Arquivo para January, 2017

IT companies and Trump

31 Jan

The companies that employ the most brains and foreign labor are technology companies,TrumpManifest and the reflexes of trying to nationalize jobs has already provoked a reaction from most companies.

Yesterday several companies had appeared, among them the giants Google, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft, which among other measures vetoed the access of natives of seven Muslim-majority countries to come to the United States, the measure is valid for 90 days and the reaction was World, with manifestation even of some rulers, like of Saudi Arabia.

Executive director Sundar Pichai, whose name already shows nationality, said that Google’s Trump order reaches about 100 employees.

Yesterday Canada, which had a one-time attack on a mosque in this country, was televised to declare support and solidarity with Muslims, as well as their desire to receive migrants who can not enter the United States, in the long run this may even Result in the transfer of some of these companies’ offices to Canada.

The owner of Tesla Elon Musk, companies that have revolutionary innovations with use of solar energy among other bombastic technological changes, which advises the Trump government.

The measure is a great setback, going back to the beginning of industrial capitalism when Adam Smith wrote the classic “Wealth of Nations”, today the raw material, brains and labor are world-wide, and, by the way, states United States was the largest beneficiary, the effect of this backward turnout will result in global backwardness, but also to the world’s largest powerhouse, yet it will immediately affect its trading partners such as Mexico and Canada.

This process is tantamount to de-globalization, as some countries in Europe, such as France and the United Kingdom, are moving in this direction, and Trump’s visit to this country already provokes many demonstrations of unpopularity.



Campus Party Brazil starts tomorrow

30 Jan

The tenth edition of the Campus Party, a concentration of fans, workers, OBJECTIVESUSTENAIBLEScompanies and even thinkers who use a wide space to exchange experiences, products and ideas of the advances of the digital world, takes place at the Anhembi pavilion in São Paulo.
This year, there are two waves that are already booming in this environment: the internet of things and sharing, which came out of digital products and went to different areas: toys, temporary rental of houses, availability of parking spaces for travel, etc.
At the main stage where some interesting names are called and others not so much, this year will appear figures such as: Michel Nicolelis (Brazilian who is world name in neuroscience), Camille François (cyber-activist who defends privacy, anonymity, Harvard) and Paul Zaloom, (famous actor in the 90s with program The World of Beakman), and others of course.
Another novelty is the link established with UNDP (UN Development Program), which has 17 sustainable development objectives, in 100 hours will be developed what is called Big Hackathon where projects are proposed and can be undertaken by public or private initiative with Funding shared by the UN.
I highlight among these goals 8 that I consider to be urgent: Eradication of poverty, zero hunger and sustainable agriculture, quality education, clean and affordable energy, decent work and economic growth, reduction of inequalities, global action on climate and peace / justice / effective institutions .
The event starts tomorrow and admission costs $ 240 brazilian reais (around U$ 75).


Fusion of horizons and dialogue

27 Jan

It is possible to speak of dialogue without exercising any dialogue process, Murosit is a common discourse because everyone wants to claim for themselves the universality of the discourse itself, but this is a rupture within the process of constructing a collective discourse.

