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Arquivo para a ‘Jornalismo’ Categoria

transcendent and consciousness

20 May

We generally think that transcendent is what is linked to God or some aspect of religiosity, but the term actually comes from philosophy and can be used in Theology.
In general, in philosophy and in everyday life, transcendence is opposed to the immanent, with the idea of something belonging to another nature, simply to the Other, or even that which is of a higher order, the transcendental is of this order and is not the even if transcendent.
Transcendent in philosophy is what is beyond, a way of thinking the opposite is the immanent, which is connected to thing-in-itself, but in Kant’s transcendental idealism its opposite is dogmatic idealism, for example, thought by George Berkeley.
In idealist epistemology, transcendence is applied to the phenomena of objective reality, because they are incapable of showing themselves to men exactly as they are (our subjective capacity), they do not appear as things-in-themselves, but as subjective representations constructed by human cognitive capacities.
From the intentionality of Franz Brentano, the student of some classes Franz Brentano, he investigated a new path to philosophy, overcoming the modern modern idea that conceived of consciousness as a closed receptivity in itself, opening it to immanence to consciousness, reflecting the “enigma of transcendence”.
Husserl does not immediately break with idealistic transcendentalism, one must travel the path he has made, even return to Brentano’s intentionality which still has an empirical trait that breaks down to construct immanent objectivity.
When Husserl begins to walk the path of an idealistic transcendentalism, the criticism of his closest disciples will make him choose to be isolated in a position that seems to be overcome or to establish a new turn to phenomenological research. Hence, it is often difficult to understand Husserlian thinking.
His vast work has to be traversed at every stage, there is a philosophical course, where each moment of thought has its own questions, to the period of the intention to that of Logical Investigations (Logische Untersuchungen, first edition in 1900-1901), after elaborating some concepts- which led him to state that, in order to study the structure of consciousness, he distinguished between the act of consciousness and the phenomenon to which it is directed (the object-in-itself, transcendent to consciousness).
The idea of the mind as what occurs within it, the so-called physicalism still persists and with strong influence on neuroscience, one of the exponents is the Portuguese Antonio Damásio, his TED has 2M of views:

 

The discovery and the sound of pulsars

04 May

Supernovae are massive explosions of stars that until 1932 did not have many explanations, although they are observed and studied by astronomers.
Walter Brade and Fritz Zwicky sought the explanation when the subatomic particle called neutron was discovered so they understood that the answer was this, a neutron star.
It is a dense nucleus, as if two suns compressed in a space of the region of the great Sao Paulo of Brazil, but the explanation does not end there.
In 1967, the doctoral student Jocelyn Bell, captured in a radio astronomy equipment a weak pulse coming from a part of the sky with extreme precision, the house 1.3 seconds it repeated, it seemed an intentional signal of somebody or of and some civilization thought his counselor, but it was the discovery of pulsars.
Two important consequences of observation: to the extent that this star collapses its rotation increases greatly, and the other, is that collapse carries along with it the magnetic field forming a dense nucleus that spurs an energy beam dense to the space as pulses.
Russian scientists, capturing the flow of 10 pulsars, have created a song that along with other sounds of the universe form a great symphony of the creation and expansion of the universe.
Watch the video made by Russian scientists last month:

 

