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Arquivo para a ‘Recursos comuns’ Categoria

Inheritance of the Michel Serres

04 Jun

Deceased at age 88 on 1st. in June, its publisher Sophie Bancquart issued the following note: “Die in peace, surrounded by your family,” the pioneer in the study of new communication technologies, who among others Pierre Lévy as his student left us an inheritance.
In addition to his message of peace, he said that Hiroshima was the principle of his philosophy, in addition to the ecological message, declared that the earth is the third protagonist in our history, also left a book, which can say much of its synthesis.
Since 1958, teaching has become a fundamental part of his life. He was a specialist in Leibniz, a reason he was always one of my favorite authors, and to which he dedicated a book in 1968, Le système de Leibniz et ses modèles mathématiques, comparison between Leibniz and Pascal and the point of reference question.
But it was in the concept of miscegenation network that I found a more fundamental support for developing some of my deeper concepts about networks and their presence in the contemporary world, I find that his last book, “Morales Espiègles” ( Cosnuts mischievous), published in France in February, is also on the subject.
He created a character, the Harlequin, incarnating the new, science, education, pedagogy, nature and peace, as a critic of Cartesian thought, through a new poetics, while not having a deep criticism of society and contemporary culture.
Serres’s mestizo philosophy is his preoccupation with the almost irreversible rule of science over nature and man, but with the desire to stop this practice, he sees that not always the scientists themselves perceive the ways that can threaten life on the planet.
His trilogy includes three journeys (Serres, 2008, p.59): “for the world”, “for society” (Serres, 2008, p.60) and “for the sciences” in each journey, a mestizo knowledge, a third instruction, the possibility of a narrative of the new man.

Don’t fail to penetrate deeper philosophical thinking, when addressing “the immediate sensations, the corporal conducts, the very life, in the end, things as they are” (Serres, 2005, p.239), which reminds me of the thought about the senses, and the phenomenology of “things as they are,” states in the following sequence:
“Invents less concepts than characters: Hermes, Parasite, Hermaphrodite, The Third Learned, Harlequin and Pierrô, Atlas, Angels and Dominations, Hominescent and Incandescent, they all become characters who err in the landscapes of the world, which have in common the ability to vibrate between the person and the symbol, of allying the singular to the Universal. ”
That gives a landscape about his thought, contemporary and original in philosophy.
SERRES, M. The incandescente (in portuguese). Translation by Edgard de Assis Carvalho / Mariza Perassi Bosco. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2005.
Serres, Michel. Ramos. Rio de Janeiro (in portuguese). Translation by Edgard de Assis Carvalho and Mariza Perassi Bosco. Bertrand Brasil, 2008.

 

Where does Europe go?

22 Jan

Three issues take over the European news: the upcoming European parliamentary elections in late May, the UK exit in March and the yellow jackets in France.
While this is the conference in Davos that does not seem to bother with these issues, the absences of France, the United Kingdom and the United States show something strange.
With regard to the European elections, Makron’s fragile situation in France and Merkel’s term come to an end, less so in Germany where a new leader seems to have emerged, the new leader of the newly elected Christian Democratic Union Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (AKK) with 99% of the votes and could become the next German chancellor in 2021.
“I learned that leadership has more to do with inner strength than with outside noise,” says AKK (pictured with Merkel) who rejects the title of “mini Merkel” that says they would not say this from a man, is more docile and more determined than Merkel, has 3 children and her husband always accompanies her.
Two European parties lead the bloc the EPP (European People’s Party which are in the Christian Democrats) which has 265 deputies and the S & D (Socialist and Progressive Democrats) with 184 deputies, but the right with liberals and reformists promises to grow, just look the scenario of the countries and the exit of the United Kingdom, that will be in March.
France and Germany lead in number of deputies, have respectively 96 and 74 deputies out of a total of 751, in addition the German leader AKK speaks French well, and this block is fundamental to fight the nationalist wave that can weaken the European Union. Brexit, leaving the UK less and less united and more fragmented because of leaving the European Union, affects the European bloc in the sense that it can create a wave and also because it has a significant number of left-center deputies due to its still very strong in a UK divided by Brexit itself.
The yellow jackets seem too organized to actually represent any social contestation, to some analysts it seems somewhat orchestrated to strengthen a new kind of nationalism that has little or nothing to do with the actual population, kept to the right proportions, somewhat reminiscent of the demonstrations of 2013 in Brazil.

 

Web Summit in Lisbon

08 Nov

One of the biggest events of the Web was this week, it was a side event, I could only follow videos and news, undoubtedly the biggest star was the founder of the Web Tim-Berners Lee who already has a great new project, although he has spoken between the lines.