The important thing about walls is that behind them there are those who build bridges and these inevitably give more mobility than the walls, and thus find easier way.
In philosophy it is what is called a fusion of horizons, while the discourse of anti-dialogical dialogue closes in an airtight circle of the approval of its peers, the process that goes beyond dialogue, since it is hermeneutic, it builds the road of truth that is Safe and paved.
Hermetic closure in theory / practice, idealistic discourse of modernity, understanding, as man’s most basic mode of being and its insertion into the horizon of practical life indicates one is a much more key issue in the hermeneutical tradition.
Far from being idealistic, it is possible to speak of hermeneutic engagement with a new “praxis” that happens as it develops an open relationship with the discourse of the Other.
Gadamer, one of the architects of this new dialogical articulation, sees in many cases that reflection on what praxis does not have should replace our immersion within the logic of life, as long as it is achievable and objective in facts seen and not just imagined.
For the philosopher of the new hermeneutics, “understanding must be thought less as an action of subjectivity than a participation in an event of tradition, a process of transmission in which the past and present are constantly mediated” (Gadamer, 2003).
David Waberman, one of Gadamer’s readers, states that: “Understanding is generally a case of merging horizons,” and in the case of understanding the past, a “thoughtful mediation” Of the present (Waberman, 1999).
Thus the sense we give of a text we are reading or even (perhaps even more so) a work of art, we should not pretend to reconstruct the author’s original intention, but to understand it in such a way that its truth is manifested to us.
Regardless of our historical situation, we are all living it at the same time, and this necessarily involves an ever-differentiated understanding, and always differently from the way the work was originally intended, as Waberman also sees it, so we can “talk” about If we are open to the horizon of the other, most of the time this is done without the dialogue of the Other different, but of the other that repeats my own discourse, without the necessary dialogue.The dialogical difference is that one builds walls, even stating the opposite, and the other builds bridges, even with stones thrown.

Gadamer, H.G. Truth and Method, 2nd edition, London/New York, Continuum. 1975.

WEBERMAN, David. Reconciling Gadamer’s non-intentionalism with Standard conversational goals. In The Philosophical Forum, v. XXX, n.4, p. 317, dez/1999,



Antropotechnics and Stonehenge

26 Jan

Anthropotechnics is the name given to the idea that it is possible to link Stonehenge2anthropology and its human developments to the development of techniques that influenced civilizational and even structural change in the form of human organization, the term is due to Peter Sloterdijk who attempts to explain current technology processes In modernity.

Stonehenge is a monument from the Neolithic period, believed to have arisen in a period called by Mesolithic archaeologists between 8500 to 7000 BC (Vatcher and Vatcher, 1973) and has recently been discovered to be part of larger circles (figure 1).

It is not known how the first monuments of stones (post-holes) appeared there, but a reasonable hypothesis is that some already existed and soon others were being brought by a long period of about a thousand years, some coming from very far from regions like Wales.

One possibility studied is that the landscape of the region of Stonehenge in the past may have been especially open, which squeezes to require some technology to transport the enormous stones, there would be a kind of rectangular earthenings (the Greater call of Stonehenge and the smaller one of Cursus) that Allowed the movement of the stones in tree trunks or even in glacial glaciers that allowed the movement of the stones (French, 2012), according to figure 2.

Two stones known as Heel Stone and North Barrow were the earliest components of Stonehenge, but the circular trench with internal and external benches were built in 3000 BC and were brought out of there (Figure 3).

It is possible that features such as the Heel Stone and the low mound known as the North Barrow were early components of Stonehenge, but the earliest known main event was the construction of a circular trench with an inner and outer bank built about 3000 BC And Pearson, 2010). This area closed about 100 meters in diameter, and had two entrances. It was an early form of the henge monument (LAST, 2011).

Inside the benches and about 60 ditches were found several wooden instruments, of stones and some of them that were noticed because they were of copper, like the ones that were called ditches of Aubrey, the people buried there were around of 150 individuals, Being the largest neolithic cemetery (PEARSON, 2012).

 A stone (gneiss) and found bone pins associated with cremated human remains in the Aubrey holes at Stonehenge, say that there was a graveyard.

VATCHER, G e VATCHER, M., ‘Excavation of three post-holes in Stonehenge car park’, Wiltshire Archaeological and History Magazine, 68 (1973), 57–63.

FRENCH, C. et al, ‘Durrington Walls to West Amesbury by way of Stonehenge: a major transformation of the Holocene landscape’, Antiquaries Journal, 92 (2012), 1–36.

FIELD, D. and PEARSON, T. World Heritage Site Landscape Project: Stonehenge, Amesbury, Wiltshire Archaeological Survey Report, English Heritage Research Department Report 109-2010 (Swindon, 2010).

LAST, J., Introduction to Heritage Assets: Prehistoric Henges and Circles (English Heritage, 2011).