Poetry, Notre Dame and Ignorance

16 Apr

I was preparing to write something about the first volume of Otto Maria Carpeaux on Western literature, curiously I dwell on the passage: “‘lirism’ is the true name for the divine and human order in the world of Sophocles, symptoms of a precarious balance because purely aesthetic “(Carpeaux, 2012, p. 49), which speaks of lyricism in Sophocles, the fire of Notre Dame robs me of lyricism, and certainly not only aesthetic but historical.
Certainly there will be some who think that they are stones and museums, the little appreciation for the religious question touches me, but I understand, but no appreciation for history, the first arches that extended the ceiling of the Gothic cathedrals, an engineering work that lasted almost 300 years, that used various styles of architecture that could be reviewed and understood, etc.
There is militant ignorance, appeals to practice, objectivism (which robs any lyrical or poetic possibility), what Byung Chull Han calls the culture of the “smooth”, flat, without wrinkles or details, which wants to abolish any environment, enhances or poetic license, the “challenge” culture.
I saw the works of Gaudi in Barcelona the contemporary opposite of the culture of the flat, a poetry, lyricism and a mystique made of stone as he intended, the internal lights of the Sagrada Familia are a spectacle to the part, it is not the digital that abolished this, much before modern objectivism.
Ignorance beyond questioning any concept, philosophy or theory, in addition to a pseudo appeal to practice, objectivity or any other argument, in fact without good method none of this can be successfully achieved, this ignorance has become militant and I wonder if would not be able to destroy mankind’s patrimony.
The Islamic State did this in Palmyra, but do not we do the same in our instrumentalizing, ideologized and militant practice, in fact, there is today a militious ignorance.
I want to imagine that the fire of Notre Dame was not a criminal, because it does the same thing as terrorism by destroying history, culture and the possibility of future generations understanding the long road that humanity has gone through, it is not possible to have a promising future by ignoring the past, not only the deeds, but also the mistakes and misunderstandings.
I accept this momentary death, this is my easter and easter of history, but I believe in future and in the culture.

 

Notre Dame on fire

15 Apr

Today the Notre Dame was been on fire in enourmous proportions. 
The present church was built in the year 1163, when the Romanesque church there was demolished because Bishop Maurice de Sully considered it unworthy of values and the technical innovations allowed new daring forms and arches and ceilings were erected.
The church of Notre Dame, which stands for Our Lady [and one of the oldest of the Gothic style, and the long process of construction that lasted until the mid-fourteenth century, and the various architects who participated in the construction justifies the stylistic differences present.
During the French Revolution several elements of the church were stolen, ending the space itself by serving as a warehouse for food, but Victor Hugo incorporated to it a romantic spirit and inclusion, the novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame in 1831.
There are indications that the Celts would have celebrated ceremonies there and later the Romans would have made a temple of devotion to the god Jupiter, and still there would have existed one of the first churches of Christianity in Paris: the Basilica of Saint-Etienne, designed by Quildebert I by around 528 AD.
The fire destroys a patrimony of humanity, a historical document and the reconstruction will hardly maintain the original originality, is a great loss for the history.
In live now NBC News has a documentar about this:

https://www.nbcnews.com/video/watch-live-notre-dame-cathedral-in-paris-on-fire-1493982275799

 

The first image of the Black Hole

11 Apr

But in reality it is much more than that, and the proof of the theory of relativity, the variation of space and time (considered absolute in modernity), with the supermacious black hole photo, in the Center of The M87 Galaxy was unveiled on Wednesday at six simultaneous press conferences in Brussels, Washington, Santiago, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo.
It is the result of a decade of effort, made in five countries by the members of the EHT’s Collaboration of the Horizon of Events (EHT), and the imaging was done by telescopes connected to satellites in various parts of the earth see figure) to compose the image. But a black hole does not emit light, what was the photographer then-what does the image show at all? its shadow that it causes in its bright neighborhood, these rays of light in the surroundings deviated and distorted by its intense gravitational field form the reddish tones.
At its frontier happens a horizon of events, marking the points where even the light gets sucked out of gravity, is 2.5 times smaller than the shadow projects it, and yet measures 40 billion km from one side to the other, being this called Monster.
A 29-year-old scientist was important in the team of 30 researchers who helped compose the image, she is Katherine Bouman, a postdoctoral student at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and developed the algorithm for imaging.
The explanation of black holes is in video follow:

 

A Relaxed History of Philosophy

08 Apr

Among the books I promised to read (post), Nigel Warburton’s Brief History of Philosophy (L & PM Pocket, 2017) was the first, had other priorities.

