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Arquivo para March 8th, 2019

Temperance, virtual, addictions and virtues.

08 Mar

Virtual comes from the same virtue root of the Latin virtus, it means that something is potential and must be actualized (one or more times, being infinite) to be a real “virtue”, something that is good, goodness or beautiful, if deterioration is an addiction that must also be updated, to upgrade must be practiced with an “ascesis”, a way to evolve.
What characterizes contemporaneity is a non-spiritual asceticism, that is, a “life of exercises”, says Sloterdijk, we must do “exercises” to eat, to have a certain way, to change this or that, but without this actually means some evolution spiritual, means to change only material or bodily conditions unrelated to the spiritual, the ancestral wisdom, not only Judeo-Christian, but also Eastern, African, Hindu and Arab knew of this, where was everything lost?
Where all civilizations and societies have been lost, the so-called “intemperance”, or lack of balance: financial, health, work or any aspect of daily life.
One of the four works of Aristotle’s Ethics, disputed as true by some scholars, is The Vices and Virtues, the shortest, which establishes Valid or not, the work must be read.
In it Aristotle establishes that there is no innate virtue, are acquired by the repetition of acts, generating the custom, one should not deviate neither by the lack, nor by the excess, since virtue consists in the just far from both extremes.
In speaking of vices and virtues in Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle clarifies: “And each of them, in a way, opposes the other two, since the extreme dispositions are contrary to both the middle and the middle, , and the middle is contrary to the extreme dispositions, just as the average is greater in relation to the smaller and smaller in relation to the greater, also the median states are excessive in relation to the deficiencies and deficient when compared with the excesses, be it in the passions, or in the action”, in thinking virtue as a means Aristotle thinks of it as temperance, or equilibrium.
The virtues are, however, more than this, in present terms the despiritualization corresponds to the desire to respond to the spiritual appealing only to the material question, when in fact it is in the spiritual that there is this comfort, the temptation when the devil tells Jesus to turn the stone into bread and so forth, Jesus responds: “The scripture says: man not only lives bread”, so it may be in a mystic or an ascesis (an exercise), but without spirituality.
These passages are found in the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 4: 1-11, Mark 1: 12,13, and Luke 4: 1-13), here fixed in Luke 4: 1-13 as the most “Christocentric”, in Botticelli’s painting of 1481-82 which is on the ceiling of the Cistina Chapel there is a picture (figure above).
The second greatest vice is undoubtedly power, of which there are dictators, corrupts and so many abuses that one sees today in a “statocentric” concept (the state is enough), the structures of power can also be religious, ideological or cultural, to the saying that he would give all power to Jesus if he worshiped evil, Jesus answers: “You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.”
Finally the temptation for spiritual excellence, when acquiring certain spirituality or religion judges itself superior to the other people of humanity, the devil tells Jesus to throw himself on the precipice that the angels will save him, Jesus responds: “you will not tempt the Lord your God”, is the final battle because it is actually what the Devil tries to do with Jesus who is God, was tempting him.
It can be summed up in three vices of spirituality: forgetting the spiritual aspect and focusing only on the material (it is important), worshiping structures of power that are nothing but structures and finally judging oneself superior by having spirituality, addiction of many “religious” people, but they should not stand above God and his wisdom.

The music in vídeo of CLARITY speak about it: