Arquivo para a ‘Museology’ Categoria

Óbidos, the Portuguese medieval city

22 Jul

The city of Óbidos, considered one of the 7 wonders of Portugal, the little towns are villages, although they have municipal council, are linked to a district and this city is linked to the district of Leiria, in the province of Extremadura, the center has 2200 inhabitants , but the whole region has almost 12 thousand.

The city has a castle with walls, considered one of the 7 wonders of Portugal, where you can live with medieval aspects, this week for example, there is the medieval festival, but the project “Literary Village” turned Óbidos into Literary City by UNESCO.

It is 80 kilometers from Lisbon, has three cross streets, Rua Direita, Rua do Facho and Josefa d’Óbidos, a tribute to the main baroque artist of the city, post tomorrow. There are vestiges that Óbidos is inhabited from primitive peoples, its logistics near the sea, the climate and the fortification of defenses were in this region also the Romans, the Muslims and in the year 1148, after the conquest of Santarém and Lisbon by D. Afonso Henriques, was also taken from the Arabs.

There is near the Lagoa (lagoon) d’Óbidos, it is possible for the real road, being like lagoon easier of defense and also with exits to the sea in several points, going from the Beach of Bom Sucesso to the Praia da Foz do Arelho (Beach of the Foothills of the Sea Arelho), bypassing the Lagoon.

As for the name, the word comes from the Latin Oppidus, which means “fortified city”, there are signs that the emperor Cesar Augustus erected the city in the late 1st century BC. This week Óbidos holds the Medieval Festival, and there will be a doctoral meeting of Digital Art from the Open University.

The video below shows the Medieval Festival of last year:















The spiritual in art, almost forgotten

15 Nov

In addition to Kandinsky, a contemporary recognized as having influence in spiritual art, there are three others almost forgotten: Raymond de Sebonde, author of Natural Theology; Gaudí, creator of the Mediterranean Gothic, and Salvador Dali, incorrectly seen as paranoid-critic, see this in sequence.
Dali said after a long phase that he himself said he had a psychological and indirect influence of Freud, to integrate into a new phase, where his frame Christus Hypercubus will be a landmark, and may even relate contemporaneousness with Quantum Physics, the fourth dimension of the universe (the Hypercube), and to a certain extent to the tesseract of Charles H. Hilton.
He says in his Anti-matter Manifesto he writes in all letters: “In the surrealist period, I wanted to create the iconography of the inner world and the wonderful world, of my father Freud … Today, the outside world and that of physics transcended the world of psychology, he declair:  “My father today is dr. Heisenberg”, so is a Dali post-surrealism as he proclaims himself.
We have already posted something about this before, but we have developed a little more here.
Proclaimed Dali about his work: “I Dali, re-updating Spanish mysticism, I will prove with my work the unity of the universe, showing the spirituality of all substances,” in which the use of substance is not by chance, even of the physical universe, but may also be that which Teilhard Chardin called the “Christocentric universe,” that is, his Noosphere in the most substantial sense of the word, or in the physical sense of the universe.
This dimension, besides being studied in Particle Physics and Astrophysics, appeared in films like “Contact” (1997, direction of Robert Zemeckis) based on the work of the same name of Carl Sagan, and recently the film Interstellar (direction of Christopher Nolan , 2014), and the possibility of the fourth dimension and the universe being immersed in a hypercube is scientific.
Einstein had predicted a relativistic phenomenon Lense-Thirring (homage to Josef Lense and Hans Thirring) that remained for a long time without proof until this effect began to be detected in artificial satellites and since then has been studied as a real possibility, is a effect of a gyroscope due to the gravitational magnetic field.
The Artefacto 2018 event will begin tomorrow in Lisbon, at Palácio da Ceia, among other works, and will present an Ode to Christus Hypercubs by Dr. Jônatas Manzolli from Unicamp, which will feature pianist Helena Marinho from Aveiro and the soloist Beatriz Maia


