Arquivo para July, 2013

The crowd, the clouds and institutions

19 Jul

The crowd is so common that people who now haveCloudCrowd effective mechanisms for communication and dissemination, not just those driven by the culture of mass communication of traditional media like newspapers, TV and cinema.

The clouds created and create services (apps, or applications) that enable the sharing of facts, photos and short videos of agreement can fall like the crowd the crowd or not, it is as if she were a publisher of information and news.

But these services are still centralized in tools and institutions, this may have privacy issues (there are tools) for this or security when the owners of the databases of the tools resolve to cooperate with the security mechanisms in general almost all states.

Other institutions may promote the privacy and security of your “people” or will be discontent and revolt from the crowd.

The privacity is problem of crowds and the security is problema of institutions.

The network has always been attentive, look up the protest scientific authors with publishers, and the movement of 14 years of free access (open access), see also the revolt of Instagram users when Facebook decided to change the term of use of this app of photos.

It’s a phrase influential book in American thought “Democracy in America”, written almost a century and a half (1835):

“It is evident that the race of american states men of  singularly smaller since half a century” (Alexis de Tocqueville, pg. 155, project brazilian edition of daily Folha de São Paulo).


To be, the crowd and class

18 Jul

Crowd is the name of an immanence. The crowd is a set of singularities and not a homogeneous unit of supporters uniformed and carrying the same flag.

It is from this premise that one can outline a conceptualization of ontology that do not hold the human being to ideological schemes or temporal freedom and transcendence.Conceptualization is when the concept is not homogeneous and allows the multiplicity.ClassCrowd

In history, it was determined the people and not the crowd, although Spinoza and Leibniz have outlined.

The concept of people has been delineated within the hegemonic tradition of modernity was made by Hobbes, Rousseau and Hegel and produced, each in its own way but all idealists, a concept of people seated in the transcendence of the sovereign: the heads of these authors, the crowd was considered as war and chaos and so they formed the concept of the modern state to which postmodernity drew attention.

On this basis, the thought of modern operates in a manner bipolar abstracting the one hand, the multiplicity of singularities in transcendentalmente the unifying concept of people, and dissolving the other hand, the set of singularities (which is the crowd ) to form a mass of individuals.

The modern theory of natural law is rooted in empirical or ideological, is always thinking of transcendence and dissolution of the plane of immanence.

The theory of the crowd requires, instead, that the subjects speak for themselves: it is much more of singularities non-representable individuals that owners of knowledge and social production.

The crowd is a class concept, the article says Antonio Negri(*), and does not seem uncomfortable this definition since it still time a crowd of people exploited and the logic of power does not seem to reach them.

Indeed, the crowd is always productive and always in motion.

Considered from a temporal perspective, the crowd is exploited for production; a spatial point of view, the crowd is still exploited, as it constitutes a productive society, social cooperation for production.

There are several perspectives that link to this social cooperation.

The classes had a role in history, now is the time the crowd.

Negri (2002), “Pour une multitude de la définition ontologique en Multitudes No. 9, Paris, Exils.


The network society and be

17 Jul

There are several authors, from Husserl and Heidegger claimingNetworkToBe to be a return to the essence of man and also its relationship with all that is around you, in a way also the nature, although this is still neglected. You can delve into this topic referring to Levinas and Ricoeur, these most current, and also somehow Habermas and Morin, but we want to focus only on “networks”.

Castells is one of the main authors to discover this topic, especially if we think that he wrote in 1996, when “social networks” were just sketches and not popular. In one of the threads of its three volumes written that society would each see a more structured bipolarity between the network and be. It is amazing and no doubt a thorough review of the anthropological and ontological being, where man must overcome resistance and barriers to emerging society that would be the “network society”.

Castells(*) captures something essential is that this historical revision or change of being (and being that eludes him) would allow the emergence of a new society, where the sense of isolation and lack of identity, where there is a lack of consistent principles and values ​​that may guide both the behavioral process as set guidelines for a new life of every being.

The author seems to put the company on the horizon of a true humanity, and thus we still can not let disappear the tension between the ideal (which is not virtual, because it has the potential of existence) and the real, which is the life of man as a historical being. The author does not guide the ontological way for a collective society, where models, actors and locations seem to balance the technological revolution mechanically consciences in order to give consistency and objectivity to the social roots of the “revolution.”

Returning to the first principles, with all the technology, it is in society and in man (for this so ontological) that the whole structure of society change and should emerge.

* Manuel Castells write “The Rise of the Network Society”.



