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Arquivo para a ‘Digital Midia’ Categoria

The technique and the current crisis

04 Sep

What is problems about technique, greek techné and question in Heidegger, but what others thinkers say about this.
It’s not a new question, but growing two extremes technophilia and technophobia make me think it’s urgent, we always use techniques, we’ve said, but what happens when even one of my favorite philosophers, Byung Chul Han seems all be convinced that it was the technique and not the man himself that led us to lack of light.
We said Heidegger’s fundamental thought, but what other thinkers said, Levy-Strauss after saying that the Nhambiquaras Indians were so primitive that they didn’t even have technique, contradicts themselves by saying that as primitive as society is, there is always technique.
Ortega Y Gasset will say that the early stage of the technique was “chance technique”, assuming that this stage of instrument making did not differ from many of its natural acts, I would say for example that it might think of a stone to break fruits and hard foods or something similar, however the important stage is the “manufacture”.
The Kantian way to which Cassirer is faithful writes an essay “Form and technique” (1930), in which he analyzes the specific essence of technique as symbolic form, as well as its relations with other symbolic forms: myth, art, science and the ethical cosmos, its worldview of Kantian perfectionism and transcendence, is its Enlightenment worldview.
Cassirer are made clearer in the book “The State Myth” (1946) where it explains the construction of totalitarian ideology by the fusion of technique and myth, stating that the genealogy of the Aryan myth and the techniques of manipulation worked in this regard.
In the same vein, but in a more up-to-date logic, Oswald Spengler, who was a big bestseller in the 1930s, when he wrote The Decline of the West, addressed the subject in his “The Man and the Technique,” turning homo lupus homini to to say that he uses technique as a means of domination (so many others say) Thomas Hobbes’s adage almost again justifies the authoritarian state in the cycle of the eternal return of idealists, prisoners in time.
The abandonment of the question of Being, the eternal return to the problems of the state, authoritarianism, now of corruptions and the desecration of the state, want to understand that it is surrounded by a layer of technique, yes and no, because technique is not indifferent. potentiate death, such as gunpowder, cannons, battle tanks, and atomic bombs, and now “autonomous” machines, but the man who builds and manipulates them with “intentionality” is man.
September is yellow September, the fight against suicide can be nothing but a fight against a growing phenomenon, which means first the “human emptiness”, its little understanding of its essence as Being and as relationship with the human beings.
Others and Nature, closure in self or us, when this is just a mirror, does not point to exits. Edgar Morin is very aware that the crisis has several problems, and one of them is the crisis of thought, it is still far from being faced (there is translation in English, set it):

 

The work of Lev Manovich

02 Apr

The what differentiates Manovich from other discourses is his understanding of computer language and his study of interfaces, this was reflected in his works such as the one presented at the Chelsea Art Museum in New York, the Finnish Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie in Karlsruhe, at The Walker Art Center (Minneapolis) and at the Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma (Helsinki).
He has received numerous awards such as the Guggenheim Fellowship and the Digital Cultures Fellowship (University of California, Santa Barbara) and has been a reference professor of digital art at the California Institute of the Arts and the University of Arts and Design (Helsinki) and Arts Center Hong Kong), with a universal vision, therefore.
Without ignoring conventional readings and media, he shows that the reformulations of the categories for analysis of the current models function as a sort of genealogical map of the new media (I would say anthropological, but I understand the perspective of the author), where he seeks to sketch the possibilities and perspectives of the future.
In this way, both the perspective of the computer and its productive potential appear to be linked to its work as mediator of culture.
It appears in Manovich’s text: “Each stage in the history of computer media presents its own aesthetic opportunities as well as its own projection of the future: in short, its own ‘research paradigm’ “(Manovich, 2001).
And it points to the future by saying that some techniques: “At a later stage, these paradigms will be modified or even abandoned.
In this book, you wanted to the “new media research paradigm, during its first decade, before it falls asleep in invisibility,” which is where the ideas of interfaces should break.

