Arquivo para a ‘on-line libraries sharing’ Categoria

Forgive me Todorov!

10 Feb

I discover only today, who died on February 7 of this year in Paris, Tzvetan AConquistaDaAmericaOutroTodorov, philosopher and literary critic bulgáro, little known, but not less important for our century.
I have as his strongest phrase, one that made him a prophet of the invasion of Islam in Europe, he said long before the emigration crisis: “We can measure our degree of barbarity or civilization by how we perceive and welcome others, the different . ”
An interview he gave in France (Radio France Culture, 2009), helps to see this prophecy of Todorov: “” I wrote my first book of History of Ideas, which is called ‘We and the Others’. It was a work on the plurality of cultures analyzed from the point of view of the French tradition. I studied authors from Montaigne (…) to Levi-Strauss. I have tried to see how these authors treated this difficult question for us today: the unity of humanity and the plurality of cultures. In this series of authors, I discovered that the ones I felt closest to were the humanists. ”
In Brazil, he gave an interview to the Borders of Thought in 2012, in which he stated: “I realized that, as a historian and essayist, I took advantage of literature more than literature studies, and read novels, poetry, and Different histories than literary analyzes or written theses on literature, which seem to me nowadays to be directed almost exclusively to other specialists in literature. While the novel interests everyone, and I feel closer to everyone than the experts. ”
His most famous books are: The conquest of America: the question of the Other, São Paulo, SP: Martins Fontes, 1982 (pdf), The Man Uprooted. São Paulo: Editora Record, 1999, The Fear of the Barbarians: beyond the clash of civilizations. Petrópolis: Editora Vozes, 2010, The Intimate Enemies of Democracy. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2012, Life in common: essay on general anthropology. São Paulo: Unesp Publishing House, 2014.
Lesser known books, but no less important: I consider a classic the book Theories of the symbol. São Paulo: Editora Unesp, 2014, Symbolism and interpretation. São Paulo: Unesp Publishing, 2014 and Theory of literature: texts of the Russian formalists. São Paulo: Unesp Publishing House, 2013.
He died at age 77, in the city of Paris, was born in march 1st , Sofia, Bulgarian in 1939, though considered within the structuralist chain, without thought transcended it and is one of our important contemporaries to be read.
I share with her the idea that both fascism and Stalinism stem from the idea that we have been giving it powers over citizens, who have difficulty controlling it.
He received in 2008 the Prince of Asturias Award for Social Sciences, according to the document for representing “the spirit of unity of Europe, East and West, and commitment to the ideals of freedom, equality, integration and justice.”


Neither sun neither death

01 Feb

What we see with Trump, British Conservative thought (BRExit) andComandar French (elections this year with even the extreme right chances to come to power), can in economic terms mean a return to the Wealth of Nations period (classic work of Adam Smith In the year 1776), but there are other possible analyzes and Sloterdijk is one of them.

I read and had to paralyze the reading of the Critique of Cynical Reason for the forcefulness of the work, but gradually I returned realizing that its main endeavor was a critique of “false consciousness” of the Habermasian theory, and I also see it now as the best post -frankfurtians, a post-Marxist school born in the USA that influenced the 60’s (Marcuse, Erich Fromm and others), also lead years not only in Brazil, but in the East and in much of Europe, see the demonstrations in Paris.

In the late 1980s Peter Sloterdijk launched Critique of Cynical Reason, two decades after going to the Indica to study Eastern philosophy, he followed in an up-to-date fashion the steps of Schopenhauer (1788-1640) and Niesztche (1844-1900), and with philosophical works equally “post-illuminist” and critics of modern rationalism.

Now his readers’ interest is in his books on politics and globalization in his trilogy of the already published in portuguese Spheres I: Bubbles, work of 1998; and the next releases in Portuguese is Spheres II: Globes, and after Spheres III: Foams, he was writed in 2004.

In Neither Sun nor Death, Sloterdijk respond his fellow german writer Hans-Jurgen Heinrichs, commenting on issues such as technology mutation, media development, communication technologies.