It is a relaxed and cheerful way of reading philosophy, it has the advantage of being easy for readers who are not initiated, but in my view lack some depth and some authors, just to name two Husserl and Heidegger, however the rest of the set is consistent.

It begins properly with Plato and Socrates, with the suggestive and philosophical title “The Man Who Asked” and from the beginning makes the reader reason to show the difference between being immoral and deceitful in a dialogue between Socrates and Euthydemus, which shows the reader the importance concepts and dialogue as a method of educating.

He will explain in a dialogue with Queroponte that when asking an old wise woman an oracle of Delphi, if there was someone wiser than Socrates receives the answer “No” and will say it to Socrates, who wonders about the fact since “I knew so little.”

He thus clarifies what philosophy is, as “love of wisdom” and from there his disciple will leave (in fact only Socrates is known by Plato), say that the wise should rule, and this will be how the Platonic school will begin, and then more later that of his disciple Aristotle.

The chapter of Aristotle has the title “The true happiness”, a curious and intelligent trait of Warburton that is to give soon in the title a key of reading, again which is simplistic, but it helps the reader and creates an interest in the subject.

The third that I comment on here, also a wise choice, is Pyrrhus, for he was the most skeptical of that time (365 BC), which is important for opposing dogmatism.

It is possible to elect this author because avoiding too much reading, which few people do today, is able to teach lay readers in the subject, for this is seen as popularizer of the philosophy.

 

My first contact with Gaudi

18 Mar

Antonio Gaudi i Cornet (1852-1926), the artist, architect and mystic would only impress us if we walked through his work, felt his “aroma”, everything I read in the books was below, because this, it is my first contact. 

It was a strategic decision to see Gaudi in Barcelona from the outside in, the last thing on the first day was to see his main work The Holy Family, in his heart, is not always open to the public, in our case for a mass: in the crypt.
The next day was to stroll along the quay and the places where Gaudi went, we also passed the corner where the tram (electric in Portugal) ran over him, he was incognito days until they recognized him and on the third day he passed away.
I passed quickly, but Casa Vicens (1883-1888) is a summer house designed by Gaudi, commissioned by the owner of a brick and tile factory, Manuel Vicens, who from this 2016 became a museum open to the public, marks his style in transition.
The first works of his that I went to see the next day were the public lamp in the Plaza, a work of his youth, and then the Casa Batlló, made from 1904 to 1906, after the Casa Milà (foto) with the company of a friend Javier explained the futurism of work with space for lights and air inside the building, and the contours lowered at the tip, so as not to overshadow the architecture of the building next door.
After going through several other works we went to the Sagrada Familia, whose project is being finished by other architects respecting the ideas of Gaudi, began in 1883 and made until the day that was run over.
The images are all outside, it is a true Bible school (he said he would do a catechesis of stone and did it), and inside the lights and the sound of the tube organs (they seemed to me two, I did not confirm), they seem be a whole temple to pray, as it was defined “expiatory temple”, but I prefer even the Cathedral of the Holy Family.
From 1984 to 2005, seven of his works were classified as World Heritage by UNESCO and his Catholic devotion that intensified during his life, street work rich in imaginary and even say in the in religious imaginary, now the catholic church thinks in his beatification.

 

 

Foldable smartphone, novelty?