The good self-presentation is this keynote: Museum without Walls: Using Big Cultural Data to Re-think Cultural History – Lev Manovich, in The Graduate Center, City University of New York, see the vídeo:

 

 

The truth in times of crisis

31 Jan

The new hermeneutic consciousness, the chance to establish dialogue between concepts, make man more vulnerable to a crisis of thought, is more orthodox and predisposition to an intolerance, a truth of the Monarchy of Fear how to define Martha Nussbaum in his new book , favorite us in dictatorships and extremes.
But what is this new consciousness? defines Hans Georg-Gadamer thus: “Hermeneutic consciousness, which must be awakened and kept awake, recognize that in the age of the philosophy of science, the claim of superiority has something chimerical and unreal about it.” (Gadamer, 1975)
And he inclines: “But the will of man who is farther than ever, more than the former sensation, a point of becoming a utopian or eschatological sensation, a hermeneutic consciousness of finding with this will something true of the recording: which is still and never more real. ” (Gadamer, 1975)
That is, an a-lethe, not forgetting. The focus of subjectivity in the face of objectivity is a true dark window: “The focus of subjectivity is a brilliant upheaval.” (Gadamer, 1975).
Self-consciousness is Individual case is only a closed movement of historical life, remembering that self-consciousness is the great Hegelian construct in relation to the historical rule. What happens to history is that we put them in more than the crisis of idealistic and scientific thought, or the neo-positivist methods are there, phronesis.
For Gadamer, Phronesis, the tailary practice, emerging between ethos and the logos, directed for higher and one third year to excluded between the I and us.
Gadamer says: “Understanding is not something that tries to intercept what one wants to say when one asks oneself about what is happening?”  (Gadamer, 1975), in of the common horizons and reorganizes the discourse.
This is very difficult today, but not impossible, if there is a minimum of trust between two discourses, but positive science, dogmatism, fundamentalism and other isms do not admit this, are entrenched in their “self-consciousness” arrogating practical (it is empirical in general) or collective (closed circles).

Gadamer, H.G. (1975) Truth and Method. Continuum. EUA: 1975 (pdf)

 

Golden Globe Winners 2019

07 Jan

It was surprising, but not so much, we had already pointed out Bohemian Rhapsody, which tells the story of Fred Mercury and Queen as a possible winner, and part of the surprise is for the other big winner “Green Book: The Guide”, with more number of three awards: Best Picture – Musical or Comedy, Best Screenplay and Best Supporting Actor in Movies, for actor Mahershala Ali.
Bohemian Rhapsody was the best actor for Rami Malek and best drama film, but the film “Roma” also featured as the best foreign language film and Alfonso Cuarón with director who seems to follow a new school of good Mexican directors, Guillermo del Toro of the water, remember?) and Alejandro González Iñárritu (directed Birdman and The Revenant).
We said in a previous post that the forgotten “The First Man” about the first man to step on the Moon Neil Amstrong, gave Justin Hurwitz a better soundtrack.
Mary Poppins was left with nothing, but the millionaire box office of the film should make the Academy give some figurine to the film, can wait.
Best animation expected for “Ralph wifi” was for “Spider-man into the spider-verse”, I need to see and try to understand this award, for sure there is something not visible at first sight, is happening in theaters here in Brazil so I’ll see.
Now best actor for Richard Madden in “Bodyguard” film series, only by John David Washingotn’s non-competition from “BlacKkKlansman” who competed in the best drama category, and Lin-Manuel Miranda, actor in “The Return of Mary Poppins ” in other actor category.
Two injustices, the fact that “Infiltrate in Klan” was without any prize, should be remembered in the Oscar and best actress Olivia Colman in “The favorite” perhaps an influence of being very awarded in Europe, as in the Venice Film Festival where the film stole the scene.
The series “The Assassination of Gianni Versace: American Crime Story” that gave best actor for Darren Kiss (appearances in Harry Porter) seems to open a tendency for morbid films about violence of last year’s award winning “Three posters by the side of the road” personally do not like.

 

