Warning: Declaration of wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) should be compatible with base_wp_option::render() in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 123

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_text::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 170

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_textarea::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 194

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_choose_category::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 226

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_choose_page::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 240

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_select::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 257

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_file::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 301

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_separator::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/option-fields.php on line 408

Warning: Declaration of wp_option_choose_color_scheme::render() should be compatible with wp_option::render($field_html, $colspan = false) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/themes/chocotheme/lib/theme-options/choose-color-scheme.php on line 39

Warning: Use of undefined constant wp_cumulus_widget - assumed 'wp_cumulus_widget' (this will throw an Error in a future version of PHP) in /home/marcosmucheroni/www/blog/wp-content/plugins/wp-cumulus/wp-cumulus.php on line 375
22 « janeiro « 2014 « Blog Marcos L. Mucheroni Filosofia, Noosfera e cibercultura
RSS
 

Arquivo para janeiro 22nd, 2014

Diferenças entre Ser e ExistirDifferences Between Being and Exist

22 jan

A autora que estamos lendo (Mafalda F. Blanc no seu livroSerEnte Introdução a Ontologia) explica que o verbo “ser” (ƐĨναι, esse, être, Sein) nas línguas indo-europeias, “deriva de um mais genuíno sentido existencial e só foi possível porque a este se sobrepôs como complemento um atributo nominal ou adjetivo”, e isto significa que “juízo predicativo numa asserção do tipo ´há/existe P em S’ “ (pag. 14).

Isto parece redutivo, porém “do ponto de vista semântico o verbo ´ser´ contém, sob a aparente abstração da sua forma infinitiva, uma riqueza de conteúdo bem concreta, presente ainda nas flexões verbais das línguas indo-européias, significando viver (segundo a raiz ´es´, presente nas formas ´einai´, ´esse, ´ser, ´sein´), crescer (segundo a raiz ´bhu´ presente em ´be´, ´bin´, ´fuein´, ´fui´) e permanecer (segundo a raiz ´wes´, presente nas formas germânicas ´war´, ´gewesen´ e ´wesen)” (pag. 14 da autora mas citando o próprio Heidegger).

No cotidiano percebemos a existência do ente, “sensível e retiradas pela imaginação” (pag. 14) porém pode-se abstrair e encontrar os conteúdos essenciais do ente “a espécie e o gênero”, até alcançar a determinação mais abstrata da essência, na sua pura formalidade, no dizer da autora da “abstração formal do ser, caracterizando esta pela inteleção do intimo ato de existir (actus essendi), que põe e sutém como ente concreto o sujeito de determinada essencial – como fielmente denota o juízo existencial” (pag. 15).

Isso admito como uma universalidade própria, afirma a autora, dá-se o nome de transcendental (pag. 15) mas como espécie “a unidade só retém as determinações comuns às diversas espécies, excluindo as diferenças, que se lhe acrescentam do exterior, no caso do ser, não há diferença que o possa contrair exteriormente, pois que teria ou de já ser ou de ser coisa nenhuma” (pag. 15).

O ser inclui portanto todas as diferenças, como afirma a autora, “quer dos indivíduos quer as suas determinações”, então embora abstrata, está presente em toda a humanidade, independente da cultura, quer dizer “não é, assim, um gênero máximo, a nota comum e mais abstrata de uma diversidade extrínseca de tempo que transcende … “ pag. 15.

Então as diferentes determinações, dadas por línguas, hábitos e formas de sociabilidade, enfim da cultura ainda devem permanecer em essência enquanto ser, e isto significa que aquilo que se vê na humanidade planetária é capaz de encontrar denominadores comuns, mesmo considerando o que afirma Edgar Morin (que acabo de ler), citando M. Murayama que cada cultura tem qualquer coisa de “disfuncional (defeito de funcionalidade), de misfuncional (funcionando num mau sentido), de subfuncional (efetuando uma performance ao nível mais baixo) e de toxifuncional (criando prejuízos no seu funcionamento)” (pag. 116 do livro Terra-Pátria) podemos ainda encontrar algo essencial deste “ser” enquanto Ser.The author we are reading (Mafalda E. Blanc in his bookSerEnte Introduction to Ontology) explains that the verb “to be” (ƐĨναι , this , être , Sein) in the Indo-European languages ​​, “derives from a more genuine existential sense and was only in it is possible because the overlapped supplemented by a nominal or adjective attribute”, and this means that “a judgment predicative assertion like ‘ no / P exists in S’ “(pp 14).

This seems reductive , but ” from the viewpoint of semantic verb ‘to be’ contains , beneath the apparent abstraction of its infinitive form , a wealth of content and concrete , still present in the verbal inflections of the Indo -European languages ​​, meaning live (according to root ‘ es ‘ , present in the forms ‘ einai ‘, ‘ this ‘ being ‘ sein’ ), grow (according to root ‘ bhu’ present in ‘b’, ‘bin’ , ‘fuein’, ‘I’) and stay ( depending on the root ‘ wes ‘ , present in Germanic forms ‘ war’ , ‘gewesen’ and ‘wesen´) “(pp. 14 of the author but quoting Heidegger himself).

In daily life we noticed the existence of beings, “sensitive and withdrawn by the imagination ” (pp. 14) but you can abstract and find the essential elements of being ” the species and gender,” to achieve the most abstract to the core , in its mere formality , in the words of the author of “formal abstraction be featuring this intellection by the intimate act of existing ( essendi actus ) , and that puts sutém like concrete being the subject of certain essential – as faithfully denotes the existential judgment” (pp. 15).

I admit that as a totality itself, says the author , give the name of transcendental ( p. 15), but as a species ” unity only retains the details common to several species determinations , excluding differences that you add the outside in be the case , there is no difference that can borrow externally , because that would be or have or be anything “(pp. 15 ) .

Being thus includes all the differences , as the author says , ” wants of individuals and their determinations ,” then although abstract , is present in all humanity , regardless of culture , means ” thus is not a full gender common and more abstract note of an extrinsic time diversity that transcends … ” (pp. 15).

So the different determinations , given by language, habits and forms of sociability , finally culture should still stay while being in essence , and this means that what we see in planetary humanity is capable of finding common denominators, even considering what Edgar says Morin ( which I have read) , citing M. Murayama that every culture has something ” dysfunctional (default functionality) of functionaless (running in a bad sense) of sub-functional (making a performance at the lowest level) and toxicfunctional (creating losses in its operation)” (pp. 116 of the book Earth-homeland ) we can still find something essential this “being” while Being.

The homeland-world requires a “man-world”, a full and be more serene able to share the planet with other beings.