Arquivo para a ‘Calm Technology’ Categoria

Beyond the senses

22 Apr

By separating subjects (or what is subjective) from objects, Kant’s and Hegelian idealism creates a transcendence of their own to interconnect them and thus separates it from the ontological, from the being.
The way of the Enlightenment was settled, but there was a necessary complement for the discourse not to become very “religious”, Locke describes the human mind as a tabula rasa (A blank picture), where, through experience, the ideas, thus completing this.
The knowledge of physics, especially of astronomy, the use of mathematics helped to construct a “logical” world, but based solely on it, there were no longer the ontological, that is, proper to the being.
Subjectivity will appear in another way, George Berkeley’s radical empiricism, for example, only creates a current of subjective idealism, although it is distant in time, much of what is called “practice” today is this kind of subjectivity, still separate from the object.
What was for the empiricists a phenomenon, for Hume for example, was the simple reason that one phenomenon is always followed by another, causes them to relate to each other by a formula known as cause-effect, which generated in the days of today the empiro-criticism, a way to construct narratives from disconnected facts, or not always with the vision of the set of facts and then to understand the cause in fact.
Phenomenology more recently takes a different stance, the problem of “apparition” or “meeting things in themselves” (Husserl, 2008, p.17) and which will create an important contemporary current in opposition to positivism and neopositivism .
Thus, rather than restricting experimental analysis, phenomenology opens up to regions veiled by this method, seeking a comprehensive and non-explanatory analysis of phenomena.
Husserl’s phenomenology proposes a comprehensive analysis of consciousness, since all the experiences (Erlebnis) of the world occur in and by consciousness.
This is where the celebrated Husserlian definition of consciousness arises: “all consciousness is consciousness of something,” and this definition of consciousness is linked to the notion of intentionality which Husserl inherited from Franz Brentano but modified it.
Finally there are realities both physical and existence beyond our senses.
HUSSERL, E. The crisis of European humanity and philosophy (in portuguese). Porto Alegre; EDIPUCRS, 2008.
David Deutsch’s TED is just to understand that differents explanations about methods:


The first image of the Black Hole

11 Apr

But in reality it is much more than that, and the proof of the theory of relativity, the variation of space and time (considered absolute in modernity), with the supermacious black hole photo, in the Center of The M87 Galaxy was unveiled on Wednesday at six simultaneous press conferences in Brussels, Washington, Santiago, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo.
It is the result of a decade of effort, made in five countries by the members of the EHT’s Collaboration of the Horizon of Events (EHT), and the imaging was done by telescopes connected to satellites in various parts of the earth see figure) to compose the image. But a black hole does not emit light, what was the photographer then-what does the image show at all? its shadow that it causes in its bright neighborhood, these rays of light in the surroundings deviated and distorted by its intense gravitational field form the reddish tones.
At its frontier happens a horizon of events, marking the points where even the light gets sucked out of gravity, is 2.5 times smaller than the shadow projects it, and yet measures 40 billion km from one side to the other, being this called Monster.
A 29-year-old scientist was important in the team of 30 researchers who helped compose the image, she is Katherine Bouman, a postdoctoral student at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and developed the algorithm for imaging.
The explanation of black holes is in video follow:


What I learned from Portugal

04 Apr

I travel back to Brazil, already with great longing, it is always difficult to leave behind strong bonds that are built during life, I recognize that everything that thought of Portugal little stood, it is a fact that colonized Brazil, as it is also a fact which were the first great empire of modernity, an ability to fight and win as unique and commendable people.
Among the strong contacts I had with Portuguese culture I emphasize his love of culture, especially the music not only of fact but also popular and modern songs, his poetry and literature of Camões, Fernando Pessoa, Eça de Queiroz and many current as Saramago.
I highlight a man, a mystic and also a man of culture, who he knew at a glance, since he had read on the Web his book Repensar Portugal, which reads:
“Mystical people, but little metaphysical; lyric but little gregarious people; active but not very organized people; an empirical people, but a little pragmatic “, I emphasize” cohabiting people, but easily segregated by the arts of those who lead them “(Father Manuel Antunes, Repensar Portugal, 37).
His work is immense and includes Revista Brotéria, a whole work on education in his book Paidéia, influences that he maintains until today, at the Open University through Dr. José Eduardo Franco, who keeps alive his memory.
The revitalization of Lisbon, Oporto and small towns, here called villages, the eternal participation and preservation of the people of culture in the arts, cuisine, folklore and innumerable cultural centers, theaters and even TV programs dedicated to this.
I learned from this that there is a positive way of loving one’s own culture and fellow citizens, very different from an unhealthy, xenophobic and prejudiced nationalism. By the way, Portugal welcomes many peoples and nations and has curious connections with the Orient, such as Macau and Goa.
Lastly, I leave my gratitude, my love and my respect to the Portuguese people public, they are from now on my second homeland, chosen for love and reciprocity.
I leave this little video of Portugal for those who still do not know this beautiful country:


