Arquivo para December 6th, 2017

Desert or nihilism

06 Dec

Put simply, nihilism is the absence of meaning of things that seems to reflect in theaoDesertNihil present day, this makes man not desire the feeling of emptiness, contemplation and desert that on the contrary seeks to capture the deeper meaning of things by doing an “inner silence” and not a nihilistic “void”.
For Nietzsche it was the belief in the categories of reason that made us believe in a world that was constructed by false references, and even critics in modernity, mostly when they do not perceive this idealistic and empty ‘psychological state’, are attached to it and go around in circles looking for answers now in a false subjectivism of various forms (religious, ideological and even poetic), or in a false objectivism of the “active vita” advocated by Hanna Arendt, but which the philosopher Byung-Chul completes with the “contemplative vita “.
On nihilism, according to Giacóia Junior (2007), “Nietzsche thematizes three forms of nihilism, considered as a ‘psychological state’, that is, as a content of reflective consciousness. In each of them, it is always a category of reason, which gives support to an interpretation of becoming and of the value of human existence in the current of becoming, “this falls to the dismay of” was all in go. ”
The second is a need for totality, what is now said as the absence of a single discourse, what Giacóia comments as: “form of nihilism as a psychological state is presided over by the category of” totality “- as a support for a global interpretation of become. The representation of a unity, of a global organization and systematization would connect the chaotic multiplicity of individual, contingent and ephemeral beings to an integrated and organic totality – a rational whole, of infinite value (pantheism, monism, etc.), promoting reconciliation between random finitude and necessary infinity, “as a complete discourse falls on simplism.
The third form, which is nothing more than a conjunction of the previous two, comments Giacomo, is a “form of nihilism arising as an awareness of the mendacity of the metaphysical world, and as disbelief in the category of truth – with the discovery that the coming- being is the only reality – a reality, however, that we can not bear. “, it usually turns to pure idealist subjectivism or to unbridled activism of being “doing. ”
The desert seen with the search for Being, openness to the state of activity of contemplation, or contemplation of activity, is an ontological turn, penetration in the subjective of Being