Arquivo para 2018

Neither yes nor no, the third excluded

31 Dec

Among the books I will not read are those of William Davies, a sociologist and English political economist, who wrote “How Feeling Took Over the World” and the book by Steven Levitsky & Daniel Ziblatt “How Democracies Die “, New York Times best seller.
In addition to such trivialities as the discovery of the dishonesty of traditional politicians, journalists and executives, a criticism of the growing fury of growing conservatism, which generates a crisis of confidence, little or almost nothing says where we will go, except to combat corruption, but it would fit the question which one? The right was never honest.
Between the Yes and the No, between Fora and Fica (left say this in Brazil), there was never a third option except for the case of Iceland that made a constitution by crowdsourcing and let banks and big companies bankrupt practically banning the state trash.
Portugal is a different case, a competent left creates a “geringonça”, in Brazil could be a gambiarra, but to overcome the ranks of “outside” and “no” seems difficult, but it is not impossible, we would be able to dialogue, after all many speak in dialogia.
The growing wave of conservatism is a bubble, the problem is what can replace it, a comic left of the type of Venezuela and Nicaragua is doomed to failure, creates an even stronger state that wants to dominate all the ins and outs of society. I have seen a lecture by Florent Pasquier of the Sorbonne of Paris, which shows that the excluded third exists, starting from Aristotle’s law that any proposition, or it is true, or its negation is, it seems at this historical moment to have become false.
Nor is it true that the left is incorruptible, in the case of Portugal only await the condemnation of Socrates, ex-prime minister, in Brazil there are controversial, but it is certain that someone absurdly stole the state, under the eyes of the left, nor is it true that the right will fight.
The third way is no longer the purism of the greens, a new left or a right that says not to be just “manager” politics, a third way must come from a broad dialogue between forces that are and can be even more representative of the people of aware parcels of society.
That 2019 is more dialogical, less emotional, not twisted and organized claque (fans clubes), but people willing to listen and talk.


Black Mirror: its is experience bandersnatch?

29 Dec

The movie-event’s launching expectation, in fact a false iteration to the public as there are only 5 possible endings for Stefan, the main character. Let’s go back, the Black Mirror TV series produced by Charlie Brooker in 2011 for British TV has obscure, suspicious and even satirical bids with the new technologies and for those who know the origin of the problems of modernity, little plunges deep into its crisis.
Netflix bought the series and divided it into 12 chapters, watched enough of them to see the dark and pessimistic side of new technologies, after all they’ve linked the world and even critics do not give up on handsets and applications that are important to the ubiquitous society. Returning to the film, it was released yesterday on Netflix and has 5 possible endings for the main character Stefan who at one point confuses reality and unreality (virtual is something else).
The possible endings for the movie released yesterday are: the more realistic is that Stefan discovers that the PAC (Program and Control) is a program done by the father who has used it since childhood, and is thus monitored by his father and his therapist the time all this is possible without any PAC.
The second “interactive” ending he discovers was the death of his mother in childhood, in an accident that the train was derailed and that he was not for having forgotten his plush rabbit and with this having missed the train, the rabbit had been hidden by the father, but possible and the PAC?
The third possible ending, Stefan’s father dies, but instead of bury him, choice decides to cut him to pieces, the young man manages to escape the accusations and ends the Bandersnatch game, bizarre and improbable.
In the final room Stefan shouts that someone is controlling it, there may appear on the screen of some users the Netflix logo (sic pure merchandising), when choosing Stefan’s computer begins to explain what is Netflix and there is almost a break of a fourth wall, who’s watching says he’s controlling Stefan, it’s a pass the ball to the public.
Following more or less the same steps as before, Stefan instead of fighting with the therapist, chooses to jump out the window, but in the end Stefan is an actor and receives the credits of it.
They say that there are other endings, but the fallacy is that the world of new technologies would be a form of control, now balls Nietzsche already complained of the control of society many before the movies, TV and new media, big brother is the state and the play of interess is the game.


