Arquivo para November 18th, 2019

Science and Karl Popper

18 Nov

One of the greatest contributions to the thinking of science remains little known, one of the great masters of the philosophy of science of our time Karl Popper (1902-1994), though quoted and influencing virtually every area of ​​human knowledge, is still poorly read. Born in Vienna, he emigrated to New Zealand and after the end of the war became a teaching assistant at the London School of the Economics in scientific method and became a teacher in 1949.

Received direct influence from the Vienna circle having worked on his doctorate with Moritz Schlick, Circle coordinator, with the thesis Zur Methodenfrage der Denkpsychologie (On the question of the method of psychological thinking), then wrote his work in German, which would have an English edition. rewritten in 1959, which modified some points. Among the changed points is the question of method: “an asymmetry between verifiability and falsifiability; an asymmetry that results from the logical form of universal statements.

For they are never derivable from singular statements, but may be contradicted by singular statements “(page 19 of the English edition). He was a supporter communism but became adept at the liberal ideas of Ludwig Von Misses and F. Hayek, wrote in 1945 the book “Open society and its enemies”, showing the dangers of totalitarianism and in its democratic ideas the state should have limited and controlled power.

This book, too, was later revised in 1966, when it was published the 4th. edition.

He has published several books, including (books published in Portuguese), objective knowledge: an evolutionary approach (ed. Itatiaia, 1972, ed. USP, 1975), The Misery of Historicism (Cultrix, 1980), Critical Rationalism in Politics (Don Quixote, 1987), Open Society, Open Universe (1987), The Open Universe – Arguments for Indeterminism (Don Quixote, 1988), The Myth of Context. Lisbon: Issues 70, 1999) and The World of Parmenides: Pre-Socratic Enlightenment (ed. UNESP, 2014).

He was opposed to Bertrand Russell of the scientific idea of ​​induction from Hume’s empiricism, but he also opposed justificationism, which opposes the idea of ​​reason to the theory of reason, and as Bartley he was “the first unjustified philosophy. of criticism in the history of philosophy”.

His scientific method is in favor of falsificationism, according to which a theory in the empirical sciences can never be proved, but can be falsified, which means it must have decisive experiments, although not every theory can have them.

Received the Kyoto Prize, a kind of Japanese Nobel Prize, but in distinct areas of the Nobel Prize, is seen as a contribution to the work of humanity and its areas are: advanced technology, basic science, art and philosophy, the prize itself shows Japanese education. more open than the western, Karl Popper was awarded in 1992 in the field of philosophy.

Here’s the video of your political vision in a documentary called Philosophy against False Prophets: