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With your back to the future

09 Dec

Whenever there is a cause or an “ideal”, here in the different sense of philosophy because it is the goal to be achieved, we focus on it and we do not always think about humanity, to move to the future, is to do what Plato proposed to the philosopher. when leaving the cave return to give sight to others beyond the shadows.
The metaphor is perfect, but there is also a biblical metaphor (1 Cor 13:12): “Now we see in a mirror, confusedly; but then we will see face to face.
Now I know only part of it, but then I will know it completely, as I am known. ” My interpretation, unlike the exegetes, is that in the mirror we see ourselves as “being” but not our own Being, and I think that this metaphor applies to our time, it is time for parousia, for “unveiling”.
Because we discover the whole, which is the Other, the Being not only human but also nature and the universe that “unveils” itself as matter and dark energy, hitherto little known.
But on the most earthly plane, we discover and have to live with other peoples, other cultures, technology is advancing at breathtaking pace, while nature is showing signs of exhaustion.
This is a time that the first point that should be changed is thinking, Edgar Morin and others have claimed, of course, the central aspect to analyze is why this does not happen, the biblical metaphor explains.
It is because “I know only the part,” even when we look at the thought, it is regional, within the unique logic of the author or the philosophical correctness it represents, and what is the whole but life and its phenomena.
Looking at life is necessary to look at the Other, which is not the same, so overcoming regional thinking or ontology, is a step not in the dark, but only in “unveiling” going beyond the being to reach the Being.
The future is governed only by alarmism and pessimism, the future is planetary integration, the critical use of advancing technologies that can in many ways help human life, including combating the exhaustion of nature, but must be aided by clear thinking. built without fear.
For now there is desert, stagnation and alarmism, but the future is coming, we need to read between the facts.

 

Worldview and the Christian

06 Dec

Among the many fantastical worldviews of the most unrealistic idealists, a common feature is life, as Wilhelm Dilthey believed, only thus could it be both comprehensive and cohesive.
Thus the various religions will interpret the origin of life in a mythical meaning, the myths for example of Adam and Eve, are the origin of life according to the book Genesis of the Bible, but the birth of Jesus is another origin, or a rereading of the origin.
From his entry into life, whatever the date (Christmas Day is symbolic), he who for Christians is the author of Life was born to a human, earthly life. 
Very close to the date of Christian origin, the Greek poet Ovid wrote Metamorphoses that narrates the origin of everything: “Before earth, sea and sky took shape, nature had only one face, called Chaos: a raw mass. and unstructured, a conglomerate of matter made up of incompatible elements… No element was in its correct form, and everything was in conflict within one body: cold with hot, dry with wet, heavy with light, ” but how life came to the Greeks.
Suddenly a less chaotic signal sprang up, with a fixed, stable shape and over an immense fertile body of Gaia, the elements in earlier confusion began to organize, each taking its rightful place.

Over the immense fertile body of elements that had once been in confusion began to organize themselves into the right place: fire, earth, water, and air distilled from each other and Gaia’s generous curves, the elements once confused, began to organize, each taking its rightful place.

From Gaia came the gentle hills, deep valleys, hills and mountains.
“God is a mother”, wrote Justino Sarmento Rezende, born in Onça-Igarapé village, Pari-Cachoeira district, municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira – AM (Brazil), and added: “In many indigenous cultures, the mother is the one who serves your sons and daughters. 
What little you have it helps to leave. What we are and have are God’s works, ”but the worldview is more omnipresent. Justin says: “We live surrounded by God. We live on God’s side. We live in God’s hands. God has in his hands all creation: earth. ” (Representation in the figure above). Christmas is not just celebrating the birth of Jesus, in Christian / Catholic cosmology Parusia also expresses the expectation of the second coming of Jesus, who may be a presence in everything and everyone in a way thoughtless by men, the God present in humanity. and universe.
Mary, who expressed the pregnancy and birth of God among men (Lk 1, 26-38), at the second coming may leave the whole pregnant nature of God, “who groans in travail” (Rom. 8:22)

 