He started an interview, which in fact he spoke at will without many questions saying the beginning of the Web and how his growth was also surprising for him, he told technical details like “I wrote the code of the first server and the code of the first browser, it was called WorldWideWeb.app “and was on info.cern.ch.

He then said that his concern is the same as everyone, after 25 years we should deal with: cyberbullying, misinformation, hate speech, privacy issues and said what many are talking about, “What the hell could go wrong?” to the public: “in the first 15 years … great things have happened. We had Wikipedia, the Khan Academy, blogs, we had cats, “he said jokingly, adding:” Connected Humanity should be more constructive, more peaceful, than Humanity disconnected”, but jnt (just not).

“Because we are almost at the point where half of the world will be online”, explained the British engineer was referring to the ’50 / 50′ moment, that is half the connected humanity expected in 50 years, but it should reach this point in May 2019.

After trying to argue the responsibilities of governments and companies, I believe they can happen but they will be slow, he spoke indirectly of his SOLID (Social Linked Data) project, stating that “as individuals we have to hold corporations and governments accountable for what is happening on the internet ” and “the idea is, from now on, everyone is responsible for making the Web a better place, “said encouraging start-ups too to get into this process.

Thinking about the development of interfaces where users know people from different cultures, but above all ensure the universality of the Web, according to Berners-Lee the main aspect should be (speaking indirectly again of SOLID) that the popular intervention at global level and that made the Web “just a platform, without attitude, that should be independent, can be used for any kind of information, any culture, any language, any hardware, software”, linked data may help this.

 Tim Berners-Lee presented the #ForTheWeb movement on the same day that his World Wide Web Foundation released the report “The Case for the Web”, the event had a superaudience, more than 30 thousand people, there are several videos, but the Opening Ceremony is one of the most outstanding and has Tim-Berners Lee as well, see on vídeo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkzNZKCxM

 

Child abandonment

17 Apr

I find, reading a Portuguese newspaper that the number of abandoned children worldwide reaches 220 million worldwide, one in ten, and the number caught my attention because it is practically the population of Brazil.

The news of 2016 says that only in Portugal about 8,600 children were removed from their families in 2015, and also very curious news that in three villages where these Portuguese children are referred (there is still much life and many villages in Portugal, which differs from small towns), the villages of Bicesse (photo), Guarda and Gulpilhares, they are integrated into a house with a “social mother” and cohabit with the other children as brothers.

What is the school success of the current 120 children? in all villages have already lived in these villages more than 500 children, the school success rate is 88%, do not report the metric, but I believe that is the approval, since they do not talk about evasion numbers.

The time I went to look for what are social mothers has turned out to be an even greater reality, the NGO SOS mothers was founded in Austria in 1949, and is already in 135 countries, with about 2000 programs in the areas of protection, prevention, health, education and emergency.

The aldeias-SOS.org program is one of these programs. In the case of Portugal, it aims at Family Empowerment through 130 biological families, who receive an “employment grant”, with parents selected through such a detailed profile: – age between 30 and 55 years old; – minimum schooling 9th year, preferably secondary education and training in the area of education; – experiences in daily management of care and teamwork; – personal availability, intense professional commitment with majority residency in the SOS Village; and, – determination, tolerance and perseverance; – resistance to frustration and conflict resolution; – flexibility: ability to adapt to different situations and individual characteristics; – communication and empathic skills.

Expression and understanding of the other’s feelings. – ability to work in team and organizational competence. It is not just a program for social families, it is a program for all families, but more importantly, besides being a social work, it is a source of income for families with the capacity to face the challenges of family education.

 

