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Arquivo para May 29th, 2019

The issue of indistinction

29 May

The English word is difficult, it is not difference or distinction, so we use indistinction, but in the rest of the text we will use distinction even in the sense of not being the same as different.
Whoever imagines that this subject should begin with some question of races, genres or other important diversity, surprises itself with the book of Bordieu “The distinction: social critic of the judgment” that goes to the foundation of the culture with the esthetic and ethical question.
This is wise because nothing is more in check when we speak of difference as both issues, and so introduces the distinguished by what he has most essential.
Arguing on contemporary aesthetics, he says that in order to reconstruct his logic: “popular aesthetics appears as the negative reverse of Kantian aesthetics and that the popular ethos implicitly opposes a thesis that contradicts the analytic of Belo in each of its propositions. “(BORDIEU, 2008, page 43).
In his polemics with aesthetic “popular taste” he opposes the Kantian aesthetic, which sums up how: “Taste is always barbaric when the mixture of attractiveness and emotions comes together with satisfaction and, better yet, one can transform it into a measure of his assent “(Bordieu, 2008: 44), which refers to the Kantian text Critique of Judgment.
As the text advances, and it is done with great density and for this reason it is impossible to simplify or less write down all important passages, it goes to social space, then to lifestyles, the dynamics of the fields, another essential category of Bordieu who sees the “Areas” or “social spaces” in a less watertight and more dynamic way.
Until arriving at the production of tastes and their relationship with social stratification, and finally immerse themselves in Culture and Politics, where personal opinion and school and self-taught, topics that are highly relevant at the present time.
The high point for the subject matter of difference, already made the scores of Deleuze and Derridá, now in Bordieu go to the distinction, where he presents, from the point of view of the ruling class, three modes of distinction that brings out three items: “food, culture and expenses with presentation of self and with representation (clothing, beauty care, toiletries, service personnel)”.
In Bordieu, the logic of distinction applies to the system of inclusion and exclusion, whose relations are linked to the symbolic and economic aspects, although it seems a “stylization of life”, show that at the root of these “symbols” are the differential deviations, which he calls structures of homologies or oppositions, as a system of social significance.
BORDIEU, P. A distinção: critica social do julgamento. The distinction: social critique of judgment. Trad. Daniela Kern. São Paulo: Edusp, 2008.