Arquivo para December, 2019

Is there still the spirit of Christmas?

16 Dec

It is a notorious fact that the idea has gradually changed, symbols like Santa Claus and even gnomes, snow that only exists in the northern hemisphere, in the south is very hot, changed the original meaning where families gathered to live a joyful and fraternal moment.
However, solidarity, the remembrance of the poor, especially children, can still be seen to persist, campaigns are organized in various ways and thus recall what in the Christian sense was a poor child, born without a place for childbirth, practically a migrant for the persecution of Herod, but with recognition of shepherds and kings from the east.
The deepest meaning is that in the human soul lies a hope of peace, of the distribution of wealth, of the struggle against the impoverishment and the coldness that gradually pervades the planet, only the struggle for power and fortune. in last week’s posts) seems to have stolen the dream space of a more humane world for all.
Even though it is a localized date, which seems to be false for what you live for the rest of the year, I think keeping the flame of true love for those who suffer and for humanity is fair.
In companies and public spaces solidarity resists the temptation of luxury and power by those who think little or nothing about the majority of the suffering population, in Japan it is the custom among Christians (who are a tiny minority) to visit hospitals in some Brazilian homes.
The gathering of relatives and friends is common and made with a certain reminder of that true meaning.
Overcoming hatred, indifference (in many countries this is practically a social reality) and slowly changing the hostile, cold and insecure environment that is becoming the heavy and unfriendly social climate for change is important, even though it seems like a one-off effort. unproductive.
The anguish (we remember the philosophical sense) and the frustrating social environment can make room for new dreams and think of a healthy possible future for all humanity, while remembering that nature is part of this scenario, and sincerely wish for a simple Christmas, humility but true in heart and feelings.
Dreaming of the birth of a generous future for all humanity is a possible, achievable dream.


Desert, existence and dreaming

13 Dec

Existence already pointed out here depends on living the instant that passes, time of change imply to know and know that there are moments of desert in which existence itself seems in check at this moment must not stop dreaming, a future to come.
What we seek or what we find in the desert is the understanding of what we have developed this week in anguish, not the one that leads to frustration, but just without opposite, in the developed concept we aim not to live on borrowed meanings, to look at it as an opportunity.
The second feeling of desert is that which philosopher Kierkegaard has pointed to as repetition, the feeling that everything has stopped and there is nothing but the desert, existence has stopped and it may even seem that it has ended, there is another repetition that aims in the essentials. that is boy to go beyond.
She deals with frustration and keeps us dreaming, but we affirm it is not the pleasures, the fortune (here in the financial sense) and not even letting it happen and leaving the world as it is that dreams are found even in a desert.
Precisely because it is changing times, values and feelings are boiling, that we can find new dreams, achievable of course, but sometimes even crazy can be achievable.
What separates one from the other is not the depth of a dream, but the perpetuity of what one seeks, if we seek only the pleasures, the power or the preponderance over the Other, they are not dreams, they are at the very least evasive of true dreams, not they are generous to all mankind.
But what is most sought after is these transient dreams, and frustration follows them almost inevitably, of course some will get rich, will have ecstasies of value, but at a high cost.
It is like the biblical passage, when receiving the disciples of John the Baptist who lived in the desert, said the multitudes who followed him (Mt 11: 7-9): “What were you to see in the desert? A reed shaken with the wind? What did you see? A man dressed in fine clothes? But those who wear fine clothes are in the palaces of kings. 9So what were you to see? A prophet? ”, a prophecy is also a dream.

It takes philosophical anguish to dream, to enter a virtuous circle of a dream come true.


Anguish, existence and vanity

12 Dec

As we have already discussed, the anguish of our time is the tension with Being, maintaining “authenticity with oneself”, not being carried away by the current of expectations and impositions of temporal powers, and thus dealing with the frustrations of holding firm perennial values ​​and dealing with oneself. with the transients.

From this stems the search for an existence where there is Fortune (our happiness), but the Greeks who used reference to the goddess Fortuna (picture), knew well that it was not related to the possession of goods, as stated Heraclitus of Ephesus: “if the If happiness were in the pleasures of the body, we would say happy oxen when they find peas to eat, ”some prefer peas.