Another digital read

01 Apr

McLuhan in the 1960s (Understand Media) wrote about the transformation that the electronic era brought, however, the first integrated circuits (ICs, the chips that were in the bottom tiny transistors) just beginning to emerge, the first computer on the chip, the microprocessors only appeared in the 1970s.
The chips succeeded the Internet in the mid-1970s and the explosion of personal computers in the 1980s, only in 90 the Web was born, Lev Manovich was born in 1960.
His most influential book The language of new media was published in 2001 by MIT Press, as its name indicates is Russian, and his reflection goes beyond McLuhan because it speaks of the digital age, but as the name says it is with emphasis on language and analysis structures.
The author initially presents himself with his book, gives a presentation of Dziga Vertov’s Man with a Movie Camera (1929) to talk about the peculiarity of the new media, he is intelligent and daring his proposal since it goes from the word to the without losing sight of the language, his original question is What is new media?
What brought me closer to the book was the second chapter on interfaces, made in comparison to the cinema, in order to highlight the schemas of information organization (in a new sense, of course) and its role in today’s society, this is what called the book
What is technically called IHC (Human Computer Interaction), between the cinema and the printed word have a grammar (we say a syntax in computing) itself and without understanding it we run the risk of ignoring the interfaces with proper ownership, and that largely determine how the user (some thinkers also) relate to it, I make a metaphor, it would be like wanting to read a book thinking of it as having a mouse.
In 1993, he studied the origin of computational media and its relation with avant-garde art in the 1920s, we have already posited about Gustav Klimpt and others, finally worth reading.
Manovich, Lev. The language of new media. MIT Press, 2001.
The work of Gonçalo Marto made in the course of Communication Design of the Faculdade de Belas Artes em Lisboa (Faculty of Fine Arts of Lisbon) is good start:


Gustav Klimt: art and media

27 Mar

We have already said that the Des Lumières Gallery recently presented an immersive exhibition by Van Gogh and that its inaugural presentation had been the work of Gustave Klimt, which means his work, as well as being representative in the current Digital Arts and Media?
Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) was an Austrian symbolist painter and draftsman and one of the great names of art nouveau, but his fundamental characteristic was what was called the “Viennese Secession Movement”, that is to say the following a strong opposition to the classicism and academicism, and that despite alliance with symbolism in the arts, are at the same time something beyond our seeing.
But the work of Gustav Klimt, although united to an artist who opposed classicism, has a deeper rupture and, therefore, his art is easily shaped when the new arts and media are passed, for its complex plasticity and at the same time little static and linear.
That is why his work in the education of this French gallery linked to the new arts and media was timely and almost “natural” and will probably be a spearhead in digital art.
The creation of public murals with his art teacher emerged around the world, and at the age of 18 he was already producing many decorating works with his brother in his decorating studio.
His work began to gain notoriety already at a young age, and special to differentiate from others of the time, and diverse works emerged in its line and arrived at the new means.


Has the fig tree dried up?

22 Mar

The fig tree is a curious tree because it seems dry but it is not, it is its cycle, it goes from an almost dead appearance to a blooming and the production of fruits in its natural cycle of one year.

She is a good example for periods of crisis, apocalyptic and mainly pessimistic, but life goes on and she gives leaves, flowers and fruits.
I like the idea of flowering precisely because it is the middle of the path between leaves and fruits, is almost spring in Europe, while in Brazil the summer is ending.

When the fig tree dries the idea is to prune it, the Biblical metaphor is not always well read, it speaks of a winemaker (who produces grapes therefore), that when seeing the fig tree dry in the time of the fruits thinks about cutting it, but the employee says “‘Lord, leave the fig tree still this year. I’ll dig around it and put fertilizer. It may come to bear fruit. If it does not, then you will cut it, ‘” it is in Luke 13: 8.