Incomplete verses and power

30 Oct

All incompleteness is human, but it is also the cause of our blindness, we could complete it with dialogue, attentive listening to the Other, or with the postmodern philosophy that has nothing to drink but is very solid: living in the Other , a post-me.
I see libertarian, literary and biblical verses, all incomplete, by the absence of the Other, or by the simple idealistic division between subjects and objects, here made plural, to give meaning to a verse by Fernando Pessoa (importante portuguese poet):
“I only want to make it of all humanity; even if I have to lose it as mine. More and more like this I think “, also incomplete, but final because at first it is only that many know “Navigate is accurate, live is not necessary “, which was not his, but the motto of many Portuguese navigators.
This poem also needs completeness: “I am increasingly putting the impersonal purpose of magnifying the homeland and contributing to the evolution of humanity. It is the form that in me has taken the mysticism of our Race, “as this is welcome in times of eternal return.
I wanted to make a thought about power, but I cannot but be power, says our Portuguese poet: “Everything I think, All I am Is an immense desert Where I am not”, are verses of “Everything I think” (Fernando Pessoa) being also incomplete.
Complete with my student life, fighting for democracy in an authoritarian country, I said the final verses of this poem of everything I think: “Extension stopped With nothing to be there, Sand sifted I’ll give you the sting of the life I’ve lived.”
Said Faust in his Goethe (it was the character to say): “although I do not cast my being if it solves in nothing”, power of whom? What can you do about my Being?


Time of being

29 Oct

There is a time of not being, we are complaining today of the acceleration, but Chul-Han’s diagnosis in The burnot Society is not so distant from that made by St. Augustine 14 centuries ago: “What is time? How are the past and the future, since the past is no longer and the future is not yet? “And the present? We barely say “now” and it has already fallen in the past “, this in a time when neither the technology of the press existed, what changed then?

Salvador Dali’s picture gives us an idea about the “persistence of memory” and the right to forgetfulness sanctioned by the European Union court on May 13, 2014 gives the diagnosis of a modern “disease”: hyper connectivity, in a Brazilian slang: we enter the “stack”.

The aid of machines that should give us rest periods in transmitting part of our work to them, and being able to perform long tasks faster should give us rest, but we no longer know how to have the period of contemplation and leisure, it seems to be “a time lost”.

We blame this acceleration for the machine of efficiency, concentration of capital, and other phenomena that predate the internet, there are many authors of the last century who touch the subject, after all Paulicéia Desvairada (Crazy people of St. Paul) (write in 1922) is a well-known novel of Mario de Andrade of 1922, and the first studies of the information explosion in the area of ​​science date back to the 1940s.

Says Mário de Andrade about the artist in his poem dedicated to this:

My desire is to be a painter – Lionardo.

whose ideal in mercy heats you;

making the open to the world of the wide corolla

illustrious dream that I await in my bosom.

My longing is, bringing to the dark background of life.

The color of the Venetian school,

give shades of pink and gold, for alms.

how much there is of Penedia* or thistle.

 When you find the source of the inks

and the exalted brushes with which you paint,

Veronese! your pictures and your friezes.

I will live where misfortunes live;

And I’ll live to color smiles.

on the lips of those who imprecate or who weep.

It may be a hard time to do poetry, or to contemplate, but we cannot let the Self-die because of a Time whose fragility is always gone.  * (type of rocks group)


Digital collaboration between Art Museums

18 Sep

An open source digital software platform for art curation and sharing between museums and other art exhibition environments was developed by collaboration between researchers at New York University (New York University) and art analysts and historians at the Frick Art Library Reference of New York.

The ARIES platform, available for free from, simplifies the organization, exploration and analysis of digital collections, allowing experts to manipulate images.

The developed toolkit allows users to enlarge features, filter images, add annotations, change lenses, tag images, select and color images (see picture) and share collections.

Claudio Silva, of NYU Tandon, stated that “since ARIES is also Web-based, it is portable and free of the complexities of installing a system.

This is especially important for our target users, who have little or no computing experience.” ARIES was developed by a multidisciplinary team, including Claudio Silva and Juliana Freire, and by professors from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of NYU Tandon and faculty members of VIDA Center Lhaylla Crissaff and Marcos Lage, are visiting NYU researchers Tandon João Rulff, VIDA associate researcher Luke DuBois, artist, professor and co-director of NYU Tandon’s integrated digital media program; and Louisa Wood Ruby and Samantha Deutch, research director and assistant director of the Collection History Center at the Frick Art Reference Library, respectively.

Claudio Silva said the team is releasing new features incrementally and plans to make the software more robust, in order to improve documentation, tutorials and case studies in order to broaden the user base. As you can see at least, the project was part of the CNPq-Brasil scholarship support and is supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation Computational Research Infrastructure (CRI).  

Frick Art Reference Library was founded nearly 90 years ago (1934) by Henry Clay Frick’s daughter (1849-1919), Helen Clay Frick, is in the building at 10 E. 71st Street, the Library is one of the leading references in history and collections of art.


World created beyond the imaginary

08 May

The story of Claude Shannon, who worked in a MIT laboratory of Vannevar Bush and Alain Turing crosses through World War II, while working on secret projects, which were two sides of the same coin, unaware of one another’s project, the idea of ​​passing the language to a human code, the System X that worked Shannon, and the one of Turing that was to decipher the code of the Machine Enigma capture of the German army.

Not being able to talk about his projects, speaking at lunches and gatherings in Gödel’s Incomplete Theorem, and the idea of ​​creating a machine that could encode human thought, he said in a joke, “could be a mundane brain like that of the president of Bell Laboratories”, place of secret projects in development.

Bell Labs began as an AT & departament in Washington and later of independent labo of the project’s development (photo above).

The major obstacles to innovation initiatives stem from the mental blocks caused by unproven beliefs, prejudices and perceptions about the possibilities of technology, which are not only strongly alienating, but are inhibitors of creativity and can condemn processes of poor mental development. In spite of the irony of Shannon and Turing with the president of Bell Laboratories, there developed from the first valves, the first transistor that was awarded a Nobel Prize, the telephone systems in their most diverse versions arriving the dialed line and the use of the network for transmission over the internet, and the optimal fiber system, whose first test was done in Georgia.

Also lines of radio and television handsets, the development of the Linux precursor UNIX system, the first solar cells, several Nobel prizes and famous students passed by.

The challenge of pioneers is never simple, critics are always willing to devalue the human effort of progress, Bell Laboratories and other study centers, such as CERN and Research Institute around the world, Brazil has some of them as INPE in São José dos Campos, are central drivers of human creativity and project the future of man.




Clarify the clearing

03 May

Man always wanted the light, he always went in search of the “clearing”, the Myth of the Cave of Plato is nothing else, the light in the medieval chapels and arts, the clarification (Aufklärung) that Kant pointed out as the man’s exit from his minority and the current “clearings” of Heidegger and “clarifying” Sloterdijk glades, the plural is on my own.

In medieval art the “light” must be associated with art, although the texts of Boethius, Thomas Aquinas, Averrois and many others are worthy of reading and analysis, it was in the arts that the idea of ​​luminosity was more present, an example, is the church Saint-Chapelle (photo) consecrated in 1248 AD, with example of the dematerialization of the walls and substitution by stained glass.

What should be the exercise of full freedom, the great bet of modernity, actually confined humanism to a dead end, enough to ask the question if we live in an enlightened age, opinions of all philosophical nuances will answer: it is not an enlightened time, so the pretense of enlightenment gave blindness and civilization crisis.

Heidegger’s answers about the “clearing” in the midst of this forest of questions (some think it is only information) was the resumption of being, certainly important, but Sloterdijk’s response to the letters on humanism puts it in question: that is “clearing.”

I do not have a definitive answer, as Sloterdijk is not, even if he points “the spheres” as the circles of imprisonment of being, of thought and I would say here, even religion.

My response contemplates Byung-Chul Han’s book “Expulsion from the Other,” the option for a massified, uniformed society and for that without values ​​would destroy the human wealth of diversity, but it is precisely this diversity that seems to rebel, and may give fruits. Clarifying the clearing, in the face of the civilizing crisis of our time, can not find more answer, as in the past, in the idea of ​​single thinking, diversity is now necessary.


Life: origin and destiny

26 Apr

To exist life is essential water and some other elements in abundance: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, sodium, chlorine and magnesium, so the search for inhabited or inhabited planets, scientist Arthur C. Clarke said, “Whether we’re alone in the universe or we’re not, either scenario is scary.”

As important as the origin of life, which is still an enigma, is to investigate the original societies that are submerged in the underground layers of our society, some are able to see these traits and understand that modernity is not the eternal destiny of men, others immersed in the conflicts of our time want to eternalize it as if it were the last human civilizing stage.

To understand what life is, it is also to understand where we came from, whether in the scientistic perspective of modernity we have to know whether we come from matter or not, and for this question I recommend Terrence Deacon’s book “Incomplete Nature: how mind emerged fom matter” (see our post), precisely because it unites the anthropological perspective with the cosmological word, in a broader sense that includes the cosmogonies of the diverse cultures and civilizations.

The subject is too broad for a post, so I tell an experience being in Portugal, I went to visit one of these small Portuguese towns Coruche, it is not the villages that are even smaller, and there I came across vestiges of the prehistoric men in the region, the first signs of Western civilization: Roman columns, the one believed to be the first bell of Portugal and also the beginning of Christian evangelization in the region, the Church of Our Lady of the Castle has this name because it was made on the ruins of a castle.

So one civilization buries the other, the city also lies in a border region between the Kingdom of Portugal and that of Al-Andaluz, where Arab Muslims lived and where the origin of the Portuguese tile designs is.

 I felt that all this was composed in a civilization originating from unknown Portugal, and we grandchildren of this original civilization. It does not fail to have, as in all Portugal the fields of vines, almost every place has one. As it is written in the museum of Coruche on the city: “The sky, the earth and the men”. 


See and believe: feeling the real

06 Apr

Contrary to common sense thinking, the virtual does not oppose the real, but it points to a path, digital technologies already under development as augmented reality, virtual reality and holograms are virtual not in the sense of unreality, but of potentialities. What may come out of them still depends on some technological advances, but the development of these artifacts, such as to create 3D holograms tested at Brigham Young

Researchers of Bringham Young University (see our post) published in the January issue of Nature, will still depend on technological advances to market in the near future, this is its virtuality. In an information society, reading plays a central role, not incidentally it is linked to the printed artifact, the so-called Gutenberg Galaxy, however one can imagine that oral culture has little to do with it, or only compose with it , but this is not a fact.

Oral culture, seeing is linked to listening, may seem curious or strange in this culture is essential to listen, and speaking means a certain authority, were thus with the oracles, prophets and masters in Afro cultures, one must have the gift to tell in them the myths occupy a prominent place, that is why we develop here: seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not listen. It might be the opposite, if we think of photography, TV and the Cinema, but the so-called “society of the spectacle”, which Guy Debord defined the spectacle as the set of social relations mediated by the images, but these are only modern artifacts; cave paintings would then be what?

The line of analysis that although it criticizes seems more coherent is that of Paul Virilio, that the modern society walks with “speed” for the new media, and the dance and the theater would be the real resistances to this speed, But Virilio surrenders to the claim that technological innovations transform, modify, alter geographical space at all scales (local, national and global), does not say this, however, it is necessary to humanize them, and this process will be increasingly is inherent in these media. An example of oral culture is in Thomas’s famous passage, which is interpreted in the culture of information as saying that it is seeing to believe, it is wrong, it is to feel to believe, reread the passage of John 20: 25-27.

“Then the other disciples told him,” We have seen the Lord. “But Thomas said to them,” If I do not see the nail-mark in your hands, if I do not put my finger on the nail-marks, your side, I will not believe “…. and Jesus said, Put your finger here and look at my hands.”

Jesus appeared and asked that he also touch other passages Jesus appears and only when he speaks, and breaks bread is “seen,” modern man must touch and feel.


Seeing do not see

05 Apr

Listening already wrote here, is the fact of owning the hearing aid, listening is something for mental processing. what you have heard, you can not do it without some attention and some knowledge, at least of the language in which you are listening.

I imagined in Portugal, that in all the Iberian Peninsula, had already seen in Spain, there is some culture linked to the vision, something similar to oral tradition, even more primitive, yes because the cave paintings are previous to writing and probably originating from oral culture .

I discover asking about the cultural importance of the Caldas da Rainha City, relatively close to Lisbon, the figure of Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro (1846-1905), inventor of Zé-Povinho (in certain sense: little person), also a journalist of the engraving, a pencil leaflet, a graphic chronicler, a failed ceramista, cartoonist, ahed of time, Republican (in Portugal it happen in 1910), one of pionnering in satirical cartoons, and it may have convulsed his country in the late nineteenth century, still a monarchist, but already strong republican ideias.  ,

His ceramics that did not avenge in his time, today are works of art spread in the interior world, in Brazil we have already seen those pots shaped like pine, cups (Portugal cups) and other crockery (utensils in the terrinha), made in format fruits and decoration, made much more like the “zé povinho” than the royal dishes of the Portuguese aristocracy.

Just as listening requires a training, the look requires a double training, because the artist wants to give the public something beyond the conventional and for this reason does this or that nuance in its artifacts,

Perhaps the very expression of Zé Povinho, also used in Brazil, owes to him, also here as here the expression can denote a pejorative sense.

The fact of the vision in the artistic sense, so much can resort to mythical figures, winged horses and onicorns, mule without head and saci Pererê in popular legends, with mystics in the sense even of anticipation of the reality, many artists were ahead of its time.

A visionary of our time can not refuse the media and social networks, being redundant, it is lack of vision.