Society of Tiredness

30 Aug

Byung-Chul Han’s book “The Society of Fatigue” analyzes in a deeper and less Atirenessindividualistic way the deeper question from the ontological point of view of man at the end of modernity: “Neuronal diseases such as depression, deficit disorder (ADH), borderline personality disorder (BPD), or Burnout Syndrome (SB) determine the pathological landscape of the early 21st century. “(HAN, 2017, p.7)

The individual question of the romantic hero of Don Quixote fighting against windmills, or of the historical determinism of the question of consciousness in Dilthey, are in fact traces of romantic idealism, circumvent the problem and try to solve it from the psychological point of view only.

Without considering the social that is broader. Chul-Han’s analysis goes in this direction, to say that “the object of immune defense is strangeness as such” (page 8), using a Sloterdijk concept makes it clear that the last century was an era in which a ” Clear between the inside and outside … the Cold War followed the immunological scheme.” Thus “even though the stranger has no hostile intention, even though he represents no danger, he is eliminated by virtue of his otherness.” (pp. 8 and 9)

He will explain on page 10 that “otherness is the fundamental category of immunology”, the difference is that “it does not provoke any immunological reaction,” “the strange gives way to the exotic,” the “tourist travels to visit him.”

The concept is due to the twentieth century where the idea of ​​combating bacteria has led some people to the extreme of even considering the microorganisms necessary for life, as those who must also be combated and not infrequently find someone with this Touch.

Recovering the concept of Immunitas from Roberto Esposito, considering it a false hypothesis, considering the excess of information, clarifying what is common to combat a new epidemic (by immunology): “resistance against the request for extradition of a chief of Foreign state accused of human rights violations, reinforcement against illegal immigration and strategies to counteract the latest computer virus attack? “(page 11), the author will say that nothing separates them. It will say that “the immunological paradigm is not in line with the globalization process… The hybridization, which dominates not only the theoretical-cultural discourse but also the feeling we have today, is diametrically opposed to the Immunization. “(Idem).

“The dialectic of negativity is the fundamental trait of immunity.” (Idem) and how many discourses this trait reminds us, apparently within an “engagment” is actually empty, since it is absent from true alternatives, it is purely immune because it accuses the Other . Quote on page 15 Baudrillard, who speaks of the “obesity of all present systems,” in a time of overabundance, “the problem turns more to rejection and expulsion” (ibid.).

It gives a true diagnosis, applies both to “disciplinary systems” (the pseudo-ethics) and to the logic of production: “what causes depression of exhaustion is not the imperative to obey only oneself but the pressure of performance. “(Page 27)

HAN, Byung-Chul. A Sociedade do cansaço (The society of fatigue), trans. Enio Paulo Giachini, 2ª. Ed. Expanded, RJ: Petrópolis, Vozes, 2917




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