Also has a good introduction to Sloterdijk´s thinking abourt theory of globalization, and a good critique of the neo-illuminism french currents represented by Giles Deleuze, Paul Virilio and Gabriel Tarde, and also makes connections with heidegger and the indian mystic Osho Rajneesh.








The inflated community

02 Jan

The book in the Brazilian translation of Sphere I – Bubbles, here in 2016, in Germanybolhasmenino in 1998 (Spheren I: Blasen), talks about the Introduction of inspiration for bubbles, but the whole title is: THE ALLIES or the Inspired Community (the capital letter is Of the author), but I reversed the analysis to follow as the author writes.

The title has several spherical inspirations, but the most important is the G.H. Every, from 1887, Bubles, an oil painting of Sir John Everett Millais (1829-1896), where the author speaks of the oval balloon made by his “insufflator” and in the time that of life of a bubble, accompanies the life that Let it escape until it burst “at the same time a sigh and an exclamation of jubilation”.

The bubble, the object created, and its “insufflator, there is a solidarity that excludes the rest of the world” (Sloterdijk, 2016, p.20), and “exist together in a field strained by attentive sympathy.”

But gradually he outlines the purpose of this metaphor, “the child who follows his soap bubbles in the open space is not a Cartesian subject clinging to his or her locus of thought without extension, to observe an extensive thing in its trajectory in space” (ibidem) , In a clear reference to the Cartesian dichotomy between the thing and the extensive thing (res extensa).

Thus raises his first questions: “and what happens to who is not the breath of anyone? Every life that emerges is individualized, is it as such contained in a sympathetic breath? “(Sloterdijk, 2016, 21), the author goes to Schopenhauer’s question:” is it legitimate to think that everything that exists and is thematized would be wrapped in the care of somebody? ” (Idem).

The question you are asking is a reference to Heidegger: what do we mean when we say we are in the world? But it actualizes and reformulates it using the question of necessity: “In fact, necessity is known (Schopenhauer called it the metaphysical necessity) that everything that belongs to the world or to the being as a whole is contained in a breath, as In an indelible sense. Can this need be fulfilled? Can it be justified? “(Sloterdijk, 2016, 21).

Before arriving at the central point of its outline, modernity will ask the question which is a direct reference to Ludwig Wittegestein’s Logical-Philosophical Treaty: “Who first conceived the idea that the world would be absolutely nothing more than the soap bubble Of a breath that encompasses everything? What exterior would belong, then, all that is the case? “(Idem).

The question of modernity and its allies is outlined, which is why I left it for later.

SLOTERDIJK, Peter – Esferas I: Bolhas, Ed. Estação Liberdade, 2016. (Brazilian edition).


Books to I read in 2017

27 Dec

I already have 2 books in my stack: Spheres I: Bubbles by Peter Sloterdijk andbolhas Truth and Method (Wahrheit und Methode), the work of Otto-Hans Gadamer of greatest impact, where he tries to answer Heidegger’s question: “Where are we when we say we are in the world?”.
In Bubbles, the first of the Spheres trilogy, Peter Sloterdijk, just published in Brazil, offers a philosophical-existential inquiry to the question question of Heidegger, but also says about man and his relationship with his fellowmen and his surroundings, from the notion Of “intimate spaces” like “bubbles”, are we stuck in “bubbles” that are our “closed” circles?
Motivated by the economic climate, self-help must give way to more “psychological” books and alternative health issues, perhaps you can read two of the best-selling lists: psychologist Angela Duckworth’s work for educators, athletes, and even businesses, Where it indicates talent, it takes passion and perseverance for conquest: Claw – the Power of Passion and Perseverance, is already well sold and can bomb in 2016.
In the line of health care, the well-known Drauzio Varella gives signs that will bomb now in the books: Word Of Doctor – Science, Health And Lifestyle, where he gives tips of very recent discoveries of medicine and says how to take good health, without “fads”.
Of course there can always be surprises, someone better to explain the confused global situation of turning to patriotic and populist conservatism, new questions about ecology and someone who points optimistically toward the future.

