Arquivo para February 4th, 2019

Thinking and linearity

04 Feb

The linearity of thought is so impregnated in contemporary culture that even expressions such as “a straight man,” “righteousness,” or equivalents become synonymous with fairness, good, and social harmony.
This is more connected to mathematical reasoning than to empirical reasoning. It is no coincidence that the examples formulated by the rationalists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries used the triangles as examples of the idea of universals, and even in this case separated subjects from objects, not by chance either Descartes (1596 1650) and Leibniz (1646-1716), were also mathematicians.
For rationalism both ethical and aesthetic ideas, as well as Justice, Virtue and Beauty, must also be objects of the World of Ideas, so a whole construction was made according to this way of thinking that is now in crisis, because the separation produced a Being that is strange to Thing, to the Ens (thins that being), making a pun: the problem of the Being of the Thing (in portuguese make a word sick: Do-ente).
Fundamentalists, having an intuitive basis for contemporary thinking, argue that Being is “spirit”, which has little or nothing to do with spirituality or religion, on the other hand the materialists argue that we are pure beings, to be of nature and thus substance.
The empiricist prior to Kant, the Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711 1776), while admitting that all ideas derive from experience, denied the method with the use of induction: “What is the basis of all conclusions from experience?” (Hume, 1985: 37), or how is the passage from observational statements to universal statements justifiable?
Hegel intended to take this to the spiritual plane in still idealistic Spirit Phenomenology. Although idealism / empiricism could appear to be a complete epistemological system, in 1829 Lobachevsky developed non-Euclidean geometries, then came the hard surfaces (photo) of Rieman (1826-1866) whose generalization takes the dimensions of Haussdorf (1868-1942) and to fractals, who also wrote about philosophy as “Paul Mongré”.
But it is not only the complexity of physics and mathematics, the ontological resumption of being goes beyond logicism and empiricism, it is the ontological resumption.
HUME, D. Research on human understanding (portuguese edition), Lisbon: Ed. 70,1985.