Worldview and science

05 Dec

Cosmosview or worldview can be one way of understanding the set of assumptions one uses to interpret the world and life and to form opinions about one’s relationships and responsibilities with other people, nature, and forms of organization in society.
The German term for this expression is Weltanschauung, composed of Welf (world) and Anschauung (vision, belief, intuition or contemplation), which is used by philosophers like Fichte, Heidegger and Sartre, although the question of “worlds” is in numerous authors.
Sartre in his essay The question of method, in the introduction talking about the question of dialectics, thus expresses this question to explain the expression in Fichte:
(…) reduced to its simplest expression, the philosophical object will remain in the ‘objective spirit’ in the form of a regulating idea indicating an infinite task; thus we speak today of the ‘Kantian idea’ among us or of the German Weltanschauung of Fichte
The worlds as an overview appear in other authors, perhaps the expression in Heidegger is important to note since it is widely discussed speaking of the term: It is an important concept because of the impacts on German philosophy and epistemology.
Heidegger used it and popularized the term, and the central idea is that it can offer a broad perception of the world, capable of dialogue with beliefs and oral cultures.
The language of a people is reflected in the culture and traditions and their worldview, they can influence the syntactic structures and their untranslatable connotations and denotations, although some effort is made to make it explicit in another language. the worldview of that people or culture will remain stuck.
Also concerning the beliefs of the great religions it can be recognized: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, and all the great Eastern religions have their own worldview.
For science the important thing is what it reflects in epistemology, that is, the construction of knowledge from a given systematized knowledge.

 

The future of interfaces are tactile

04 Dec

This is what you believe in the MIT Media Lab, where Tangile Media Group develops a live hand modeling table, or inFORM is a 3D shape-shifting surface.

Analyzing this model can be found on the Fast Company website, written by John Brownlee.

It allows users to not only interact with the contents of living objects, but still keep their hands at distances from miles away in contact with 3D objects, with object network connections.

Created by Daniel Leithing and Sean Follmer and overseen by Professor Hiroshi Ishii, he says this is just the beginning, an “executive-like toy table” that likes flames, lets you press down on the flattened pins of various items or do it at a distance.

With inFORM, each of these “pins” is connected to a motor controlled by a nearby laptop, which can not only move the pins to physically render digital content, but also record real-life objects interacting with the surface, thanks to the connection to the sensors of a modified Microsoft Kinect.

The following video shows some experiments with the “executive toy table”:

 

Real haptic interfaces

03 Dec

Haptic means that the holographic image created is tactile, that is, one can touch it and feel that it actually gives the feeling that by touching it we are touching an object.

The work was published at a traditional computer graphics conference in its Asian version, Siggraph Asia, in 2014.

The device uses ultrasound devices, similar to microphones, but smaller to create points in space, forming an ultrasonic body according to the projected image, and the pressure of the hands at that point meets resistance giving the sensation that something is touched.

By synchronizing the ultrasound points with the figure, various 3D holographic objects will be possible, one of them is exemplified by researcher Ben Long, assistant in the project.

Long explains: “In the future, people could touch holograms of non-palpable objects, identifying for example the differences between materials analyzed in a computed tomography or artifact forms of a museum.”

Rendering forms in the English experiment can be smooth (only points are tactile), non-regularized (different tactile points), and regularized (tactile points with some texture).

The following video shows how to touch the hologram with explanations of the experiment:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=40&v=kaoO5cY1aHk&feature=emb_logo

Reference:

Long, S. A. Seah, T. Carter and S. Subramanian, (2014) Rendering Volumetric Haptic Shapes in Mid-Air Using Ultrasound, Volume 33, Issue #7 of ACM Transactions on Graphics (Siggraph Asia).

 

 

New weather and parusia

02 Dec

Although widely used by the Christian worldview, Parusia (comes from the Greek Παρουσία) and means “presence” existing in various Christian religions and Muslim sects, also in the sense in syncretic beliefs (mix creeds) it is present.

A new time this is radically new that implies a change of time, values ​​and customs is also a Parusia, and there is usually already a new presence when “announcing” what is coming, this is the essence of “advent” in a more sense cosmic.

An important thing is that although many “prophets” emerge during these periods, a good grounded analysis of reality can “announce” Parusia.

In our globalized time, there is already the exercise of global citizenship, and communications, including new digital media, accelerate this process, if there are dangers and even exist, does not mean that the signs of a parousia are not present.