Movies in 2018

27 Dec

Among those I’ve seen, of the best dramas “Infiltrado na Klan” (name in Brasil), whose name in Portugal is the original Blackkksman and Bohemian Rapsody are worth mentioning, besides they are indicated “Black Panther” and “If Beale Street Could Talk” that is in my list for see, and “A star is born.”
From what I actually saw in the movie of black cop Ron Stallworth (John David Washignton) who in 1978 managed to infiltrate the Ku Klux Khan, deserves the award for best film, perhaps the best consolation film for best actor.
Bohemian Rapsody boomed for Fred Mercury’s comments on homosexuality, however I find exaggerated the context of the film is to show his successful Queen band of the 1970s when the issue of Fred Mercury’s life was poorly commented and the band praised was more controversial, for example , the dismissal of Bryan Singer replaced by Dexter Fletcher.
Among the nominees for best comedy or musical, “Podres de ricos” is good comedy and “The Return of Mary Poppins” is bad musical, but I tell kids, they will like it, Green Book: The guide and “Vice” are second line , if winning will be a surprise. Lady Gaga has a curious cast as an actress, but it’s better to be a singer, as Glenn Close in “The Wife” and Melissa McCarthy “Can Your Ever Forgive Me?” yet the always-remembered Nicole Kidman “Destroyer” and Rosamund Pike in “A Private War.”
For best comedy or musical actress, Emily Blunt in “The Return of Mary Poppins” is a beard, but there may be surprises with Olivia Colman in “The Favorite” and Constance Wu in “Rich Rotters.”
Bradley Cooper directed “Born a Star”, Alfonso Cuaron of “Roma”, Spike lee of “Infiltrate in the Klan”, Peter Farrelly “Green Book: the Guide”, and the good director Adam McKay “Vice”.
Damien Chazelle (la la land), who describes the first steps of the man on the moon Neil Armstrong (played by Ryan Gosling), and develops unknown details of Amstrong as the loss of the daughter, showing from the existential even the human desire to overcome oneself in search of the unknown.
Ah yes was remembered for Justin Hurwitz’s best original track, a consolation.
There are many other indications, of course, but I stop here for my highlights, let’s wait for the Oscars, but the Golden Globe gives good tips.

 

Missing Dialogue

22 Oct

There were no dialogues, there were still abysses, and we were not always clear, there were no clearings, but abysses, few safe bridges, and much lack of love and disrepute.
Brazilian writer Elisa Lucinda says: “My literature is full of this subject of injustice in the world, love as a great antidote is one of my favorite themes” (Interviews Dialogues, Itaú Cultural, 2017).
He wrote about Fernando Pessoa: “The Knight of Nothing”, along with Rubem Alves: “The Poetry of the Encounter”, about its fullness in “Vozes guardadas”, are the ones I know, but there are others in my pile for when the leave space for the pleasant ones.
Elisa Lucinda is an actress, singer, journalist, teacher, singer and poet, little known by the mainstream media, even by committed and conscientious people, but it is an “unprecedented binge”, as she likes to refer to her books, loves and revere.
It makes the most beautiful, unprejudiced and authentic defense of the books: “Children go to school and leave without knowing that book is art, that writer is an artist, unaware that when they love Harry Potter, Snow White and Sun Quixote in the movies, this was all a book. ”
In a time of absent dialogue it is good to remember this brilliant writer, who wrote in the latest fashion book:
“In the sweet seas and in the difficult waters of the raw life, my joy continues, continues.
Stripped of guns and fears, I’m more beautiful naked”, writing Elisa.
If many are afraid, if the news is harsh and unhealthy, we will not be silent or afraid because we will pluck fear out of our hearts and fight the madmen in the streets.
There are no bridges, they erect walls, close doors and talk about darkness, as for us, we keep searching for clearings

 

 

 

Revolutionary method for videos

19 Sep

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a method that without human intervention modifies a video content from one style to another. The method is based on a data processing known as Recycle-GAN that can transform large amounts of video making them useful for movies or documentaries.

The new system can be used for example to color films originally in black and white, some already made like the one shown in the video below, but the techniques were expensive and needed a lot of human effort during working hours.

The process arose from experiences in virtual reality, which in addition to the attempts to create “deep falsities” (altering objects or distorting contents, could appear a person inserted in an image, without it was allowed, in everyday scenes almost always happens this and much people do not accept.

“I think there are a lot of stories to tell,” said Aayush Bansal, a Ph.D. student at the CMU Robotics Institute, who said of a film production that was the main motivation to help design the method, he said, allowing that the films were produced faster and cheaper, and added: “it is a tool for the artist that gives them an initial model that they can improve,” according to the CMU website.

More information on method and videos can be found at Recycle-Gan website.