The citizenry and the crowd

16 Jul

The essential concept of citizen, went to Hobbes, in thepeopleCrowd design of the citizenry (which expresses an opinion or an ideology nowadays) was simplified as a unit, as if it were a single body with one will, so most sociologists will use binary settings (although it is intended to analog), as with the people or against either left or right, but the crowd has multiple nature, although it may converge.

Crowd with a political concept was first used by Machiavelli, but the really important concept was promoted by the philosopher Spinoza, Leibniz and somehow that differed from the notion of people of Hobbes, a notion used by sociology and politics to the present day.

The very concept of multitude is multiple, is the definition of socialist Crowd Hardt and Negri printed in contemporary book of that name, is a conservative view PEE century, Gustave Le Bon, quoted by James Surowiecki in “The Wisdom of Crowds “Editora Record, 2006 or crowdsourcing by Jeff Howe (Wired).

But the crowd practice, which is on the streets and using the various social networking tools (facebook, youtube, twitter and Instagram) which appears to refer to the definitions technological Jeff Howe (“The Power of the crowd, Campus, 2nd. Ed. 2008) or Manuel Castells’ Network Society “(Paz e Terra, brazilian edition, 1999) actually  the streets to escape all these concepts because what emerges is a new anthropology, where every citizen expresses himself freely and rejects all munipulação and new media are a tool for this.

The closest thing that can be thought is an brazilian intellectual and geologist “Milton Santos” with a concept he called “trans-individuality” and which has a real answer to globalization that produces only “verticality” states: “The current trend is that the places unite vertically and all is done to it, everywhere. International credits are made available to the poorest countries to allow networks to be established in the service of big capital. But everywhere [and people] also can be joined horizontally rebuilding that base of common life may create local standards, regional standards. “(p. 260) The return of the territory. In Territorio e movimentos. Osal Ano VI # 16 January-April, 2005.

But while the logic of power, we has two options side A or B, both away from the crowd.


Applications used in World Youth Journey

15 Jul

The event brings together young people from AppJMJaround the world connected to the Catholic Church, is a week to be done, has special application for use by tourists who come to Rio de Janeiro.

A specific application was created by a young Campinas and made available by the Archdiocese of the region, called iJuventude, content, music, and all the events related to Journey “on the palm,” to facilitate the movement, but only being available for android devices and Apple.

Previously New Song Community had launched an application Follow the Cross.

Another application has been launched by the Municipal Tourism Rio de Janeiro in addition to containing information about Journey, suggestions of the best routes, places to be visited and tourist information in Rio de Janeiro.

The free download of the app in iOS and Android operating system, is also available in the app store WYD World Youth Day and Google Play as jmjrio2013, available in English, Portuguese and Spanish.

Also on the official guide Rio de Janeiro the application can be found.


Social Network and brazilian manifestations

13 Jul

With a reflection on the manifestations, although some still marked, is the time gains and losses,RedesSociaisManifestacoes you can feel that the company has won, but the fight is still long to moralize Brazilian politics, combat impunity and corruption and democratize democracy.

Social networks used in most manifestations were: that Facebook has 70 million users in Brazil, which was used to summon demonstrations, group news and facts, photos and videos. One of the important uses were the lawyers who created a page to defend protesters arrested.

Twitter is a micro-blog that allows short texts with up to 140 characters, was used in demonstrations for messages, photos and links, was used to complaints and one of the highlights was the call for first aid, such as what happened at Augusta Street in São Paulo at the beginning of the demonstrations.


For sending messages are used hash-tags (labels) with a start symbol #, the most used in number of followers (people who follow that tag and its messages) were: #vemprarua, # ogiganteacordou, # ProtestoBR, #PasseLivre , # ProtestoRJ (the Rio de Janeiro),  #ProtestoSP (São Paulo), # ProtestoCE, #ProtestoBH , # BelémLivre,  #ProtestoDF and, besides many others of course. The number of followers ranged in June, but some of these hash-tags have exceeded 100 000.
Youtube is the largest video site in the world, have been used to post videos amateurs, and there were even almost simultaneous transmissions, there was a video of a cop car breaking glass itself has reached over 1 million views.

Instragram to much used in manifestations too.


Samsung mini S4 in Brazil and iWatches in World

12 Jul

The device S4 arrived in Brazil, running the latest version of Android (Jelly Bean), dual SIM card, in black and white with super Amoled screen of 4.3 inch,WatchII dual-core processor 1.7 GHz, 3G and 4G, with the price of R $ 1,399.