From Homeric times to barbarism

03 Jan

From the times of the epic romances of the Iliad and the Odyssey, to this ATroiaGregoday violence has been part of history, especially in Western civilization, which reads in the first verse of Iliad:
For many historians this is the founding work of Western civilization, where Alexander regards the cynical philosopher Diogenes who spent his life in a barrel, to whom he would have been told that if he were not an emperor, he would like to be like a filthy wanderer from Athens.
Petr Sloterijk will reconstruct (in our view) this cynicism and anger that are in an event to trace a fundamental part of his thinking in two founding works of his thought, the Critique of Cynic Reason (1983) and Ira and Tempo (2006) in Brazil by the Estação Liberdade, besides the first volume of the three of the Spheres.
In addition to cynicism and age do we want to launch the probability of the emergence of a new thought, in times of anger and cynicism, a sincere and universal solidarity that embraces the whole world, would be possible? perhaps, but not without human forces to propel it.
What humanism can be born or reborn today, since in our view the Renaissance was nothing more than a return to humanism with the help of classical antiquity, but neoliberalism and the Enlightenment took a different path.
To clarify the philosopher Byung-Chul Han in The Society of Cansaço (edited in Brazil by Voices 2017): “The society of fatigue and performance today has traces of a coactive society, each carries with it a field, a field of work . The specific characteristic of this field of work is that each one is both a prisoner and guardian, victim and tormentor, master and slave. We explore ourselves. “(Han, 2017, 115)
Politics has become cynical because what we want is what Saramago called “the colonization of the other,” I hope the other has the same opinion as his own, we enter into a field of psychopolitics, where coercion becomes all arms, and the same as for the method.
Dialogue is done with hypocrisy and proselytism, all we want is that “our truth” prevails, there is no hermeneutic, but only one method: coercion.
A global solidarity humanism does not have the strength to develop in this field, but only there can be our way out, ecology, ecology, politics and development will only develop on a world scale, where forces of economic coercion are controlled.

 

Veredas, where you can find them

14 Dec

Where danger lives, there is also what is saved”, wrote the German poet Hölderlin, and in one of his last “The Way” the visionary Edgar Morin gathered part of the thought dispersed by the reductionism and systematized one on the future of humanity reconnecting knowledge and defending fraternity.
He deals in the book of collective reconstruction of thought about society, through the concept of metamorphosis (a simultaneous process of self-destruction and self-reconstruction in an organization in which identity is maintained and transformed into otherness), which would be a new solidarity.
The French thinker wrote: “I feel connected to the planetary patrimony, animated by the religion of the one who reconnects, by the rejection of what it rejects, by an infinite solidarity …”, to reconnect knowledge, to admit complexity, to rediscover nature and also Love, wrote a beautiful book “Love Poetry Wisdom” (Piaget Institute, 1997) which also about the loss of his wife Edwige: the inseparable, saying “I am an eternal love.”
In speaking of modern man’s disenchantment, a reporter’s question on hope answers: “All crises – be it economic, social, political, ethical, cognitive – are only reflections of humanity’s greatest crisis, which is failing to become human. But we must resist disappointment and loss of faith in a new world, because a new way, a new way, is always possible. But hope does not mean certainty. We can not escape uncertainty. ”
We can then seek Veredas, find shortcuts to the new time, a new “advent.”

 

Veredas and the importance for life

13 Dec

The special paths in the formation of the Brazilian biomes is named Veredas, it isasVeredasMata where water table springs occur which, however small, will form the streams and streams that supply much of the rivers and allow clean and healthy water.
As the vegetation is of a bush, of moist soil making the earth generally darker behave like wrecks and filters retaining the organic feelings and thus filtering the water that arrives at the stream during the rains, the serious problem of the paths is the possibility of desertification.
The fauna has maned wolves, anteaters, snakes, fish and amphibians, more diversified birds, palm trees and coconut trees offer abundant fruit for larger birds, while rivers provide fish for some large birds as well as migrating birds.
So a path, besides being a hidden path are sources of life, who crosses it will not only find a great road, a great river, but the walk itself along a path offers a rich life and also a beautiful landscape.
Searching for paths during advent is not only part of true and sincere religiosity, but especially of those who seek humanized spaces of friends and co-workers who are sources of life and daily toil for those who have work

 

Between the public and private spheres

20 Jun

The term “public sphere”, popularized by the concepts developed by Transparency2Jünger Habermas (1929- ), especially in the book published in 1962, “Structural Change of the Public Sphere”, which is a translation for the German word, Öffentlichkeit, substantivation of the adjective öffentlich ). “Publicity”, which is also used in a certain way also as “making public” Publizität is in turn a term used to make public certain court debates.
The theme is again relevant not only to the situation in Brazil, but also to the use of “publicity” in both Trump’s campaign and Marie Le Pen’s campaign, in addition to countless cases of corruption allegations in Brazil and other countries in America America and the planet.
The general idea of ​​Habermas, roughly speaking, is that critical advertising is subverted by advertising / propaganda, where public opinion becomes manipulated both by the mass media and by party and administrative policies, but the term Should not be confused with the public / private difficulties of the state.
Subsequently Habermas relativized the term, because political and social experiences that denied a total depoliticization of the public sphere also show curious facts as a certain return to nationalism, and the question of public transparency is questioned.
What made Habermas later develop the idea of ​​the communicative action, consecrated in the book (in some editions like the English in two Volumes) “The theory of communicative action”, published in 1984, but what neglected that also there was needed a repair , Placing the question of the “new intransparency” where, while admitting utopian exhaustion, he sees a horizon where there is some fusion between utopian thought and historical consciousness.
Habermas cites the utopian scenarios of the Middle Ages: “Thomas Morus and his Utopia, Campanella with City of the Sun, Bacon with his New Atlantis,” its modernization in modern times by “Robert Owen and Saint Simon, Fourier and Proudhon rejected violent utopianism” , And there is an update with “Ernst Bloch and Karl Mannheim” which in Habermas’s view “purified the term’utopia ‘”, but neglects the analysis made of Manheim by Paul Ricoeur in courses made at the University of Chicago in 1975, which later became Book: “The ideology and the utopia”.
Ricoeur’s analysis shows that ideological distortion is based on considering only the symbolic structure of social life, generally viewed from the perspective of justifications and identifications of social groups, although necessary, is not enough to make projections for the future, where The use of transformative social innovations and agents is necessary.
HABERMAS, J. The new intransparency. In: New Studies CEBRAP, nº 18, set. São Paulo: Ed. Brasileira de Ciências Ltda,