Even in the religious interpretation, there is no shortage of those who see this fact in a Manichean and fundamentalist way, but if they read the passage, everything also speaks of the Tower of Siloam that fell on the workers, to say that it was a fatality, they were not being punished, nor was it the divine desire that this should happen.

It’s right up in the passage from Luke 13: 4, read carefully: “Do you think that they were more guilty than all the other inhabitants of Jerusalem? I tell you no.But if you do not convert, you will all die the same way.”.
That is, these things happen to change our life, our way of thinking and our vision. It is a dry fig tree moment in humanity, at the end of the summer in Brazil and at the end of winter in Europe, we must think with openness and greatness the future of humanity, yes the dried fig tree looks like it will not bear fruit, but the leaves will come and the flowers too, then finally the fruits will come, will fertilize the fig tree with a new and positive vision.
Using the fig tree, Tom Brimmer demonstrates that without faith, you’ll never bear fruit.


History of Literature

11 Feb

The book of Otto Maria Carpeaux (I Reading in the 2008 edition), begins with something instigating, and that I ascended to the reading of the work:
“I was in the office of Antônio Houaiss, in Rua São José, where the philologist directed the Encyclopedia Mirador Internacional. I had just arrived, had settled very timidly in a chair, afraid that it would result in an unfulfilled visit. Behold, a septuagenarian, a red silk tie, and a red-dotted list, burst forth in his office. You had a bundle of papers in your hands. He went to Houaiss with the intimacy of old friends. I do not remember if he called you by pre-name or last name. The truth is that he said:
“This is not true.” What is said here about Pharmacy is incorrect, “said to the Houaiss is not anyone.
The fact shows Carpeaux’s rigor, and reading literature is a good way of understanding history.
I thought clever way to start a book, which usually starts with self praise, the evil of the said world few cult are less than a genius, and those who in fact are think about their shortcomings and uncertainties.
Of course the above text is not from Otto Maria Carpeaux himself, but rather from him, the preface made by UnB doctor Ronaldo Costa Fernandes, which shows this relationship between Houaiss, famous for his dictionary and who gave enormous contributions to the orthographic reform.
Carpeaux was born in Vienna, with annexation of Austria fled to Belgium in 1938, and in 1939 arrived in Brazil, tells the book that already in 1955 “publishes a small bibliography of Brazilian literature. It was a daring act for those who were only a little more than a decade in Brazil and in contact with the literature of the new country in which they came to live “(page 21 of the preface), also cites his first work in Brazil: A cinza do purgatório (The ash of Purgatory), in 1942.
The collection was reissued in 1959 by O Cruzeiro editor, followed by several others by the Federal Senate (see one of the volumes I in pdf), now there is a new edition (2017), in 10 volumes, from Casa da Palavra, Brazil editor.


The illustrious house of Ramires, for sale

23 Jan

This novel in the more mature and also typical of Eça de Queiroz because it reflects his narrative technique in a rather archaic language, makes a well thought-out plot that brings aspects of twelfth-century Portugal, a heroic and even violent people, and other aspects of Portugal of the nineteenth century already with modern features.
The plot uses for this a surprising technique, using a twelfth-century tale, Portugal’s heroic period, and a nineteenth-century reality in contrast.
The young Gonçalo Ramires seeks through politics and travel to Africa to arrange life, after rebuilding his finances returns to Portugal and incorporating the structure and values of his ancestors, at this point Eça de Queiroz portrays the ancestors In Seculo XII lived Tructesindo Mendes Ramires, narrated as of integral spirit rigid and audacious and will revenge his son Lourenço who saw to die in the top of his tower in an ambush of Lopo de Baião, old boyfriend of the daughter and traitor of Ramires and the king Sancho I.
The story is somewhat revived by the young Ramires who sees the sister Gracinha Ramires who sees the ex-fianc2e accede to her and this ends up marrying the innocent Barolo, reliving the problem of his ancestors.
The house of Ramires exists in real life, including the famous Tower, and is in ruins and the sale is the news in Portugal, the Tower House Lagariça, in Resende (Portugal), northern Portugal in the region of Viseu, is the sale for values close to 1 million euros. I go almost every day to the Confectionery Cister, favorite place of Eça de Queiroz, close to where I work, earring that I can not find it there … but his soul and though is appear to live there.

