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6 « janeiro « 2014 « Blog Marcos L. Mucheroni Filosofia, Noosfera e cibercultura
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Arquivo para janeiro 6th, 2014

As ideias e a Pátria-MundoBeginning of the ideas of the Homeland – World

06 jan

Edgar Morin e Anne B. Kern chamam de Pátria-Terra o ambiente do início do século XV e explica que GuernicaHirochimaas religiões universalistas “abriam-se desde os primórdios a todos homens da terra” (pag. 21) mas “no começo da era planetária “os temas do ‘bom selvagem’ e do ‘homem natural’ foram antídotos, é verdade que muitos débeis” contra o desprezo pelos bárbaros civilizados, mas será em torno disto que se desenvolvem as ‘nações-estado’ da modernidade.

A evolução destas ideias vai fazer a antropologia europeia principalmente, vê nos arcaicos não ‘bons selvagens’, mas ‘primitivos infantis’ afirmam os autores (pag. 21).

Mas serão justamente os ‘teóricos’ dos ‘primitivos infantis’ que desencadearão a guerra de 1914-1918, quando um tiro em Sarajevo mata o herdeiro do trono dos Habsburgos (pag. 22), assim “um atentado local num canto perdido dos Balcãs determinou uma reação explosiva em cadeia que” acabou abrangendo quase toda Europa.

Os autores mostram que as análise não podem ser simplistas: “se a explicação da guerra é marxista (rivalidades entre os imperialismos) ou shakespeariana (desencadeamento do tumulto e da fúria, delírio da vontade de poder), porque a guerra é o produto histórico monstruoso da copulação força de Marx e de Shakespeare” (pag. 23) sentenciam.

E avançam na análise do período que se segue: “A economia mundial é agitada por sobressaltos no começo dos anos 1920, até que, em plena atmosfera de prosperidade reencontrada, a grande crise de 1929 faz emergir do desastre a solidariedade econômica planetária: um crash em Wall Street leva a depressão econômica a todos continentes” (pag. 24).

“Os anos 30 são dramáticos” … “A Alemanha nazi invade a Noruega, a Holanda, a Bélgica, a França em 1940” … chega ao leste europeu e a África … “num total de 100 milhões de homens e mulheres empenhados no conflito mundial”.

Finalizada a guerra, fundada a ONU (Organização das Nações Unidas), reinicia a guerra fria, “o planeta é polarizado em dois blocos, travando-se em toda parte uma guerra ideológica sem remissão” (pag. 26).

Que lições tiramos do bombardeio de Guernica (acima, 16 de abril de 1937) e da bomba atômica em Hiroshima (abaixo, 6 de agosto de 1945) ?Edgar Morin and Anne B. Kern called Fatherland- Earth environment of the early fifteenth century, GuernicaHirochimaand explains that the universalist religions ” opened up since the beginning of the earth to all me ” (p. 21) but “at the beginning of the planetary era the themes of ‘good wild’ and ‘natural man’ antidotes were, it is true that many weak “against the contempt by civilized barbarians , but it will be around that develop the ‘nation- state’ of modernity .

The evolution of these ideas will make the European anthropology mainly seen in the archaic not ‘ noble savages ‘ , but ‘ early childhood ‘ the authors state ( p. 21 ) .

But are precisely the ‘ theorists ‘ of ‘ infant primitive ‘ that trigger the 1914-1918 war , when a shot in Sarajevo kills the heir to the Habsburg throne ( p. 22 ) and ” a local attack in a remote corner of the Balkans determined an explosive chain reaction that ” just covering almost all Europe.

The authors show that the analysis can not be simplistic , ” the explanation of war is Marxist ( rivalries between imperialism ) or Shakespeare ( triggering turmoil and fury, frenzy of desire for power ) , because war is a monstrous historical product of copulation strength of Marx and Shakespeare “(p. 23 ) pass judgment .

And advances in the analysis of the period as follows: ” The world economy is shaken by upheavals in the early 1920s , until, in the middle atmosphere newfound prosperity , the great crisis of 1929 has lead to global disaster economic solidarity : Crashing Wall Street leads to economic depression all continents “(p. 24 ) .

” The 30 years are dramatic ” … ” Nazi Germany invades Norway, Netherlands, Belgium , France in 1940 ” … comes to Eastern Europe and Africa … “A total of 100 million men and women engaged in global conflict”

End of the war , founded the UN (United Nations), restart the Cold War, “the planet is polarized into two blocks , locking up everywhere an ideological war with no remission” (p. 26).

What lessons do we draw the bombing of Guernica (April 16, 1937) and the atomic bomb on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) ?