In every corner of life, from the particular to the social, from the political to the religious, in the sports field, finally in every area of ​​life there is a “discomfort”, something that is profoundly changing.

Bad readings lead to psychologism, an apocalyptic or sameness view, as philosopher Wittegenstein said, “Leave it all as it is,” but it is impossible not to perceive possible dangers and misalignments in building a future that already appears on a distant horizon.

Certainly it will be a globally more integrated life, such as similar rights for all, the end of misery and extreme poverty, the radical change of values, while observing the fundamental values ​​of life, but the crisis of thought is deep and accelerated.

The obstacles are clear, a difficulty in dialogue between tradition and change, the closure in groups to defend ways of living and ‘developing’, but what is development?

Without a necessary look at the “different”, the Other, the defense of a personal or social identity, are limitations for a new parusia, on the other hand, solidarity and fraternal values ​​in some environments grow and become potentializers of the parusia of a new time

 

 

 

The future has arrived but has not started

29 Nov

The extreme division of society that seems to put in check not only civilization and the civilizing process, there are several readings for this including apocalyptic, is actually a time that can be called eschatological, and it presupposes an advent.
In the Christian liturgy it means the end times, and the advent of Jesus’ second coming, in a broader worldview means that it is possible to think that the whole planet can go through a new process of civilizing end and an advent.
Will come a future that we do not think, or that thought in crisis was unable to unveil, the change of social bases for a new process depends and is correlated to a new way of thinking what is civilizing process, what is development and what and culture.
The concept of civilizational process explored by renowned sociologists such as Bauman and Norbert Elias, but almost the majority can be said to define what goes from a simpler civilization and social organization to a more complex one, for example tribal. to the Republican, however, they conceal prejudice and a neo-colonialist view.
To consider millenary societies, not only Western and Eastern, but also indigenous and African, while noting the roots of the Arab world, is in fact the only possibility of looking at the world as a whole and reconsidering development and culture.
What is incomprehensible and little analyzed in the current process, sometimes denounced, but without going to the bottom of the analysis of the anthropological and social issues of the themes, is to look at the migratory processes that mix people while unveiling their cultures.
These cultures are not surfacing now, they exist and they are millennial, what happened in the process considered civilizing, which in fact was colonizing and acculturating, was superimposing what until then was considered more advanced forgetting or dominating the pre-existing cultures.
We will continue to have people thrown and dying overboard, first to make the continental conquests and now to reverse the process by integrating cultures into distinct civilizing processes, but the polarization around development and the vector is questionable.
No two perspectives are open, but tens or maybe hundreds if we consider the process of fusion and at the same time separation between cultures, cathedrals living with synagogues and mosques, Buddhist temples around the world, the religious sense here just to speak of a strong aspect. of culture, but there are certainly many others: education, food, family structure and taboos, and the West does not escape this analysis.
What we have at an end of time, besides a strong catalysis whose genesis are autocratic wars, of all kinds not only those that use weapons, that make people and cultures move around the planet, the sociological vision of civilizing process does not reach these details, It is elitist.
What people and nations expect from the future has little or nothing to do with idealistic theoretical speculations, it has to do with the dynamics of the contemporary world, and in it there is already a genesis of a new world, a homeland-world as Edgar Morin wants.

 

The future and the changes

28 Nov

When anything is suddenly moving or changing, it generates instability, a sense of discomfort, and even anguish at first, complaining that things are out of place is seemingly clever but conservative and futile reasoning.
The current crisis is far from being just an economic crisis, because it is not only this that is changing, there are new values that emerge and there are old ones that should not be abandoned, the new ones are the acceptance of diversity and the fact that we are running out of things. Energy sources on the planet.
The former is more delicate to talk about, but it is necessary, as Edgar Morin states, to go beyond the economic, the basis of Western thinking that idealism and empiricism are crumbling and are showing signs of exhaustion, Western society and its “developmental” base.
In crisis, what is even more complicated are the millennial cultures that are profoundly different and must dialogue.
The powerlessness of knowing what happens we enter into easy discourses on a fundamentally religious or ideological basis, but they will not be a solution if the basis of these thoughts does not change, we need to dialogue and have openness to different cultures and cognitive structures. Another basis of the crisis is the bureaucratization of public and private structures, we are bombarded by the needs of the state and companies that are not the real human needs. The ecological crisis is also serious no more animals, birds and insects, pesticides kill the life forms that make up the ecosystem, and their imbalance will harm future generations.
The old thinking is disappointed and powerless, they give the future to the young because they have no answers, have a hard time listening and helping them to separate the good from the bad.
As all this the future will come with changes that must be courageous, but in dialogue with tradition, this is how great currents of thought and great cultures have emerged, which isolates is no better because it is retaining certain values, deteriorates into prejudice and illusions.
Looking at the new generations that has enough energy for change, but without warning them of the dangers of the old illusions we had, is better than having them embark on them.
Edgar Morin gave a presentation on these future dilemmas and the crises we are experiencing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3t7UFTpDHE 