Queiroz, Eça. The illustrious House of Ramires. translated by Margaret Jull Costa. New York, NY: New Directions Press, 2017.  (in portuguese epub, or pdf).


What crisis is this?

02 Jan

Undoubtedly, it is not only a crisis of the human being, it is also of what one thinks of as human, what many intellectuals call the “crisis of the humanities”, among those who call it “Martha Nussbaum.”
His formation in studies of literature and philosophy at NYU and Harvard, the text already published in Portuguese The Fragility of Goodness, original from 1986 and the version of Brazil in 2009, is in fact a revision of Greek thought classic.
He followed Love’s Knoledeg (1990), unedited in Portuguese, brought together essays by Plato, Aristoteles, and contemporaries Henry James and Samuel Beckett, then came Poetic Justive (1995) an unusual view of law, and Cultivating Humanity (1998 ) his political writings.
The crisis that is not today, which is not therefore of the digital world and much less of the electronic age (cinema, radio, TV and telecommunications) is in fact a crisis of thought that gave society an idealistic, pseudo-scientific and inhuman structure .
The author’s book, Nor for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities, 2010, by Princeton University Press, was the first attempt, but it is not yet a response to the crisis.
It is misleading to think that the Nussbaum camp is restricted to the US, knows India well, has worked in partnership with Amartya Sem, and has data from Germany, Sweden, and England.
Nussbaum’s privileged field of observation is not confined to the United States. He is well acquainted with India, where he develops systematic research work, some alongside Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, in addition to referring to generic data from Germany, Sweden and England.
He advocates a re-education in the Socratic style, his greatest success, since the old philosophy itself is already reviewed by the excluded third, the quantum principle (A and not A, there would be a third hypothesis), is no longer true.
In his work with the Indian educator Rabindranath Tagore, among many other authors, of diverse currents, like Rousseau, Dewey, Froebel, Pestalozzi, Alcott, Monstessori etc. makes the criticism that is always a general education, and does not say, but fundamentally idealistic.
He argues above all that philosophy must be useful (it is not utilitarian) and borders the exoteric.
Her latest book The Monarchy of Fear: A Philosopher’s Look at Our Political Crisis is an x-ray of the current crisis of the advance of conservatism.
The idea of creating the human being for utilitarianism, for production and economics, has corrupted the humanist base and created a dehumanized and cold hecatomb, of course, it does not fail to have conservative critics, but contrary to vulgar philosophy is erudite and with clear ideas.


Black Mirror: its is experience bandersnatch?

29 Dec

The movie-event’s launching expectation, in fact a false iteration to the public as there are only 5 possible endings for Stefan, the main character. Let’s go back, the Black Mirror TV series produced by Charlie Brooker in 2011 for British TV has obscure, suspicious and even satirical bids with the new technologies and for those who know the origin of the problems of modernity, little plunges deep into its crisis.
Netflix bought the series and divided it into 12 chapters, watched enough of them to see the dark and pessimistic side of new technologies, after all they’ve linked the world and even critics do not give up on handsets and applications that are important to the ubiquitous society. Returning to the film, it was released yesterday on Netflix and has 5 possible endings for the main character Stefan who at one point confuses reality and unreality (virtual is something else).
The possible endings for the movie released yesterday are: the more realistic is that Stefan discovers that the PAC (Program and Control) is a program done by the father who has used it since childhood, and is thus monitored by his father and his therapist the time all this is possible without any PAC.
The second “interactive” ending he discovers was the death of his mother in childhood, in an accident that the train was derailed and that he was not for having forgotten his plush rabbit and with this having missed the train, the rabbit had been hidden by the father, but possible and the PAC?
The third possible ending, Stefan’s father dies, but instead of bury him, choice decides to cut him to pieces, the young man manages to escape the accusations and ends the Bandersnatch game, bizarre and improbable.
In the final room Stefan shouts that someone is controlling it, there may appear on the screen of some users the Netflix logo (sic pure merchandising), when choosing Stefan’s computer begins to explain what is Netflix and there is almost a break of a fourth wall, who’s watching says he’s controlling Stefan, it’s a pass the ball to the public.
Following more or less the same steps as before, Stefan instead of fighting with the therapist, chooses to jump out the window, but in the end Stefan is an actor and receives the credits of it.
They say that there are other endings, but the fallacy is that the world of new technologies would be a form of control, now balls Nietzsche already complained of the control of society many before the movies, TV and new media, big brother is the state and the play of interess is the game.