PARKER, M.; CHAMBERLAIN,  A., MARSHALL, M. J., POLLARD, RICHARDS, C. THOMAS, J., TILLEY, C. e WELHAM, K., ‘Who was buried at Stonehenge?Antiquity, 83, 2009, 23–39.

PEARSON, M Parker, Stonehenge: Exploring the Greatest Stone Age Mystery (London, 2012), 193.



Unveiling of the film academy 2017

25 Jan

There are likely to be Trump’s remarks, some reference to last year’s white Oscar, 4filmesbut nothing more patriotic and American than the festivals, La Land is interesting, but 14 nominations tell you what in fact Hollywood is very American, as not to remember the famous Hollywood musicals? It’s good, yes, but not so much.
Like this La Land equaled Titanic in 1997, and Evil in 1950, in central nominations as Best Picture, Best Director (Damien Chazelle who has won two Golden Globes), Best Actor (Ryan Gosling) and Best Actress with Emma Stone .
Behind the musical, there are 8 nominations and the drama Moonlight: Under the Moonlight, Science Fiction “The Arrival”, and then Manchester by the sea with 6 nominations and we have already said that it is not all this.
Still in the Hollywood style could not miss a war film, Mel Gibson’s “Until the Last Man” and a modern Western like “At Any Cost”; As for the dramas, are: “Stars beyond Time”, “Lion: A Journey Home” and “Fences”, which is one of my favorites along with “The Arrival”.
Meryl Streep, who in the Golden Globe where she was honored in honor of Donald Trump, hits a record with 20 Oscar nominations (only won 3) as best actress for her role in “Florence: Who’s That Woman?”.
Also noteworthy is the Englishwoman Isabelle Huppert (“Elle”) (first photo above), who should not take, but I am in her fans, along with “The arrival” (right photo),
Viola Davis has already won the Golden Globe Award for best supporting actress, could win again, but is likely to go to Naomi Harris (“Moonlight: Under the Moonlight”) (pictured below), the other nominations being: Nicole Kidman (“Lion: A Journey Home”) and Octavia Spencer (“Stars beyond Time”) do not deserve it.
Perhaps Star Wars (“Rogue One: A Star Wars Story”) (pictured below) has a special effects consolation prize or sound mix, fans were expecting some more indication.
In animation Trolls had no indication, maybe Moana: an evil adventure might win, I went to watch with children who found the language a bit difficult, the others except Zootopia, who has something different, “My life of zucchini”, “The red turtle “And even the funky” Kubo and the magic ropes “is nothing special.
The award will be here a month, February 26 and will be presented by Jimmmy Kimmel.


A new eletronic revolution?

24 Jan

Nonatechelogy is photonic (photon-based computing) or quantum eletronic, and research and speculation grow, Graphenebut a research on carbon nanotubes and graphene (a compound made up of nanotubes) is faster than practical results directly applicable to today’s computing and is possible change it.

Current computing uses a technology that uses tiny links using metallic oxide over silicon (or CMOS – Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) to achieve non-zero-order operations (10-9 seconds) by placing micro-transistors on a scale of non-meters (10 -9 of the second) this has limited the advance of computer chips as this is a maximum barrier for such technology.

Now researchers at Peking University in China say they have found a way to put transistors based on carbon nonotube technology that far outnumber these made with metal-oxide-based technology on silicon, the transistors are much smaller in the femtomeconds ( 10-15) built in silicon on scales below nanometers.

Unlike the conventional techniques of growing carbon nanotubes in silicon, which had many undesirable properties, they placed only a few nanotubes and tested the properties made on tiny sheets of graphene (methods to construct by processes similar to revealing photos in very microscopic structures of Transistors), and obtained excellent results.

The gates that make the operations come to operate thanks to the capacitance of these new structures in the femtoseconds, which guarantees a speed a thousand times faster than the current technologies of silicon chips.

More than that, traders say their work provides physical evidence that all the money spent on carbon nanotube research as a substitute for current silicon technologies will be paid when mass production of these chips is made viable.