Obedience or disobedience?

28 Dec

A confusing picture will begin in 2019, of course we should always believe and hope for the best, but the reasons for mistrust are many: disrespect for differences, lack of clear and purposeful dialogue, we ended the year with the stubbornness of building a wall in the USA, and now the yellow vests in France.
But arrogance and resentment should not lead the way towards a more egalitarian, more supportive future, respecting diversity and different cultures. We must go beyond the Yes and the No, imagine anything the portuguese as the Geringonça (Gambarra), who knows a Gambiarra of brazilian serious opposition, who supports what is good and rejects the negative, this includes seriously discussing the Brazilian economic crisis, even begin the environment a political reform and the moralization of the public service, including the judiciary, are unfavorable.
Not always obeying and accepting what is imposed is the best, disagreeing and even denounce when appropriate, but doing so always demoralizes the very concept and validity of the denunciations.
The biblical appeal grows, until now radical deputy Gleisi Hoffman appealed to the sacred text, so I remember the passage in which Jesus stays in the temple to dialogue with the “doctors of the law,” and the parents not finding him in the caravan return to the temple and inquire Jesus Lk 2:48: “My son, why did you do this to us? Look, your father and I were in anguish, looking for you. ”
They received an inconsistent response Lk 2:49: “Why did you search me? Do you not know that I should be in my Father’s house? “, But later on reading the sacred text says Lc 2,51:” Jesus went down with his parents to Nazareth and was obedient to them. ”
That is, curiously despite a contestation in essential points, the Master was obedient to the parents, and says the text that “grew in wisdom, stature and grace.” Thus it takes wisdom and much discernment to disagree, to be opposed only because the being will end up in disrepute and giving more arguments to authoritarianism, caution is needed.


Movies in 2018

27 Dec

Among those I’ve seen, of the best dramas “Infiltrado na Klan” (name in Brasil), whose name in Portugal is the original Blackkksman and Bohemian Rapsody are worth mentioning, besides they are indicated “Black Panther” and “If Beale Street Could Talk” that is in my list for see, and “A star is born.”
From what I actually saw in the movie of black cop Ron Stallworth (John David Washignton) who in 1978 managed to infiltrate the Ku Klux Khan, deserves the award for best film, perhaps the best consolation film for best actor.
Bohemian Rapsody boomed for Fred Mercury’s comments on homosexuality, however I find exaggerated the context of the film is to show his successful Queen band of the 1970s when the issue of Fred Mercury’s life was poorly commented and the band praised was more controversial, for example , the dismissal of Bryan Singer replaced by Dexter Fletcher.
Among the nominees for best comedy or musical, “Podres de ricos” is good comedy and “The Return of Mary Poppins” is bad musical, but I tell kids, they will like it, Green Book: The guide and “Vice” are second line , if winning will be a surprise. Lady Gaga has a curious cast as an actress, but it’s better to be a singer, as Glenn Close in “The Wife” and Melissa McCarthy “Can Your Ever Forgive Me?” yet the always-remembered Nicole Kidman “Destroyer” and Rosamund Pike in “A Private War.”
For best comedy or musical actress, Emily Blunt in “The Return of Mary Poppins” is a beard, but there may be surprises with Olivia Colman in “The Favorite” and Constance Wu in “Rich Rotters.”
Bradley Cooper directed “Born a Star”, Alfonso Cuaron of “Roma”, Spike lee of “Infiltrate in the Klan”, Peter Farrelly “Green Book: the Guide”, and the good director Adam McKay “Vice”.
Damien Chazelle (la la land), who describes the first steps of the man on the moon Neil Armstrong (played by Ryan Gosling), and develops unknown details of Amstrong as the loss of the daughter, showing from the existential even the human desire to overcome oneself in search of the unknown.
Ah yes was remembered for Justin Hurwitz’s best original track, a consolation.
There are many other indications, of course, but I stop here for my highlights, let’s wait for the Oscars, but the Golden Globe gives good tips.


