is part of the beautiful and the truth, which is gradually revealed.
It is necessary to think that only 4% of the universe is known, that of the call of baryonic matter, that composed of protons, electrons and neutrons, in addition to some subparticles, dark matter that in part is also baryonic and so-called dark energy, of repulsive action that permeates the entire space, are practically unknown.

SLOTERDIJK, P. Crystal Palace. Chapter 33 in Globalen Inneren Raum des Kapitals: Für eine philosophische Theorie der Globalisierung (In the Global Inner Space of Capital: For a Philosophical Theory of Globalization). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 2005, pg. 265-276.

VÁSQUEZ ROCCA, Adolfo, “Sloterdijk: Modelos de comunicación ocultoarcaicos y moderno-ilustrados. Para una época de ángeles vacíos. Nómadas. Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas, 2010 Disp.: http://www.ucm.es/info/nomadas/26/avrocca.pdf, Acesso em: setembro de 2018.

 

 

Hologram make success

26 Aug

Of unexpected firmness, a singer who is a three-dimensional hologram, Hatsune Miku conquered crowds for her shows in various cities of Japan.

 

Hatsune fans, which is a holographic production simulating a 16-year-old girl, shake their luminous apathetic and shake during the show as if the artist were real.According to the Daily Mail report, Hatsune’s voice was created with voice samples from Japanese actress Saki Fujita. All these samples contain sounds that, when placed in series, become words and phrases.

 
Now the creators of the hologram can compose any song that the “avatar” will sing even without much elaboration.
 
 

Alexa: Amazon personal assistant

26 Jun

It may not seem like a new phenomenon in technology since there are wizards like Siri, Cortana or Google Now, but the fact that this wizard is really personal, that’s why I called the others for voice assistants, is the fact that it learns and stores the data in a private cloud from Amazon Web Service (AWS).
These personal assistants although all grounded by the use of voice there are differences, they can learn from specific people habits and functions they desire, while the voice assistant, as I call Siri and Google Now now empordered by Dialogflow, as we explained in the post above, they can respond and learn from human interaction, but may, if it is desirable to organize their own database.
Alexa (because I’m the personal assistant I think is masculine, but it can be the same) is centralized in the Amazon cloud and has its own equipment that is Amazon Echo, a column always connected to the Internet via WiFi that is attentive to dialogues of its “owner”.
Streaming music services using Spotify or Pandora, you can read the news of the main newspapers you prefer, inform the weather forecast or the traffic on the way to work, can control all equipment at home that are Smart Home, including it can identify and tell about compatibility, plus its capacity goes beyond.
In addition, it promises to check basic things like solving math accounts or getting into a conversation and even telling jokes, over time this bank and this ability will evolve.
But beware, we have already written here about the myth of singularity (especially the book by Jean Gabriel Ganascia), the idea that this will turn a monster and control you is less true than to individualize and stop talking to friends and relatives

 

AI and artifacts

16 May

Norvig and Russel’s book (2010) at the outset brings a table about thinking humanly and rationally, and acting humanly and rationally, the complete table for Artificial Intelligence is incomplete, even if considering the literature in the area on issues such as autonomy and consciousness.
Let us first analyze the four main quotations that are in the table of figure 1.1. of the book exemplified next, on Artificial Intelligence.

Thinking Humanly

“The exciting new effort to make computers think . . . machines with minds, in the

full and literal sense.” (Haugeland, 1985)

“ The automation of activities that we associate with human thinking, activities such as decision-making, problem solving, learning . . .” (Bellman, 1978)

Thinking Rationally

“The study of mental faculties through the use of computational models.” (Charniak and McDermott, 1985)

“The study of the computations that make it possible to perceive, reason, and act.” (Winston, 1992)

Acting Humanly

“The art of creating machines that perform functions that require intelligence when performed by people.” (Kurzweil, 1990)

“The study of how to make computers do things at which, at the moment, people are better.” (Rich and Knight, 1991)

Acting Rationally

“Computational Intelligence is the study of the design of intelligent agents.” (Poole et al., 1998)

 “AI . . . is concerned with intelligent behavior in artifacts.” (Nilsson, 1998)

I understood from this framework that I am acting rationally, and that definitions and Poole and Nilsson are useful for my studies, but something is lacking, which is consciousness and autonomy, and in this sense the picture is incomplete.
But the question of consciousness is a fact, if we think a person may be aware, but an artifact, not Thomas Nagel’s argument, we can in the opposite sense think of AI “weak” and IA “strong” definitions given by John Searle, to differentiate whether machines are thinking rationally and humanly (strong AI) or just thinking and acting rationally (weak IA).
This led to another field that is today called general IA and deep IA.

NORVIG,  P.; RUSSEL, P. (2010) Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach 3nd ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010.