 

 

Brief history of the lie

11 Sep

People always tell stories in a way that their story seems a little better than it is, understand story with h are not those of the books, but the facts for which there are artifacts, which in law is called instrumental proof.
One could go in classical antiquity, where we would find Diogenes to look for an honest man with a flashlight, I would say today In times of partisanship, which seem more fanciful football fanatics or some kind of fundamentalist belief, the truth is distorted everywhere, the recent fact in Brazil of the Bolsonaro stab had from conspiracy theories of a poorly executed crime, to whoever defended that it was all a staging, this said by intellectuals … amazing.
In recent history I find the thinker and poet of the Spanish Modernism António Machado y Ruiz, who wrote La verdad is also invented, so fake news are older, what has changed now is that intellectuals of little notoriety and ignorant people can also do so, and with it to gain a false reputation, but it is in fact notoriety.
Antonio Machado y Ruiz and encounter three very interesting phrases: “Never lose contact with the ground because only then will you have an approximate idea of ​​your height”, and “if it is good to live, it is better to dream, and the best is to wake up” , but we should always wake up and sometimes this requires pruning, cuts would say, that the more mature the deeper.
I remember Cecilia Meirelles’s phrase: “I learned from the primroses to let myself be cut and to return always in full,” I also remember the Poem by Mário de Andrade, The Valuable Time of the Mature.
In the novel The Less Traveled Way, Scott Peck makes a statement to think: “It may seem less objectionable to fool the rich than the poor, but it is a mistake. Under the law, there are differences between committing a fraud in a business, handing over the fake income statement, using scrapbooks on a test, or saying at home that you stayed to work late when you are unfaithful. It is true that some mistakes are worse than others, but in reality they are not all lies and betrayals, “he would say in politics, to” believers.”
I remember once again Antonio Machado y Ruiz: “It is proper for men of medium-sized heads to invest against everything that does not fit in their heads,” those who invest the most against others have dogmatic truth, medium wisdom (if any) and arrogance to pounds.
I continue to invest in education that is neither dogmatic nor pragmatic, but the hermeneutics of the one who always doubts and is always open to the thought of the Other.

 

Why it is important to read Sloterdijk

29 Aug

I informed in the last post that besides the spheres of Sloterdijk, I have my own sphere, borrowed from Teilhard Chardin: the Noosphere. I read Sloterdijk´s Spheres only I that was published in Portuguese, of the others I have comments of the own author and of his readers and interpreters, 
An answer I read recently from an interview with him gave me an important synthesis of my closeness to his thinking, when asked about what he expected from the academic world, he said ceremonially, “From the 19th century onwards (let’s think of Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer or Nietzsche), the world of philosophers is divided between those who, like me, seek an alliance with the media of their time (at that time, literature, today the press, radio and television), and those who do not do it, betting on the classic link between university and book publishers as their only cognitive biotope, “among many things I read, this is the coolest.
I do not bet on the media of social networks, blogs like the one I write to ten years, by fad or affirmation of my thinking, but because I think it is important to dialogue with what is now media, I refused some time, for example, to Twitter who is impulsive and angry.
Another point of contact is his view of the comfort zone, in the same interview published in the Folha São Paulo 2003 space Mais+, but which I randomly found on a website to re-read what influenced me at the time, which made me soon buy the book : Rules for the Human Park, published by brazilian Estação Liberdade, at the turn of the millennium, but soon stopped reading.
I only came back years later alerted by a student to the importance of his thinking.
This point of security, therefore, is not a zone of comfort, explains: “We are thinking how the human being architect the security of its existence. How does he live? How do you prevent future eventualities and catastrophes? How do you defend yourself? How do you integrate into your cultures, understood as communities of struggle? It is a paradigm shift: from philosophy to a general immunology, “that is, we seek a” place “to be sure, there is an analytic of the place, I would say in my analysis, in direct opposition to nihilistic and Kantian pragmatism.
A preview of Sloterdijk can not fail to be noticed in this interview, when predicting fascism in the USA: “From the point of view of media theory, fascism is monothematism in power. If a public opinion is structured in such a way that uniformity increases too much, we have a pre-fascist symptom, “there are several points on the planet with this symptom, and of course we can plunge into a new pre-war fascist era.
We can not fail to see this in positions in Latin America, and in Brazil in particular.

 

Hologram make success

26 Aug

Of unexpected firmness, a singer who is a three-dimensional hologram, Hatsune Miku conquered crowds for her shows in various cities of Japan.

 

Hatsune fans, which is a holographic production simulating a 16-year-old girl, shake their luminous apathetic and shake during the show as if the artist were real.According to the Daily Mail report, Hatsune’s voice was created with voice samples from Japanese actress Saki Fujita. All these samples contain sounds that, when placed in series, become words and phrases.

 
Now the creators of the hologram can compose any song that the “avatar” will sing even without much elaboration.