The Fair is a third

22 Sep

We mentioned in the previous post that justice depends on a third party,aThird but who would this be?

For Levinas, this is the ethical root of obedience to law: “self-forgetfulness moves justice” (Levinas, 1978: 199).

It is not in his case to adapt the right to a Universal Reason as Hegel wanted, even assuming the conflict within the system, what the modern Enlightenment defined as the war of all against all, but because in the case of Levinas the State Just can be born only if you have the concern “of one against all” (idem

Thus the only universality admitted by Levinas is the rationality of impersonal reason or law, which is responsibility, forgotten in the political struggle today. In it is present a self, one that has an eagerness for its destiny, integrity and “salvation”: not directly, in its selfish and capricious individualism, but in relation to the other, itself, which is also another for others, man in its totality (Ibidem, 201). It should be noted that in relation to “salvation” and “daily life” it is not a “betrayal of our metaphysical destiny”.

Another point of view that may seem to be “anarchic” is not this one coming from me, from one to the other, whether it be the source that goes beyond ethics, obedience to law, if it is seen as indispensable for the third, appeals to the next face-to-face, but seeing in this third mankind.

Not only the present, but also the future of humanity, whose responsibility is to offer a less unjust society, no matter where it is possible to live peace and everyone has basic rights guaranteed.

Our positive law is quantitative and qualitative, so it is difficult to understand justice as that proposed in spiritual texts such as the Biblical, the payment of the last hour worker, the thief saved on the cross, the so-called Matthew tax collector.

It is precisely Matthew who recounts the word of the administrator of the vineyard who hires workers at the last hour of the day and pays him the same silver coin that he pays to those who have worked all day, and one of these in complaining receives the answer: Matthew 13-14 : “Then the master said to one of them, ‘My friend, I was not unjust to you. Do not we combine a silver coin? Take what’s yours and come home! I want to give this one who was last hired the same as I gave you. “, Which may seem unfair, but it is not.

The third that is the Just between two or more, those who come together and put life together, are others who can admire.


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