 

Other people’s dialogues and peace

27 Nov

The rapid pace of change we are experiencing in various fields of social life is the subject of apocalyptic and ufanists, the former say that everything is lost and the latter that no change has already happened, curiously this discourse unites technophobes and technophiles.
Perhaps technological change has something to do with all this reality, but even simplistic analysis of history notes that problems such as consumerism, individualism, nihilism, and totalitarian tendencies date back at least a century, and thus from a time when technology , especially digital, was still distant and idealized.
The second fact of the reality that is denied is polarization, there are also two very serious misconceptions in these analyzes, the denial of polarization seen with a process of “politicization” that is just the opposite, and the negation of alternatives, dramatically justifying the scenario without seeing alternatives other than confrontation.
For the two alternatives is the biblical passage (1 Thes. 5: 3). “When men say,” Peace and safety! Then destruction will come upon them suddenly, as pains upon a pregnant woman, “but the question is, would there be other alternatives, of course it is, and the child will be born. 
So the real war is not the one that explodes after it has already been brewed by the opposite sides, but the one that hides behind the discourses of “peace”, of “open dialogues”, because the convicted are different from those who have a clear position, are able to hear the opposite.
We even talk about Popper’s method of falsifiability, one of the great names in the philosophy of science, we still need to talk about the intransigence of the ‘enlightened’, the owners of the truth.
Even though I have read some relevant author, or seen a video of media outlets parading like wise, full of advice (and poisons) to give “simple” but dangerous solutions, they often distil the venom from their positions and convictions, but as twisted. only.
They will say to those who disagree: “arrogant”, “unfriendly” or any excuse for their lack of dialogue and openness, but it is precisely these who ferment and polarize radical groups.
Someone who wants to dialogue will always be subject to some isolation in the climate created, but only there can be solutions, paths and unsought paths to conflict.

 
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Distant Dialogues

26 Nov

We have stressed in several posts the need for dialogue before it is too late, I quote from a post in which I remember Plato’s Ballet and Phaedrus are dialogues, and the Platonic school itself was grounded in dialogue.

And another post that I remember since Nietsche, with the category will to power, passing through Foucault with biopower, until Byung Chull Han’s recent essay on psychopolitics, the subject is always important and is related to dialogue. 

The polarization in Latin America has reached its peak, now the peaceful and quiet Uruguay has divided into an election that we will only know the result on the 29th, the problem is that there is already a counting of votes and the possibility of conflicts is not out of the question.

Political analysis, often biased, there are rare cases of exempt analysis, since most distort the facts to say that the other side is authoritarian or autocratic, a word I prefer because even people and groups that talk about dialogue have become ego-focused (personal or group).

The reference author is not only of individuals, when the self is fragile, the problem is when she is in a group and makes everyone “convinced” of this or that position, the dialogue dies and the will for power grows, for Nietzsche she is intrinsic to man, for those who do not dialogue.

Also in the literature there is talk of dialogue between tradition and change, it is necessary to analyze the discourse of tradition to understand vectors that indicate paths for the future, until Marx did this was to read Adam Smith and Ricardo who were conservative economists, although one can criticize you today.

What leads to radicalism beyond the absence of dialogue, or its even more polarizing masking, all authoritarians speak of democracy, is the absence of analysis and listening to different and deeper points of view, superficiality and ignorance are preferred. , easy way that nevertheless leads to polarization and ultimately to conflict.

There is a lack of personal and group magnitudes, recognition of values ​​that the other side may have, in essence reigns the Manichaeism and superficiality of analysis.