What books will I read in next year?

26 Dec

Undoubtedly the first of Lisa, I have already commented in some posts, the recent book by Martha Nussbaum “The Monarchy of Fear” (Monarchy of fear, 2018) is the first in the list, if there is no sooner some translation in Portuguese or Spanish I will face the Englishman himself.
A book that makes some success in Portugal is “The Secret Life of Trees” (Parchment, 2016), I have not read or seen comments I just know that its author Peter Wohlleben is a forester and promises to tell many fascinating and even astounding stories about the characteristics of trees, as their forms of communication that are already admitted by science.
There is something Brazilian interesting, many things, Clovis de Barros Filho has released “Gods for Clarice”, from Benvira publisher, his comments are always very interesting, and the author promises to delve into the world of mythologies in the complex world of Chaos, Gaia, Chronos, Aphrodite and other characters from Greek mythology, but through real characters placed in dialogue, the proposal is interesting and innovative.
To make my own aporia (my dead end), I will read “A Brief History of Philosophy” (2011) of a philosopher.weblog with it is entitled, English Nigel Warburton is known as disseminator and popularizer of philosophy, is a full professor of the Open University which is another particular interest and lastly wrote about “The question of art” (), there will be surprises?
Of course I have my scholastic duties, in particular the epistemology: revision of some texts of Hans Georg Gadamer, Edmund Husserl, Popper and Thomas Khun, and others that usually appear and occupy our mind.
Good readings in the coming year, I have just read that Brazil is the 5th most ignorant country in the world, sad … who knows someday we will reverse this, starting with us: read more.


Things that do not know about Christmas

24 Dec

The first time should be the birth of Jesus, it is clear that a given is inaccurate, since the response time is no more than Caio Julio César Octavian Augustus, who was emperor of 27 BC a 14 AD is a given, but the year is complete in previous years, that is, we are lagged from 6 to 8 years, due to a disavowal in the calendar of Julio Cesar.
It was Pope Gregory XIII (1502-1585) who, on February 24, 1582, through the Bula Inter gravíssimas, substantive of the Julian calendar, correcting it with leap years, as the month of February alternated to 29 days of six in six months, and the alternate months of 30 and 31 days, but the defenses of the birth of Jesus remained The birth of Jesus is the second year, although one fact is uncertain, through the Momentum Ancyranun, the Augustus discovered three repetitions in his Empire.
The crib was created by St. Francis of Assisi, and the animals were inserted by Francis’s love for animals and nature, but the tree later came to Germany. The pines were found in Christmas in Germany, were included apples and precious stones, as the oldest and later plates, but a England that popularized the pines.
The Happy Night Music was created by Father Joseph Mohr who asked the music friend no less than Franz Gruber who turns his poem into music, a few hours of Christmas made a simple melody for guitar, a story of orgasm and others are legends in 1818 was sung for the first time and became a more popular Christmas song.
The Jingle Bells Music was created by James Pierpoint in 1857, perhaps because of their appearance, but as spinning they already existed when the pines went to England, all the talk of running in the snow if sled pulled by the horse, then the sled and the snow came in at Christmas. In 1965 was played in the space ship Apollo, becoming the first music in space.
The Statue of Liberty, designed by the French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, was held by Gustave Eiffel, although it was published on October 28, 1886, it was a Christmas gift of Liberty to the American people.
The kindly figure of the old bearded Christmas man who is to be seen as a gift for the Catholic century IV who on Christmas Eve carried presents as the most humble children, a figure of Santa Claus (popular Christmas Dad in Portugal) for a post in years ago clarifying an advertisement for soda started in 1920. 
For Christians it is the arrival of Emanuel, the God with us, the presence of the divine among men to never go out again, salvation comes not only from belief in this fact, but mainly in the experience of his teachings in everyday life: love everyone, build a just world, remember who suffers and make a new World.


