Arquivo para September 28th, 2017

Dualism and Pharisaism

28 Sep

Dualism is a philosophical and cosmological conception of the world, based on twoaoDual principles or two irremediably opposed substances, and incapable of synthesis.
When we think in a dual way, it is almost inevitable that these two worlds are divided inwardly, so our cosmological conception and worldview will be dual.
Thomas Hyde wrote a work on the doctrine of Zoroaster (Veterum Persarum et Parthorum et Medorum Religionis Historia – 1700), with two principles and two deities, while Leibniz and Spinoza were monists, but they also used this in the philosophical sense, since the theory religious presence in both deserves long discussion.
It is curious that Manichaeism and Pharisaism have remained in the Western Christian cosmogonies, since St. Augustine is converted by abandoning this doctrine, but a philosophical question may explain this is the ontological oblivion and the question of being, but also the logical pragmatism and scientific, empiricism and other contributions are there.

John Searle stated: “Descartes’ greatest catastrophe is its dualism, the idea that reality is divided into two kinds of substances, matter and spirit. Descartes was unable to see this because he thought that consciousness could only exist in a soul, and the soul was not a part of the physical world “(Brain, Mind, and Consciousness: A Conversation with Philosopher John Searle), and for this questions about the mind and brain are current issues.
The dualism in philosophy has its consistent beginning (there are dual pre-Socratics) with Plato, (4th century BC) part of the conception that at the beginning of everything there were ideas in an incorporeal and eternal deity and she who had an ideal form “falls” in and forms the universe.
Part of the Christian cosmogony incorporates this “prototype” and links itself to fundamentalism with the allegory of “casting out Adam and Eve from paradise,” the Pharisees were a part of Judaism who aspired to rigor and absolute purity, especially in matters of liturgy, but there is the other aspect that is political and we would say philosophical to unite with power in ambiguous ways.
What is observed in everyday practice, as it is characteristic of dualism is to hide behind words and speeches, sometimes even appealing to “practice” with dubious attitudes.
What makes the contemporary world suspicious of these doctrines is precisely dualism