When we do not live the repetition as expounded by Professor Giacóia in the sense of seeking the essence, we enter the repetition of sameness that lives from fear, which leads us to live in impropriety, we do not attribute meaning (or meaning some prefer), we let others and circumstances attribute it, we live the worst alienation, the alienation of ourselves, running everywhere with full and empty agendas at the same time.

We live for a purpose that has no end, in the sense of goal, but “borrowed” meanings of daily life, conjunctures and contexts. Anguish produces the opposite effect. It opens up the possibility of finding what I am within a proper sense of life.

It is the reunion with the Self, open to the world and the Other, without implying either individual closure or depersonalization of the environment, today with the strong pressure of psychopower, as thinker Byung Chul Han defines the essential pressure of this time.

What we seek, what is our goal, should ultimately be seen as end, never as temporal: money, power, wealth or simply some vanity.


Anguish, existence and Being

11 Dec

As we said in the previous post, you can get information about philosophy, but formation depends on thought, depends on the availability to think and not just repeat, here we find in this second topic, already developed by Professor.

Dr. Giacóia in the previous video, repetition can be seen as submission to the rules, laws of nature, society at last a set of situations that imprisons you, as can be an awareness of who you really are, what your true nature is, so repeating is the possibility of being in the present and projecting into the future then enters into existence.

Access to human existence in a new kind of record implies an articulation of meaning for Being and life, the path taken from Husserl to Heidegger, and then with Gadamer is what links hermeneutics to ontology, and in Gadamer the text is explicit. hermeneutic circle method.

It can be thus described by following Gadamer’s reasoning: it must not be degraded to a vicious circle, even if it is tolerated, in it it holds a positive possibility of originating knowledge, which, of course, will only be properly understood when interpretation understands its task. first.

This constant first and last task remains that of not receiving beforehand, through a “happy idea” or through popular concepts, neither the previous position nor the previous vision, but in securing the scientific theme in the elaboration of these concepts. from the same thing. (GADAMER, 1998, p. 401).

Considering the method we return to the essential question of Being, which is the forgetting in Western philosophy of this concept from Plato to Nietzsche, and thus we have a metaphysics or its negation, both incompletely because such an essential concept has not been addressed.

It is the forgetting of being, which the philosopher diagnoses throughout the Western philosophical tradition, beginning with Plato and extending to Nietzsche. In his work “What is metaphysical” (written in 1929), Heidegger defines existence as follows: “The word existence means a way of being and, undoubtedly, of the being of that being that is open to the opening of being, in which lies while sustaining it.” (HEIDEGGER,1989, p.59).

Without this essential category discussion and thought are tied to the “being,” which Thomas Aquinas defines it thus: “From which it follows that the essence, by which a thing is called the ‘being,’ is not only form, nor only matter, but both, although in its own way only form is the cause of this being ”(AQUINO, p. 10).

Thus we have beyond Being, its aggregate category of being, which is inseparable from it essential concept.

AQUINO, T. O Ente e a Essência, Universidade da Beira Interior. LusoSofia.Press, Covilhã, PT, 2008.

HEIDEGGER, Martin. Que é metafísica? In: HEIDEGGER, Martin. Conferências e escritos filosóficos. São Paulo: Abril Cultural, 1989.

GADAMER, H.G. Verdade e Método: Traços fundamentais de uma hermenêutica filosófica. Tradução de Flávio Paulo Meurer. 2. ed. Petrópolis: Vozes, 1998.