Martin Gayford has been art critic, and Michelangelo – his epic life, is translate to portuguese in 2016, but its book is to year 2013.


What was good to read in 2016

26 Dec

I talked a lot about books about Hermeneutica, the Other and issues of politicsadvertise and ethics that bombed in 2016, but there are less “dense” and equally good books, they are easy readings that can help a lot of people, the first one is by Mario Sérgio Cortella : Why do we do what we do? Short, cheap and very interesting.

What does the pleasure of everyday life take away from us? Lack of time for everything? Do you have a purpose for life? Seems self-help, but it is not, it is a very practical philosophy book, without “theories”.
Cheap and very simple is also Anxiety and Self-control, from the well-known and brazilian famous writer Augusto Cury, gives important tips on the stress of our lives and how anxiety is generated, I liked it mainly because it demystifies the fact that it would be too much or too much information, the problem Is “self-control”, we do a lot in the momentum.

My third place is in reverse order, because I always need deeper books was the girl on the train: audacious and very intelligent, tells the story of Rachel that every day trains to London, one day she follows a couple and discovers that the Young is missing, goes to politics and tells everything, ah turned movie yes, it’s what was in the poster, but did not see, the author is Paula Hawkings, she changed as I see my day to day and the people next door.

My second place is Peter Kreeft, it was a discovery almost at random, but it did me very well, he does philosophy Socratic fashion, this is dialogue, I read the Best Things in Life, see my post, and Socrates meets Hume, there are others to read.
The first and last on this list was Edgar Morin’s book: Where Does The World Go? The book is old, but this 2016 turn to nationalism and conservative thinking seemed timely, according to François L’Yvonnet’s preface, Morin “resists any blessed reconciliation or optimism” and proposes a “planetary humanism, An awareness of ‘Homeland’ as the community of destiny of origin of doom ‘(be my post and the following).

My stack for 2017 is ready, but events always divert my reading.



Machado and the literary canon

21 Dec

I have always found insufficient the analysis of Machado de Assis, it was necessary to look machadoat an educated Machado and like any good intellectual capable of influencing, without losing his Brazilian, mulatto and great brazilian author.
The author Sonia Netto Salomão, wrote the book released this year Machado and the literary canon (Eduerj, 434 pp.,2016), she is Brazilian, but is a professor at the University of Rome La Sapienza, and deepened her studies in the Italian context Of Rio de Janeiro in the second half of the nineteenth century, with a strong influence of Dante, Machiavel, Leopardi and emphasized his condition of frequent spectator of operas and dramatic theater in Rio de Janeiro, and the strong Italian influence in the book Dom Casmurro.
This analysis is going to go unnoticed for some time, because we oscillate in a good part of the national mentality, or by a European xenophobia (the American is worse), without realizing our strong European influences, or by an uncritical adherence of foreign readings being unable to see the nuances Of adherence in the national culture of Western thought.
The book costs around $ 60.00 (U$ 16)  and was published by editor Eduerj in 2016.


Aesthectic of Hegel

12 Aug

I was interested in studying the issue of religion in Hegel, motivatedHegelen by the book of Paul Ricoeur “Lectures on Ideology and Utopia” (1986), and also the question of Misericordy and Fraternity which came to be published in a book about “Misericórdia e Fraternidade” made by a group of brazilian´s intellectuals willing to put a scholarly light on the papal´s  Bull “Misericordiae vultus” launched in connection with the Jubilee year of Misericordy in Catholic Church.

I come across a quote in an old volume of Hegel thinkers collection on the aesthetic: “For us, art is no longer the highest form that the truth chooses to assert its existence” (p. 126), and more ” in the hierarchy of the means used to express the absolute, religion and stemmed culture of reason hold the highest degree, higher than the art “(p. 43) and then a near death sentence:” the present tense conditions not they are favorable to art “(p. 44).
But then it would not be appropriate to ask: what kind of art has survived, or rather aesthetic we can say that is the aesthetic of today? I see two answers only outlined a paraphrased Hegel himself is from the “truly real,” although this separate the sensible reality and the reality of art, and the second existential: because you can not order the death of art since even in the silence of our existence, it remains alive inside of poets, artists and singers, although mambembes (popular circus) are there.

