Arquivo para March 8th, 2018

The separation between truth and reality

08 Mar
The idea in modernity that an objective truth is different from reality, for this is to deny Thomist realism andaoObjetive resume nominalist subjectivity, now travestida in idea, is a rupture with being.
For the ancient Greeks, truth and reality were one thing, so Martin Heidegger in being and time takes up this sense by studying the etymology of the word where a-letheia, distinct from the concept of “truth” is an objective descriptive state, where a-letheia means “unveiling” in Heidegger’s translation, for lethe means forgetfulness, in the sense of concealment.
Philosophies aside, what this means is that we rely too much on objective reality as a criterion of truth, and almost always it contains a veil of appearance, and we must give it meaning from Being.
The truth, therefore, for Heidegger lies in the discovery, where appearances are deceived and what is true is concealed amid words typical of nominalism, where a good concept can try to explain something, but is not the essence of this something, is just their appearance.
What Descartes spoke of suspending the judgment of things means while being to suspend also its own ego principle that is only possible in relation to the other, suspended the judgment but not the ego, since it is not the presence of the other that counts , but the concept, the name and its definition.
Another word used by the Greeks and important in this context is the word phronésis, which is both harmony and happiness, so strong that many authors claim that it is impossible to have phronesis in the past.
On the other hand phronesis is a concept almost forgotten, because of its subjectivity, since it is less proper to reason, and we are more committed to the veritas of Roman law, the truth of “facts”, which is nothing more than a narrative, nor always contextual and true.
“The essence of truth was revealed as freedom. This is the letting-go being that unveils the being. All open behavior moves in the being-of-being of the being and relates to this or that particular entity. Freedom has previously placed the behavior in harmony with the being in its totality … “(HEIDEGGER, Philosophical Conferences and Writings, In Col. Os pensadores, Nova Cultural, 1991, p.130)
For the modern, truths are facts, for the ancients they are aletéia and phronesis, near to sense of the objetive and target, but more general.
Truth is the unveiling, for Heidegger, that which shows.