Thought, anguish and hope

10 Dec

It could have put philosophy instead of thought, but one idea is to say that thought is a “formator” of philosophy, one could say a proto-philosophy, different from the formation of fact, data and established knowledge, to say -It was an episteme, a training class and philosophy.
I would say in a personal sample that the human goal is happiness (or luck of the Greeks, which is not money, but luck next to luck, goddess Fortuna), and a central question is what we are and our destiny. Socrates thought of training by asking questions, some driving by making irony with no sense of contestation or common thinking.
Plato thought of training “citizen” for his Republic and Aristotle thought of “training” without a sense of democracy, which was still oligarchy, and that was why aristocracy originated.
A modern philosophy with Kant, Hume and Hegel creates the modern state as its structures and originates its formation, the ideas of our time are still Kantian idealism or Hume’s inductive empiricism and Hegel idealism, neither Marx nor that.
There is an “other” philosophy, an answer yes, a phenomenology, an ontology, or existentialism, but today there is a range of formations, aimed at Peter Sloterdijk and Byung Chull Han.
Those who have taken an initial step in this “formation” for SØren Kierkegaard, and three core ideas can explore their formation: an irony, an anguish and a repetition.
Irony is thought of as verire eirein (ask), but with no sense of ignorance.
Here anguish is central to us, not the psychological aspect that also makes sense, but the philosophical anguish, the central point of “formation,” this is the aspect of the question or what we call happiness in the present day, as well as We do not engage in frustration, we are “obliged” to be happy, not full happiness, but of the pleasures and immediate consumptions.
Anguish has a relationship of “authenticity to itself” (something essential of identity) and it is what makes us live well the instant that passes, see in the video below.
The life of hope is not to be confused with this passing one, but one that points to goods that are “durable”, that is, values and principles. say modern philosophical ontology.
The video of brazilian Dr. Oswaldo Giacóia Jr clarifies this thought:


With your back to the future

09 Dec

Whenever there is a cause or an “ideal”, here in the different sense of philosophy because it is the goal to be achieved, we focus on it and we do not always think about humanity, to move to the future, is to do what Plato proposed to the philosopher. when leaving the cave return to give sight to others beyond the shadows.
The metaphor is perfect, but there is also a biblical metaphor (1 Cor 13:12): “Now we see in a mirror, confusedly; but then we will see face to face.
Now I know only part of it, but then I will know it completely, as I am known. ” My interpretation, unlike the exegetes, is that in the mirror we see ourselves as “being” but not our own Being, and I think that this metaphor applies to our time, it is time for parousia, for “unveiling”.
Because we discover the whole, which is the Other, the Being not only human but also nature and the universe that “unveils” itself as matter and dark energy, hitherto little known.
But on the most earthly plane, we discover and have to live with other peoples, other cultures, technology is advancing at breathtaking pace, while nature is showing signs of exhaustion.
This is a time that the first point that should be changed is thinking, Edgar Morin and others have claimed, of course, the central aspect to analyze is why this does not happen, the biblical metaphor explains.
It is because “I know only the part,” even when we look at the thought, it is regional, within the unique logic of the author or the philosophical correctness it represents, and what is the whole but life and its phenomena.
Looking at life is necessary to look at the Other, which is not the same, so overcoming regional thinking or ontology, is a step not in the dark, but only in “unveiling” going beyond the being to reach the Being.
The future is governed only by alarmism and pessimism, the future is planetary integration, the critical use of advancing technologies that can in many ways help human life, including combating the exhaustion of nature, but must be aided by clear thinking. built without fear.
For now there is desert, stagnation and alarmism, but the future is coming, we need to read between the facts.


Worldview and the Christian

06 Dec

Among the many fantastical worldviews of the most unrealistic idealists, a common feature is life, as Wilhelm Dilthey believed, only thus could it be both comprehensive and cohesive.
Thus the various religions will interpret the origin of life in a mythical meaning, the myths for example of Adam and Eve, are the origin of life according to the book Genesis of the Bible, but the birth of Jesus is another origin, or a rereading of the origin.
From his entry into life, whatever the date (Christmas Day is symbolic), he who for Christians is the author of Life was born to a human, earthly life. 
Very close to the date of Christian origin, the Greek poet Ovid wrote Metamorphoses that narrates the origin of everything: “Before earth, sea and sky took shape, nature had only one face, called Chaos: a raw mass. and unstructured, a conglomerate of matter made up of incompatible elements… No element was in its correct form, and everything was in conflict within one body: cold with hot, dry with wet, heavy with light, ” but how life came to the Greeks.
Suddenly a less chaotic signal sprang up, with a fixed, stable shape and over an immense fertile body of Gaia, the elements in earlier confusion began to organize, each taking its rightful place.

Over the immense fertile body of elements that had once been in confusion began to organize themselves into the right place: fire, earth, water, and air distilled from each other and Gaia’s generous curves, the elements once confused, began to organize, each taking its rightful place.

