Arquivo para December 7th, 2016

What prepares the future for us?

07 Dec

Beyond Baumanian liquidity, a somber visionholograma of the future of humanity, or voluntarism of the kind do something without thinking about what to do, there are clues very close to us, ignored by many, but not by all. A sensitive clue is Edgar Morin, his main work is the Method, written for almost three and a half decades, beginning in 1973, with his book The Lost Paradigm: Human Nature, his questioning is about the ideological and paradigmatic closure of the sciences, but we could say that they accompany the culture and to some extent the religion.

What he does is to present an alternative to the concept of “paradigm” found in Thomas Khun, and then present his “complex thinking” which is the attempt to reunite the various areas of human knowledge, separated into specialties, and whose main book Is Seven Necessary Knowledge for the Education of the Future, seeking to inspire the educator and give “tips” for good educational practice.

Does this book say in an incisive way? “After all, what would all the partial knowledge serve, if not to form a configuration that responds to our expectations, our desires, our cognitive questions? “, That is, knowledge capable of questioning knowledge.

After speaking of the “Life of Life” in his Method 2, the theme is not properly new since Husserl coined the word “Lebenswelt“, to say the world of life, Morin will say in his Method 3, what is knowledge Of knowledge, but before completing Method 2, he will write Well-Done Head, for me his masterpiece, nobody who reads this book, will remain the same.

Method 3, the knowledge of knowledge, presents it in an unprecedented way, first as an anthropology of knowledge, that is, to approach the bio-anthropological conditions of the possibilities of knowledge, states that “knowledge of knowledge requires a complex (Morin, 1999, p. 256), that is, “a thought that is both dialogic, reflective and hologramatic” (Morin 1999, p. 256), but what does hologram mean?

Time the hologram is a projection of something real or imaginary, but in the air without sustenance and substantiality, with this quasi-perfect metaphor (still a metaphor), it overcomes our dichotomies of holism / reductionism, constructivism / realism, and spiritualism / Materialism, allows us to “shift and overcome the problem of the fundamentals” (Morin, 1999, p. 256) of knowledge, we will return to spiritualism/materialism after reading Morin.

The hologram puts the question of “inaccessible to knowledge” (Morin, 1999, p. 16) on the scene, so it forces us to “question all that was evident to us and reconsider all that founded our truths” (Morin 1999 , 16) so that “the search for truth is henceforth bound up with inquiry into the possibility of truth.” (Morin, 1999, 16)

For him knowledge is a multidimensional phenomenon, “simultaneously physical, biological, cerebral, mental, psychological, cultural, social” (Morin, 1999, p. 18), but which has been “split” within our culture, the disjunction between science and philosophy and the disciplinary fragmentation of science. The main idea of ​​Morin is the “lost foundation”, “converging to the ontological crisis of the Real (…). No base of certainty, no real founder. “(Morin 1999, p. 23)

Morin, E. Method 3: knowledge of knowledge. Porto Alegre: Sulina, 1999.