 

MIT explain blockchain

14 Jun

The famous American Institute MIT explained on its website, objectively a BlockChain2set of technologies for digital money, objectively and clearly, here is a summary of the questions answered, the first of course is what the term means.

At a high level, blockchain technology allows a network of computers to agree at regular intervals on the true state of a distributed ledger,” says MIT Sloan Assistant Professor Christian Catalini, an expert in blockchain technologies and cryptocurrency. “Such ledgers can contain different types of shared data, such as transaction records, attributes of transactions, credentials, or other pieces of information. The ledger is often secured through a clever mix of cryptography and game theory, and does not require trusted nodes like traditional networks. This is what allows bitcoin to transfer value across the globe without resorting to traditional intermediaries such as banks.”

The prof. Christian Catalani of the Institute added: “The technology is particularly useful when you combine a distributed ledger together with a cryptotoken,”

The second obvious question is relation between BitCoin and BlockChain, in a recent paper, Catalini explains why business leaders should be excited about blockchain, it can save them money and could upend how business is conducted.

Every business and organization engages in many types of transactions every day. Each of those transactions requires verification. In many cases, that verification is easy. You know your customers, your clients, your colleagues, and your business partners. Having worked with them and their products, data, or information, you have a pretty good idea of their value and trustworthiness.

“But every so often, there’s a problem, and when a problem arises, we often have to perform some sort of audit,” Catalini says. “It could be actual auditors coming into a firm. But in many other cases, you’re running some sort of process to make sure the person claiming to have those credentials did have those credentials, or the firm selling you the goods did have the certification. When we do that, it’s a costly, labor-intensive process for society. The marketplace slows down and you have to incur additional costs to match demand and supply.”

“The reason distributed ledgers become so useful in these cases is because if you recorded those attributes you now need to verify securely on a blockchain, you can always go back and refer back to them at no cost.”

The paper and the paper are longer and clearer of course, but the purpose here was to reduce the technical issues a bit and explain the BlockChain tools.

 

Is there no digital economy?

20 Mar

The technophobes feed these besides other illusions, in fact they make money speaking DigitalEconomythis, but the digital economy already reached the $ 110 billion in 2014, only with the applications Uber, Airbnb and Kickstarter; Not to mention smartphones, tablets and laptops.

These three applications are expected to reach $ 1 trillion by 2017, which is higher than the GDP of many countries in the world and a third of the Brazilian, if we join all applications will probably be higher than our GDP.

Victor Reimann, just 25 years old and one of the partners of the developer and incubator of projects of collaborative economy Engage, with headquarters in Porto Alegre, clarifies that this economy “attracted people first by a need to optimize resources”.

Yuri Faber, creator of Zasnu, which offers a vehicle sharing service, says “The global recession has made people aware that collaborative consumption is good for lowering costs and good for everyone.”

I know in Berlin, Justice has already banned some services from Uber, also in Australia in the city of Melbourne, the city already fine drivers who receive money to transport passengers intermediated by the application, but in Brazil I know several friends who travel dividing the trip, and The number of people who do this will make any inspection impossible, after all they are not Uber cars or other services, of course you need to have a good car.

The Airbnb has hosted more than 120 thousand people during the World Cup, of course taking advantage of the speculation of the hotel network in addition to precarious services.

The digital economy will grow even more, and even those who make money speaking ill of it, could have their earnings computed as a digital economy, thus generating a curious paradox: speaking ill of the digital economy makes it grow in real numbers in this.