The Marian Ascetic

21 Dec

One can perfectly ask: does God exist because He does not appear soon and shows His face? It would be easier to recognize and accept him, now this has been done, the problem is to accept a God child born in Bethlehem.
It was just, but waiting for the Jewish people in the previous period of the Messiah’s coming, said the prophet Micah (Micah 5: 2) “God will leave his people to give up until the time a mother gives birth; and the rest of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel”.
When Jesus is born, two realities are preparatory, the asceticism of John the Baptist, his cousin who had recognized him in the womb of his mother Elizabeth, when Maria visits her already pregnant, and after adult John goes to the desert, lives on eating insects and honey , a harsh asceticism, and a preaching of preparation for coming changes. Jesus’ asceticism begins with a pregnant Mary who receives the salutation of Elizabeth (Luke 1: 42-43): “Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb! How can I deserve the mother of my Lord to visit me? ”
What do exegetes and Bible scholars say about this small stretch, the center of revelation and the asceticism of a unborn child? What does the mother of my Lord mean?
The asceticism and revolutions of this boy-God begin with his mother Mary, who will remain almost silent throughout the Bible, but not absent, the capacity for expeta, the “contemplative life” that the philosopher Byung-Chul Han complains, a noisy world without listening.
Ascesis is extremely useful for the contemporary world, and begins with the Marian Paideia, the listening, the female presence in the machista world, authoritarian and noisy; the present world needs silence, openness and acceptance of the Other.
The painting by Fra Angelico called “the virgin of humility” of the pre-Renaissance (1395-1455) illustrates this face of Mary well (picture).
The asceticism of John the Baptist is not despicable, it was preparation for the coming, we must go beyond to find joy, comfort and why not pleasure in listening, in silence and in meditation.
The man who claims to be practical, active and protagonist, needs to stop, to recover the senses in order to feel that he is also “blessed” and not “cursed”. May a new ascetic begin at new world.


Paideia´s Marian

20 Dec

Plato considered a theory of all education, or a Paideia: “It is a thing that gives man the desire to become a perfect citizen and a command to obey, having justice as a foundation” (Jaeger 1995: 147) .
That is, he becomes socially active and a society and defender of justice. What can you do when you talk about context to the classical or modern context, the metaphor of “giving birth” to the new world, the new man, and why a new society is welcome in times of crisis and obscurity.
The Socratic maieutics of those who come as platonic reflections had the meaning of “giving birth”, “giving birth” to knowledge and not relating to the audience, but also as an idea of becoming, giving birth to new knowledge will emerge new world.
Many hours are the indicators of birth pangs, such as economic crises, emigration, social and ecological crises, but also the deepest crises of the crisis of thought. We only hear copyright on the side effects: the net effects on the use of technology, but not on the effects on nature.
The Marian word in the biblical text is its acceptance of the evangelical name: “make the second word to me” (Lk 1:38) to the new world.
Believing and hoping that this world is, that we are at the advent of the new humanity, of new horizons in the fusion of different cultural horizons of the whole planet, is accepting the future of the future “childbirth”, which will not come without pain.

Paul Gauguin’s Nativity Painting, from 1896 (picture), shows an inculturated Jesus of Tahiti.Hope in a new world, how cultures in contact and development are so ferocious and capable of forming a planetary humanity, a new planetary dialogic. A homeland described by Edgar Morin, a man-world.
Jaeger, Werner. Paidéia, a Formação do Homem Grego. (Paidéia, a formation of the Greek man) Brazil-SP: Martins Fontes, 1995, p. 147.


A more human biblic Mary

19 Dec

A 15-year-old girl realizes that she will be a mother in a difficult way to understand, despite being deeply religious, and having the courage to assume what was for her a Will of God, would certainly be shaken, as indeed it was, says the Bible reading Lk 1: 27-28:
“The angel, coming to her, said,” Rejoice, gracious, the Lord is with you! ”
Maria was troubled by these words, wondering what that greeting might mean.
She says she does not know (have related to) any man, so the angel explains Lk 1:35:
“The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So he who is to be born will be called the Holy One, the Son of God.”
Faced with the perplexity of the adolescent, the angel gives her a key to read Lk 1:36:
“And Elizabeth, her kinswoman, shall have a son in old age; that which was said to be barren is already in its sixth month of gestation. ”
“The angel answered,” The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you, so that he who is to be born will be called Holy, Son of God. ”
And it says here that it is used by religious in various contexts and should not be Lk 1, 37:
“For nothing is impossible with God.”
Curiously, it is almost always those who use the biblical text those who least believe that Mary was special in the eyes of God and men, but there are also those who do not see the frailty and the doubts of this young adolescent who runs the cousin’s house, just because of the angel’s reading key: “Elizabeth, her kinswoman, will have a son in old age,” and probably this instigated Mary to visit her (in the picture, the Visitation of Raphael, 1517).
The following reading reads, that days later, Mary was “hurriedly into the mountainous lands of Judea,” the village where Elizabeth lived, who was pregnant with John the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus, and Zechariah her husband who had been mute to the knowledge of conception.
Now Mary had not yet sung her song, the so-called Magnificat, and it is very probable that her heart still had doubts and was still part of the initial shock. He says that as soon as Mary greeted the cousin, the child of Elizabeth (John the Baptist) jumped in her womb, and Elizabeth was “full of the Holy Spirit”, we spoke in the previous post about the role of this little understood God, the Holy Spirit.
Like the ontoanthropological relationship with Eve, there is an ontotheological relationship with Izabel, her cousin, and only then does she sing her song Lc 1, 46-48)
“And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior; Because he looked upon the humility of his maidservant; For behold, from now on all generations will call me blessed, “which is a proto-gospel of Mary, from which one can draw also a relationship with the Hail Mary of the Catholics, which has biblical reference Lc 1,42.


A non-Manichean view of Mary

18 Dec

Mary is a mother of Jesus, woman without blemish, Mother of God (back) in the next post, here we want the freedom to leave with Eve, the first created creation, the metaphorical meaning is evident for non-creationists.
What is evil in Eve? What is evil in Eve, what is done to mankind, as is the case of wars, brother against brother, man against man, as Violence is often created and inhuman words. What exists, as it is ontological, is possible for man within a structure to be hostile to his practical existence against, against others and against nature.
The genesis, “but God created all and saw that it was good” (Gen. 1:31), was introduced to a new reality, being a dream to live without wars, and to see “new dreams and new lands”, but this is Human mission , divine intervention is about the ordinary “extra”, a world-land.
A mystic American painting painted Mary in this way (photo), in relationship with Eve, where Mary made the head of the snake, Eve, two women, and Eva touches and belly of pregnant Mary, where a boy will be born.
The captor called the painting “Virgin Mary Consoles Eve”, the consolador par excellence in the sense of being the God Holy Spirit, perhaps the means clear and known by hermeneutics and exegetes, some confuse it with a clairvoyance, others with the very meaning of baptism.
A little exercise exegesis helps understanding, when Jesus is to send the Paraclete, the defender, or else, the Holy Spirit dwells in us, in this sense the process is the beginning of a process, we prefer a hermeneutic relationship between the Father and the Son.
The era we live in is global communication, relationship, and is already as famous as the relationship, ie the time of divisions.
Also a mixture between evil and evil, wars, violence and injustices, but the contact and a relationship of transformation or in process of transformation.
Lack of contact is almost always an indication that evil will continue or increase, methods of violence in the history of mankind have built history, but not without resentment and rebuke, it is time for change without violence, for education and conscience.
The advent we expect this Christmas and for the year that begins is the advent of Paideia, humanistic education without violence or impositions, in fact Paideia of the Greek comes from giving birth, the fruit of the womb of Mary that Eva plays, the new one that to come, the Advent of Christmas.