It has weighs 107 grams, is 8.9 thick and comes with the tools and Story Album S Translator,


Samsung is preparing its own version of the clock with communication gadgets and June, presented at the Office of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to trademark “Samsung Gear”, described as “watches that communicate with smartphones, tablets, PDAs and personal computers over the internet or other electronic communication networks “.
The unit will have to compete with the patented Apple iWatch due out later this year, while Sony has introduced the second version, the SmartWatch 2 on Tuesday (9/7) at Mobile Asia Expo Shanghai.

Sony SmartWatch versions also run on Android, but

Samsung winner the batle of mobiles, news in The Telegraph give 25,47 % for Samsung and 25,09% to Apple and 22% to Sony.


Amerian democracy and Snowden.

11 Jul

Many believe that Snowden is a hero, someone concerned about the safety of the worldTocquevilleEN and the ordinary citizen, but is mistaken, he sees himself as an American patriotic.

To understand the case we must go back in history and learn about the case of Daniel Ellsberg is the author of “Secrets: a memory of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers”, who recently wrote an article for the “Washington Post“.

At the time, says Daniel, “New York Times” was ordered to refrain from publishing the Pentagon Papers on June 15, 1971, it was the first case “known” prior censorship to an American newspaper, and for 13 days Daniel stayed hidden.

The goal of Daniel was to end the Vietnam War, but eventually surrendering and accusations grew from the initial three to 12, with possible 112-year sentence, my bail increased to $ 50,000,

Daniel’s article compares the current “surveillance” with the Stasi, the Ministry for State Security in Stalinist “German Democratic Republic” with the goal of “knowing everything.” But Snowden is clear: “Worth dying for this country.”
Who gives life for the people, by the common people, who actually recognizes the right of expression? who respects the manifestation and a private citizen?

But the story is older, read Alexis de Tocqueville launched in 1835. (download in many formats)


Making clouds secure

10 Jul

Cloud computing means outsourcing computing tasks over the Internet, which on one hand can give users home computer processing power and unprecedented that small businesses can use Web services more sophisticated, without building huge banks data servers.

But precisely this outsourcing can lead to huge security problems, since the cloud is treated as a condominium, as can happen cite the article by MIT presented in International Symposium on Computer Architecture, assuming a set of cloud servers can be running 1,000 simultaneous applications to customers, without the knowledge of the exact web hosting service that is provided, such an application has another purpose, to spy on the other 999.

In International Symposium on Computer Architecture recently happened in June, the MIT researchers described a new type of secure hardware component called Ascend, mixing patterns of memory access to a server, which makes it impossible in the case of an attacker infer the data that is stored.

But perhaps only powerful companies and governments are able to use this, what they discuss is who can control and do not control the informal is cool, see how all states treat Snowden, who made the initial complaint data: some country will receive him?


But the solution in Brazil is the Brazilian satellite launch two submarine cables and the installation of a Federal Internet Exchange (FIE) International, here are things like na expensive things.


Funk protests on social networks

09 Jul

The newspapers of the elite media gave little notes, after all the music Funk is not disclosed even pocahontasrespected, but the death of the young Mc Daleste (20 years, murdered in last saturday) was so protested on social networks: Facebook wrote that sugarcane Mc Buru the song “Look how we’re “, and “What nonsense, in a few days the MC will have to sing with a microphone in one hand and [weapon] in another unlocked automatically. How many evil rest in Peace”, he wrote.

Others who wrote on Facebook were Mc Dingo: “One more representative of the funk that was. Will understand what is going on in the minds of those who do these things. Life is full of surprises, good and bad unfortunately. Daleste, rest in peace. Eternal longing. For family members and closest friends I leave my condolences. miss hundred, kid singing very much! It is in faith, “and another opined that the network was MC Doug do Quarenta:” We´s is MC, but we’re also a father, son. Funk calls for Peace”, and added:” The funk is eternal mourning. ”

Júlio César Ferreira, or MC Neguinho da Caxeta, was targeted by four shots in june last year,  wrote on Twitter: “Mourning Mc Daleste! The Funk asks Peace “, contradicting the official voice of the media who say preach violence and Mc Guine explains the revolt:” How many MCs are gone and how many more will die need to take an interim, our only weapon is the microphone. Justice “he wrote on his Twitter profile.

A great tribute came from Mc Pocahontas (in Instagran image with Mc Daleste), codenamed the singer Viviane Queiroz, wrote on Twitter: “Very shaken. A person with a huge heart and super sweetheart left us. Go with God, Dani! God comfort our hearts, but forget there’s no way. My friend, rest in peace … I love you. ” MC Rodolfinho made ​​a proposal, after mentioning the expression “the giant awoke” (last song of Mc Daleste): “Let’s make the move ‘Funk woke up.’ ” (words used in brazilian manifestations – giant woke up (the brazilian people).