What is limited to Hegel, since “is a representation of a meaning that is not conjugated with the expression, the representation remains always a difference between idea and form” (p. 101), but which at the bottom is the idealist problem of art.

The idea that it is possible to abstract from reality the sublime, as if it were non-existent in the sensitive representation is contrasted by its “existence” since art expresses Being even nonexistent and paradoxically, because if there is an expression, it is sensitive, that is their condition of existence.

We are required to agree with Hegel: “To make the proper matter, will be up to the monstrous, disfigures to form, it is produced the grotesque” (idem), but all these traits posed by Hegel are but his denial of sublime, the attempted destruction of art and beauty, which confirm the existence “in the depths of all that, in art, can be entitled to call harmonious, the absurd and contradictory survives” (Adorno, T., Theory Aesthetics, p. 130).


Hegel, G. W. Aesthetics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973. (for download) (pages of the  brazilian edition).


Software textbooks

27 Jun

Resources for production and teaching materials in public education can betextbooks reduced, that is proven in 38 faculties there called “Community” in 13 states, covering a universe of 76,000 students in 13 states.


The cases analyzed and quoted in the Washington Post, is the Maryland and six other Viginia, where prices of textbooks rose 82% between 2003 and 2013, that there is three times the inflation rate and so it is a real increase price.


The OpenStax software, an organization and non-profit free software introduced open-source textbooks with peer review, it is estimated that saved more than $ 66 million to about 700,000 students, more than half of these last year.
Although some students who frequent these community colleges  in a maximum of four years, programs focused in two years, are reaching the dream of going to college, not only in paid schools, but others can take courses with a high level, in less time, where the teaching material is essential.




(Português) Reforma política: qual democracia

02 Jun

Sorry, this entry is only available in Brazilian Portuguese.


Merchant of Venice and Brazil

27 May

OMercadorVenezaThe Merchant of Venice is work most controversial and talked of Shakespeare done in the late 1500s, a period of discoveries and our view of the Renaissance decadence and early idealistic project of modernity, is also the period that Jews are expelled from England (1290-1655).


The merchant is therefore a typical caricature of the time, which sparked controversy and gave a major highlight of Shakespeare, is a villain, a Jew named Shylock, a type somewhat despicable, whose victim Christian Antonio, citizen successful Venice, which lends money to a bankrupt nobleman named Bassanio, who wants to marry Portia, a beautiful heiress who lives on the continent in Belmonte.


Antonio, however should get the loan with Shylock, owner of a fleet of ships, which is to place as collateral a pound of flesh.


His friend Antonio agrees to lend you the capital required for him to travel to Belmonte on the mainland, where he lives Portia. Antonio is a merchant, his fortune is invested in a fleet of merchant ships in foreign waters. Then he makes a loan from Shylock, a Jewish mercenary who agrees to lend the money since Antonio commit a pound of his own flesh as collateral. Bassanio comes Belmonte and learns that to win the hand of Portia will have to undergo a test involving three chests left by the girl’s father before he died.


Thanks to a trick of Portia he does well, but soon after the wedding comes the news that Antonio boats wrecked and he lost all his fortune, with his life now in the hands of Shylock. Bassanio then back to Venice as Portia architect a plan to save Antonio and Bassanio test the love for her.


The rich girl Portia are the national wealth, Anthony and his friend Bassanio are politicians to be in power stop living from the beautiful girl heritage, Shylock are corrupt businessmen and lobbyists who committed the national political system providing “services”.


In Brazilian parable Portia, can mean the people and justice, is a plan to test Bassanio, if your love for her is true, it means giving power to “love” his people.