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Lessons from Kant and his view of metaphysics

13 Jun

There is no doubt that everything referring to the spirit and subjectivity in Kant is intrinsically linked to the laws in the sense of modern laws, although they were only consolidated later, and this was his contribution, can read his book on logic , and what he thought as an idealistic philosophy for modernity.
Kant facilitates this view by expressing the scholastic meaning of the word, Philosophy would aim only at ability; on the contrary, his philosophy “within the limits of reason” would be true wisdom, not that which comes from above, but the rational-enlightenment: “In this scholastic meaning of the word, Philosophy aims only at ability; with respect to the concept of the world, on the contrary, it aims at utility.
From the first point of view it is, therefore, a doctrine of ability; of the latter, a doctrine of wisdom: – the lawmaker of reason, and to this extent the philosopher is not an artist of reason, but a legislator. “(Kant, 1992, p. 41).
What was constructed was to try to overcome a “philosophical dogma”, which aimed to elevate philosophy in a kind of “pure theory”, for him the dogmatic philosophies led to metaphysics, while knowledge in the “limits of reason” imposed cognitive borders. Kant contrasts his philosophy with scholasticism because of his clear separation between dogmatic philosophies descended from metaphysics of his own which has the main characteristic of knowing its limits and its cognitive frontiers.
Not by chance, near to this time did good philosophers also be scientists (in the modern sense), Hobbes, Kant himself, Descartes, Leibniz, and others, each with a specificity, but all with a view centered on reason and “laws” of State.
What happened was that the concept of dogma gradually gave way to the observation of empirical phenomena and a new way of dealing and a world view, the truth hitherto shrouded in metaphysics and philosophy as the first science gives way to scientism. This new mentality could already be noticed in Nicholas of Cusa, it cost the life of Giordano Bruno, that is, the change of the Greek conception of a world closed in a Being in the molds parmendians, thus the Being is, and the non-Being is not, without possibility of third hypothesis.
This new mentality could already be noticed in Nicholas of Cusa, it cost the life of Giordano Bruno, that is, the change of the Greek conception of a world closed in a Being in the molds parmendians, thus the Being is, and the non-Being is not, without possibility of third hypothesis.
The reason we attach this to the Christian idea of the Holy Spirit is exactly where the misunderstanding of Christian ideals for Enlightenment, the action of the spirit outside reason, was metaphysical, and the idea of transcendence was linked only to the objects of study, then came the empiricism.
Thus Kant’s general framework is to make epistemology, logic, and ethics central to philosophy, with Cosmology, Psychology, and Theology attached to a “special” metaphysics, and Ontology confined to a general, almost dead, ontology in your thinking.

KANT, I. Lógica (Tradução do texto original estabelecido por Gottlob Benjamin Jäsche de Guido Antônio de Almeida). Rio de Janeiro, Ed. Tempo Brasileiro: 1992. 

 

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