Arquivo para June 5th, 2017

Philosophy of the crisis

05 Jun

There are several meanings for the crisis, from the Greek crisis, it means separation, ValleyMontainabyss and, also judgment and decision, the Brazilian philosopher Mario Ferreira dos Santos (1907-1968) warns us.
We will borrow from him a few thoughts, for many thoughts that he thinks are current, Mario Ferreira lived only up to 68, were already present in his reasonings, and therefore neither the crisis nor what he thinks about it is so new.
In his book, reissued this year by the São Paulo publisher É Realizações, our philosopher conceptualizes early in the book: “whoever has a vision of the world stuck only in the quaternary, as the old philosophers called it, can not fail to recognize that All existence is a separate, as well as all ontic combinations of finite existence are always selective. “(Page 11)
This is how Mario sees the crises in separations, and if we dig them deeper we reach the abysses, and he will say about the separations: “if all combinations are possible, not all are probable, let alone actualize themselves. “(Idem)
He therefore concludes: “There is thus a separation, a crisis, an abyss,” but this existence also has an intellective function, and then puts it intellection precisely in this capacity formed by the inter-roots, which means To capture between, being therefore one of the capacities of our spirit, among many others the ability to select, what unites.
He uses what Thomas Aquinas proposed, which states that we have an ability to grasp inside (page 12), in a selective capture “because he will prefer it to that.” (Idem)
It will say how “we can not live without the crisis, and we can not live with it” (page 12), and makes an analogy with “the mountain tops that are possible to unite, without denying the valleys that we do not forget, are also positive , And there is no point in forgetting them. “(Page 13)
It questions about the crisis “but because the abysses grow, because they are distancing themselves more and more the peaks of the mountains? “(Page 14), and reflects on the separation” are not we the gravediggers of the crisis? “(Idem)
He says about fanaticism: “and when he does not believe and seek to believe, he fanaticalises himself” (page 15), and he will say about the immediacy of his time (60s) “disappointed with his beliefs and his utopias, Accepts the proposal of those who were disappointed before him. He agrees with the immediate, because mediation did not arise: therefore live the means that are close to him, and no longer the ends. “(Idem), see the analogy with the media and life today, but in the 60’s!!!
And recommends for the crisis; “Do not deepen the abyss with your ideas, your attitudes, your religions, your beliefs, your arts” (page 17)
It gives a recipe for all crises: “distrust the abyss, when he speaks within you. Try to hear the sharp howl of the winds that blow on the tops. “(Idem)

SANTOS, Mario Ferreira dos. Filosofia da crise, São Paulo: É realizações, 2017.