The article is published in which is a journal specializing in nanotechnology work.


Holography is here to stay

23 Jan

Holography has already come to stay, there are already projection techniques such Holograficouse of cubes or pyramids of glass (holographic glass) or without glasses (no glass), such as the photos on the side.
As it is always the aggressive gaming industry that first emerges with new technologies, it was thus the augmented reality with Pokemons, and now the holography with glasses and games in Windows Holographic VR headset (Virtual Reality) with the handset of 350 grams, 200 Grams less than the HTC VIVE, both scheduled to launch this year.
The information contained in
The Verge’s specialized website says that the design is comfortable on new Lenovo equipment using OLED panels with 1440×1440 resolution, more defined its Glasses Rift, but the prototype taken to the last CES 2017 event was not working (oh no!).
An important point is that its internal sensors allow the equipment is used if it is necessary to have an external detection camera; this is no small thing, since holographic environments with full immersion can arise from there.
The final price speculated on some sites, among them
The Verge is that it will be close to $ 300, which here would give something around the R $ 1 thousand brazilian reals, but with taxes it is known there for the ceiling that goes.


Some Trump’s “Promises”

20 Jan

Today begins the mandate of the most controversial of a US president.TrumpHair
On immigration, it is not sophistry, of course he speaks of the 11 million clandestine migrants living in the country, but a lot already have children and families settled there, and the mere fact of being of another religion or race could never differentiate a person And their civil rights.
Reforming Washington, which calls for “Clinton’s friends” in many cases are nothing more than professionals or even people with a partisan preference for the Democrats, and for borrowing the idea of ​​Abraham Lincoln in a famous 1863 speech in which he asked the union of Americans, but the context was quite different, and can be seen in the recent movie of the film Lincoln, where among other things fought for racial equality.
He wants to sign the biggest “tax revolution” in the country, today the ceiling is at 35% of collection of profits, he wants to limit to 15%, this only benefits the concentration of income and the consequences for social programs are more than obvious, There is going to be money
It will review all foreign trade, campaign against the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) which would be a cooperation with the European Union, also the treaties with Canada and Mexico its neighbors and the NAFTA agreements will be revised, will be a commercial war .
Foreign policy is even more threatening, it is against peace agreements with Palestine, it will review the protection of NATO allies and as far as Syria will only fight against the Islamic state, it is more fuel in the bonfire of the war.
Without the two most industrialized nations in the world adhering to the proposed ecological programs from Rio 1922 (Rio92) to Paris 2015 (Cop2015) activists and defenders of the planet suffer a hard defeat, for Trump: “the concept of global warming was created by And for the Chinese to keep the US industrial sector uncompetitive”, he wrote on a twitter and replayed the campaign.
The most backward and hard-headed concept with the Americans themselves is the idea of ​​erasing the entire Obama legacy, now admired all over the world, according to Stephen Moore, who was their camp advisor, there are at least 25 “executive orders” for Trump to reverse and erase what Obama has left.
Finally the legal aspect, because one can imagine that with so much authoritarianism, perhaps it could suffer an impeachment, the sudden death of Antonin Scala, member of the Supreme Court of there, and the indication of the substitute by Trump will give conservative majority to the Supreme, and Many laws will be reviewed.
If this is good news, on the other hand we can predict US isolation, a lot of internal crisis and a strong militancy already promised by activists, artists and Democrats


Hermeneutics, common sense and training.

19 Jan

With the concept of common sense, he will use another guiding concept: judgment, and willFormationHermeneutics use for it something of Kant, after having criticized it, for him to judge: “it is, in short, not so much a faculty, but a requirement to be presented To all “(page 78).

Finally it will present the concept guides: judgment to taste, here it clarifies clearly that it is not an ideal concept, nor a ‘matter of taste’, but something social:

“Taste is not only the ideal that presents a new society, but in the first place, under the sign of this ideal of ‘good taste’, what has been called ‘good society’ (page 84), Gadamer passed away in 2002 but could well serve for today.

If not ideal how to get at it? And he responds: “no longer through birth and status, but basically through the communion of his judgments, or rather, knowing how to rise from the foolishness of interests and the privacy of preferences to demand judgment.”

It is not the guiding concept, but the whole phenomenology is based on the experience, that is, the concepts and questions must be development and socially approved, that is:

“The experience has an immediacy that is subtracted from all opinions about its meaning. What we emphatically call experiencing means something unforgettable and irreplaceable, which is basically inexhaustible for an understandable determination of its meaning. “(Page 126), and so on.” Something is actually gained in each experience. “(P.
It is from this formulation that the idea of ​​horizons, and fusion of horizons, will emerge, emphasizing that it is a particular concept of situation, which in dialogue with another means its position:

“This is not a real dialogue; One does not seek the understanding of a theme, since the objective contents of the dialogue are but one way of knowing the horizon of the other … the other becomes comprehensible in its opinions, from the moment it became recognized Its position and horizon, without, however, implying that we have come to understand ourselves with it … “(page 553)

But before concluding Volume I, I will try to answer fundamental questions: “Is it a correct and sufficient description of the art of historical understanding, that it is necessary to learn to move to other horizons? Is it possible to say, in this sense, that there are closed horizons? “(Page 554), which recalls Nietzsche’s objections to historicism and its” closed “connection with myth, and will clarify that all historical understanding of the Enlightenment was not If not the romantic perspective of the solitary individual, just as the closed horizon “which would surround a culture is an abstraction” (p. 455), since the “horizon is before, something in which we tread our way and with us make the way” (Idem), that is, our goal.

This is not a summary, not even a drop of Gadamer’s thought, but here we try to delineate some reading keys in order to indicate a mature and fruitful contemporary thought.

GADAMER, H.G. Truth and Method, London,New York: Continuum, 1975. (pages in Brazilian Edition


Hermeneutics and this problem

18 Jan

After clarifying the question of method, it is important because of the question FusionHorizonof science, it must be understood that this is not its fundamental problem, although it is related to knowledge and truth it is, so Gadamer (p. 32)

“The phenomenon of understanding that pervades not only everything that concerns the world of the human being. Its purpose is to search everywhere for the experience of truth, which goes beyond the field of control of scientific methodology, and of its own legitimacy, wherever it may be found. “(Page 30)

The main aim, though not explicitly stated, is to demonstrate the fragility of contemporary philosophical thought, for he saw the night of Western thought:

“… the judgment that, in our time, flooded with rapid transformations, is threatened with obscuration. What is transforming imposes itself on sight, incomparably more than something that continues as it has always been. The perspectives that result from the experience of historical transformation are, for this reason, always running the risk of becoming distortions, for forgetting the concealment of what persists “(page 34).
Gadamer wants to retake the good humanistic tradition, of course this is a judgment of values, but we have already developed something here, but a central point is the Hegelian contribution on “formation”:

“Here training does not mean more culture, that is, the perfection of faculties and talents. The ascension of the word formation awakens, more than that, the ancient mystical tradition, according to which man brings in his soul the image of God, according to which he was created, and has to develop it in himself. ” (Page 50), this does not depend on religiosity, it means interiority.

He also takes up concepts from Hegel, who used the concept of formation, in this way “it was precisely this that, following Hegel, we emphasized as a universal characteristic of formation, to remain open to the different, to other more universal points of view . “(Pages 50-58).

That is why we have written from the beginning of this blog: “the in-form”, the word information has this meaning and this can also be found in the literature of so-called “Information Sciences”, clarifies using Vico’s concept of “common sense” , Which is very common:

“… not only that universal capacity that exists in all men, but, at the same time, the sense that establishes community. It is a sense for justice and for the common good … it seems to have a virtue of social intercourse, but there is, in fact, a moral foundation, even a metaphysical one. “(Pages 70-76).

Gadamer will define this starting from the ideas of common sense and formation.

GADAMER, H.G. Truth and Method, London,New York: Continuum, 1975. (pages in Brazilian Edition).