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Truth and dialogue

30 Jan

Dialogic bankruptcy and the growth of political polarization in our time, which has its own democracy as its victim, comes from the absence of hermeneutical thought that is essentially dialogic and paradigmatic (in the sense of finding the fusion of horizons) and a dead end for orthodox discourses.
Phenomenology brings from the beginning the question of making a void to hear the Other, what the Greeks call epoché, or the suspension of judgments about things, which may seem like the Cartesian cogito, but it is not, Husserl clarified this in Cartesian meditations, that we have already done some posts here.
Epoché is the so-called reduction phenomenology, is to look at something changing the glasses (figuratively of course) to see the essence of things, something difficult these days, where the acceleration of judgments and preconceptions do not allow a meditation, contemplation or true dialogical relationship, what was called in the previous verstehen post.
Since dialogue depends on a hermeneutic circle that involves the relation to our preconceptions, as positive here is important, it means that we must silence our pre-judgments about the things that will be said and never opt for: not that !!!
The central problem of the rational-idealist philosophy of modernity is that it separated subject from object and this was to the day-to-day of religious culture the highest academic philosophy, “things” are “impure” and I do not understand the world of life (Husserl’s Lebenswelt), worldview (what Heidegger called Weltanschauung) mean to return “things” as they are.
Knowledge itself is nothing else than this relation interpret-thing: “Knowledge, that is, the act of giving the world an intelligible character, occurs, therefore, in the encounter between consciousness and things,” Husserl said, explaining the that is to go the “thing”.
Our conflicts involve not only human relations, but also their relationship to things: money, health, work, food, nature itself (including our own), communication (which was not born in the digital world), in short, almost everything involves the relation to the thing and our awareness of it.
Dialogue, considering preconceptions, with the possibility of merging horizons (which is not necessarily the consensus), is essential today.

 

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