12 Mar

The Mobile World Congress fair held last week in February in Barcelona brought the folding screens as a novelty, foldable in half only, and whose novelty is to improve the user experience, both joining the two halves, as separating the application and the set of them in two screens, creating a new, now active “window” experiencie, now in two screens.
The Huawei Mate X comes and soon Samsung will launch the Galaxy Fold (April 26), both foldable but without fit in the pocket.
It cost billions of euros development, the appeal is not that great and the price may be prohibitive at least in the first instance for the descent middle class pockets.
The options that are likely to attract the markets are the Xiaomi Mi 9 Launches and Samsung Galaxy S10 Plus, which tend to perform most of the scenarios in use, but with applications that make it easier to use games and Google Play Store faster, and has built-in artificial intelligence capabilities that help improve photos and security.
The Galaxy S10 brings a special 12 MP sensor with wide-angle lens and a 12-megapixel lens with a telephoto lens giving a 2x optical zoom, and the third with a lens of 123º of opening.
The launches bring the most modern chips on the market, Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 855, although in Brazil for cost reasons, at least the Korean, will leave with the Exynos 8920.
The US sale price is $ 999.99 (about 4 thousand reals in Brazil), while the Xiaomi Mi 9 about 450 euros, something around 2 thousand reais, that is, half.
In Europe are available versions with memory of 6, 64 or 128 GB, the folding for now only ads at prohibitive prices: 2 thousand euros, or 8 thousand reais, I think that some manufacturers that will launch with two screens will do well, the experience is almost the same.
The video below gives a sample of Huawei’s Mate X:

 

Smells, time and flowers

11 Mar

Time is urgent, time and money, being and time, but the interpretation of time is not secondary, considers it absolute, or even the “fourth dimension” that depends on it, but it is not, time is duration and when not the smell loses the “aroma” (in sense of smells).
This is how Byung-Chul Han defines it in his “The Aroma of Time: A Philosophical Essay on the Art of Delay” (Relógio d’Agua,) which, using Marcel Proust, defines it: “His temporal strategy in the face of this hasty period consists in contributing to the recovery of time, the Aroma.” (Han, 2016, 57).
Proust’s novel is “In Search of Lost Time,” do not rush has nothing to do with the digital universe, is talking about a work published in seven volumes between the years 1913 and 1925 in seven volumes, the period of the foundation of the Pequeno Jardim store in Lisbon, in Bairro Alto, at Rua Garret, 61 (photo above, still there).
He speaks of the “timelessness” of Being, losing continuity, permanence, makes a quote from Proust of something I have felt, but in the opposite sense: “The man I was no longer exists, I am another,” and says that this is an identity crisis, I felt the same crisis but in an opposite sense, something I found in a contemporary Portuguese poem called Café Orfeu.
Portuguese poet Manuel Antonio Pina says at the end: “And to which I returned, slowly as if before your smile someone (I probably) had never existed”, of course talks about a meeting of a person, one can think the smile of life, or how Marcel Proust would like a scent found, aromas I felt and tasted in Lisbon.
As I think of reforestation, Martha Nussbaum’s theme for a resumption of the “aroma of time”, I remember a music “fado” of Amália Rodrigues that says “smells good, smells like Lisbon”, the words speak of flowers in the cover, says the letter of the among other verses:
“A carnation in a stolen water It smells good, it smells like Lisbon,
A rose blooming in the cover Smells good, Smells like Lisbon ”
Lisbon smells of flowers and sea, it says at the end, but the flowers are plastic, and if they do not take care of them (the sardines are disappearing) the sea will also be plastic, but I’m dreaming of a “reforestation”.
The “fado music” follows in the immortal voice of Amalia Rodrigues:
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Good trip! Passengers to space

04 Mar

Elon Musk after revolutionizing the Tesla car, here in Lisbon I got in and I’m trying to test drive, after the revolutionary solar battery (do not adopt because of the electric and diesel trusts), now the first space travel with passenger was made. 
The SpaceX spacecraft, the first of a private project whose $ 250 million cost is a quarter of NASA’s cost, and has already docked at the orbital station on a quiet trip, still no passengers.
The tourist who paid part of the project is Yusaku Maezawa, a businessman who sold some in the mail and today has a clothing sales site called Zozotown, his identity was a long time in secret, Tesla’s BRF (Big Falcon Rocket) ship is reusable and was propelled by the Falcon 9 rocket, and should return to Earth in a week.
Maezawa’s project called DearMoon involves artist he enjoys and it’s a futuristic poetry without fail to have a business side.
SpaceX plans to reach Mars in 2022.
The details of the 8 tickets bought by Maezawa and her artistic dream are: