Arquivo para July 20th, 2018

Urgent: agreement against lethal AI

20 Jul

Newspapers and magazines around the world are giving a breakthrough for the future of the world and AI for the second time more than 150 companies and 2,400 people from 90 different countries sign an agreement not to participate in the manufacture, use and trade of autonomous weapons including Google DeepMind, XPRIZE Foundation and Elon Musk.

It is to hold the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence that ended yesterday in Stockholm, Sweden and the compromise pact was organized by Future of Life Institute.

Almost a year ago specialists in AI and robotics signed an open letter to the United Nations to suspend the use of autonomous weapons that were threatening us with a “3rd revolution in the war.”

They pointed out at the time that “autonomous robots” mean weapons that can identify, target and kill autonomously, that is, no person makes the final decision to authorize lethal force: the decision and authorization on whether or not one will die is left to a system or algorithm on a deadly machine.

Australian professor Toby Walsh of the University of New South Wales stressed that the new lethal weapons involve ethical questions: “We can not hand over the decision about who lives and how it dies for the machines.”

Professor Walsh was among a group of Australian researchers in robotics and artificial intelligence who in November 2017 asked Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to take a stand against the artificial intelligence weaponry.

All serious researchers in this area are certainly supportive and vigilante.


Retreat, desert and epoché

20 Jul

Being in Portugal, I participate from this weekend of a “doctoral retreat”, in a cultural center, in the heart of the Alfama district of Lisbon.
As is common expression in the streets of Lisbon, “comes in handy”, also the readings of Byung Chul Han helped me, he proposes “Contemplative delay presupposes that things last.”
The active vita is that which is dominated at all by labor and by a vertiginous accumulation of capital enclosed within the pure limits of the dialectic of production and consumption.
Homo laborans is inevitably forbidden to the time of rest, of leisure, but the present forms associated with rest or passive entertainment are nothing other than panaceas that do not integrate the deepest of “being.”
There is an Aristotelian notion (the so-called bios theoretikos) founded on the reflection and aesthetic analysis of the world, perhaps this is more appropriate than other analyzes that oppose only the systematic and frenetic “laborans” or “creative leisure” and other remedies.
It takes an “essential emptiness”, a real “arethé” (a virtuous circle, an excellence not a simple specialization) to arrive at a-letheia, the unveiling of truth and reality, a true “epoché” is needed.
It is said of modern epoché, the cogito of reason did not suspend the ego, it was Husserl who went beyond the so-called “evidence of cogitatio” in generalizing the suspension of judgment, and saying that it is necessary to “go the thing by itself”, this is almost a “uprooting,” which Heidegger and other modern existentialists will deny.
The intentional object of Husserl oscillates between the immanent character of the noema and that which transcends the noema itself, so it is a third concept of transcendence surpassed the theocentric and the egocentric.
The Husserl patron of part I of The Crisis of European Humanity and Philosophy – conference given in 1935 in the Kulturbund of Vienna, will criticize the particular cultural form invented by the Greeks, a kind of “Radicality” that is proper to it, and that the finite (circumstantial and episodic) goals are linked to the original meaning of the ideas of “Good”, “Fair” and “Beautiful”, but never separated from ” ideal “and dual: being is and non-being is not.
The negativity proposed by Byung Chul and others (Gadamer for example), is neither positivist negation nor even Hegelian dialectic negation, linked to Greek thinking, is a negation within the “epoché” to bring forth the “new” anything.
Whoever can not go to the desert, does not retreat and does not transcend, does not abandon the ego, does not go to the desert, only “transcends” and affirms nihilism