From Gaia came the gentle hills, deep valleys, hills and mountains.
“God is a mother”, wrote Justino Sarmento Rezende, born in Onça-Igarapé village, Pari-Cachoeira district, municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira – AM (Brazil), and added: “In many indigenous cultures, the mother is the one who serves your sons and daughters. 
What little you have it helps to leave. What we are and have are God’s works, ”but the worldview is more omnipresent. Justin says: “We live surrounded by God. We live on God’s side. We live in God’s hands. God has in his hands all creation: earth. ” (Representation in the figure above). Christmas is not just celebrating the birth of Jesus, in Christian / Catholic cosmology Parusia also expresses the expectation of the second coming of Jesus, who may be a presence in everything and everyone in a way thoughtless by men, the God present in humanity. and universe.
Mary, who expressed the pregnancy and birth of God among men (Lk 1, 26-38), at the second coming may leave the whole pregnant nature of God, “who groans in travail” (Rom. 8:22)


Worldview and science

05 Dec

Cosmosview or worldview can be one way of understanding the set of assumptions one uses to interpret the world and life and to form opinions about one’s relationships and responsibilities with other people, nature, and forms of organization in society.
The German term for this expression is Weltanschauung, composed of Welf (world) and Anschauung (vision, belief, intuition or contemplation), which is used by philosophers like Fichte, Heidegger and Sartre, although the question of “worlds” is in numerous authors.
Sartre in his essay The question of method, in the introduction talking about the question of dialectics, thus expresses this question to explain the expression in Fichte:
(…) reduced to its simplest expression, the philosophical object will remain in the ‘objective spirit’ in the form of a regulating idea indicating an infinite task; thus we speak today of the ‘Kantian idea’ among us or of the German Weltanschauung of Fichte
The worlds as an overview appear in other authors, perhaps the expression in Heidegger is important to note since it is widely discussed speaking of the term: It is an important concept because of the impacts on German philosophy and epistemology.
Heidegger used it and popularized the term, and the central idea is that it can offer a broad perception of the world, capable of dialogue with beliefs and oral cultures.
The language of a people is reflected in the culture and traditions and their worldview, they can influence the syntactic structures and their untranslatable connotations and denotations, although some effort is made to make it explicit in another language. the worldview of that people or culture will remain stuck.
Also concerning the beliefs of the great religions it can be recognized: Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, and all the great Eastern religions have their own worldview.
For science the important thing is what it reflects in epistemology, that is, the construction of knowledge from a given systematized knowledge.


The future of interfaces are tactile

04 Dec

This is what you believe in the MIT Media Lab, where Tangile Media Group develops a live hand modeling table, or inFORM is a 3D shape-shifting surface.

Analyzing this model can be found on the Fast Company website, written by John Brownlee.

It allows users to not only interact with the contents of living objects, but still keep their hands at distances from miles away in contact with 3D objects, with object network connections.

Created by Daniel Leithing and Sean Follmer and overseen by Professor Hiroshi Ishii, he says this is just the beginning, an “executive-like toy table” that likes flames, lets you press down on the flattened pins of various items or do it at a distance.

With inFORM, each of these “pins” is connected to a motor controlled by a nearby laptop, which can not only move the pins to physically render digital content, but also record real-life objects interacting with the surface, thanks to the connection to the sensors of a modified Microsoft Kinect.

The following video shows some experiments with the “executive toy table”:


Real haptic interfaces

03 Dec

Haptic means that the holographic image created is tactile, that is, one can touch it and feel that it actually gives the feeling that by touching it we are touching an object.

The work was published at a traditional computer graphics conference in its Asian version, Siggraph Asia, in 2014.

The device uses ultrasound devices, similar to microphones, but smaller to create points in space, forming an ultrasonic body according to the projected image, and the pressure of the hands at that point meets resistance giving the sensation that something is touched.

By synchronizing the ultrasound points with the figure, various 3D holographic objects will be possible, one of them is exemplified by researcher Ben Long, assistant in the project.

Long explains: “In the future, people could touch holograms of non-palpable objects, identifying for example the differences between materials analyzed in a computed tomography or artifact forms of a museum.”

Rendering forms in the English experiment can be smooth (only points are tactile), non-regularized (different tactile points), and regularized (tactile points with some texture).

The following video shows how to touch the hologram with explanations of the experiment:


Long, S. A. Seah, T. Carter and S. Subramanian, (2014) Rendering Volumetric Haptic Shapes in Mid-Air Using Ultrasound, Volume 33, Issue #7 of ACM Transactions on Graphics (Siggraph Asia).