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Resultados da busca ‘Papai Noel’

O garoto propaganda Papai-Noel, o mítico e o real

07 Dec

Em 1862, no auge da guerra civil americana, o cartunista Thomas Nast teve a ideia de criar uma figura de um elfo que durou 30 anos e aos poucos o casaco foi mudando de cor.

Na década de 1920 a Coca-Cola Cola® começou uma campanha publicitária com anúncios relacionado a figura de Santa Claus (o Papai Noel americano) com impressões em revistas como o Saturday  Evening Post, e 1930 em nova aparição o artista Fred Mizen pintou uma loja de departamento de Santa Claus que recebeu uma multidão para beber uma garrafa de Coca-Cola ®.  Aos poucosa figura mitica foi transformando a festa do nascimento de Jesus num lucrativo negócio de presentes e muita comida, mas ao menos conservando o ambirente de busca da paz e da fraternidade.

Mas há uma história mítica de Papai Noel, ela tem origem com o poeta Clement C. Moore, que escreveu um poema  de uma visita do Santo Nicolau em 1822, que no poema chamado A visit from Saint Nicholas, no poema ele entra e saiu pela chaminé de uma casa e diz antes de partir: “Feliz Natal, Boa Noite a todos”, e que em 1931 foi adaptado por Fred Mizen em 1930 criando a figura atual do velhinho de vermelho.

Eis um pedaço do poema (traduzido livremente):

Old Santeclaus with much delight          Velho Papai Noel com muito prazer
His reindeer drives this frosty night.       Vem dirigindo suas renas na noite fria
O’er chimney tops, and tracks of snow,   Vai pelas chaminés e trilhas na neve
To bring his yearly gifts to you…            trazer seus presentes anuais para você …

Mas esta história cria a ligação com a verdadeira origem que é São Nicolau, a data de comemoração pela igreja católica é o dia 06 de dezembro. Filho de pais ricos com profunda vida de oração, nasceu Nicolau no ano 275 em Pátara, na Ásia Menor.

Tornou-se sacerdote da diocese de Mira (Turquia) onde mais tarde tornou-se bispo, a única história de presentes conhecida é a de  três pobres moças que não tendo os dotes para o casamento foram aconselhadas pelo próprio pai, a prostituição, Nicolau sabendo disto, jogou pela janela da casa das moças três bolsas com o dinheiro suficiente para os dotes.

 

Things that do not know about Christmas

24 Dec

The first time should be the birth of Jesus, it is clear that a given is inaccurate, since the response time is no more than Caio Julio César Octavian Augustus, who was emperor of 27 BC a 14 AD is a given, but the year is complete in previous years, that is, we are lagged from 6 to 8 years, due to a disavowal in the calendar of Julio Cesar.
It was Pope Gregory XIII (1502-1585) who, on February 24, 1582, through the Bula Inter gravíssimas, substantive of the Julian calendar, correcting it with leap years, as the month of February alternated to 29 days of six in six months, and the alternate months of 30 and 31 days, but the defenses of the birth of Jesus remained The birth of Jesus is the second year, although one fact is uncertain, through the Momentum Ancyranun, the Augustus discovered three repetitions in his Empire.
The crib was created by St. Francis of Assisi, and the animals were inserted by Francis’s love for animals and nature, but the tree later came to Germany. The pines were found in Christmas in Germany, were included apples and precious stones, as the oldest and later plates, but a England that popularized the pines.
The Happy Night Music was created by Father Joseph Mohr who asked the music friend no less than Franz Gruber who turns his poem into music, a few hours of Christmas made a simple melody for guitar, a story of orgasm and others are legends in 1818 was sung for the first time and became a more popular Christmas song.
The Jingle Bells Music was created by James Pierpoint in 1857, perhaps because of their appearance, but as spinning they already existed when the pines went to England, all the talk of running in the snow if sled pulled by the horse, then the sled and the snow came in at Christmas. In 1965 was played in the space ship Apollo, becoming the first music in space.
The Statue of Liberty, designed by the French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, was held by Gustave Eiffel, although it was published on October 28, 1886, it was a Christmas gift of Liberty to the American people.
The kindly figure of the old bearded Christmas man who is to be seen as a gift for the Catholic century IV who on Christmas Eve carried presents as the most humble children, a figure of Santa Claus (popular Christmas Dad in Portugal) for a post in years ago clarifying an advertisement for soda started in 1920. 
For Christians it is the arrival of Emanuel, the God with us, the presence of the divine among men to never go out again, salvation comes not only from belief in this fact, but mainly in the experience of his teachings in everyday life: love everyone, build a just world, remember who suffers and make a new World.

 

Does the essence of Christmas exist?

20 Dec

In essence Christmas exists, because a fact before anything else happened, aF1largea special child was born in Bethlehem, it is recorded in history because the Roman emperor Cesar Augustus at the time decided to make a recess, so this was born and recorded.

This spirit is reserved for more religious people, and even among these some do not like Christmas, of course Santa Claus is just the allusion to a famous brand of drink, this is not what we are talking about, but the desire for solidarity, love between men, does it exist?

A scientific study, published in the British Medical Journal, surveyed twenty people living in an area of ​​Copenhagen, Denmark, who were divided into two groups: ten who traditionally celebrate Christmas and others who do not celebrate.
Each of them was observed in this period, in allusion to the symbols that are in the previous post, but not only these, were placed 84 images for 2 seconds each: after 6 consecutive thematic shots on the Christmas were placed 6 of the daily life (streets, foods , etc.).
Researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (parts of the brain where emotions are set), seeing changes in blood oxygenation and flow that occur in the brain in response to the neuronal activities in each group.

Maps were then produced showing which areas of the brain are most involved during a particular mental process, and the result was very interesting.

The answers to the questionnaire, made about their traditions of Christmas, the feelings of Christmas and their ethnicity. This analysis identified five areas that had a greater activation in the Christmas party in the face of thematic images.

The article explains that “this is the primary motor and pre-motor cortex, the right lower lobe and upper parietal and bilaterare primary somatosensory left cortex,” the research states.

These are the areas associated among other things like spirituality and romanticism, more than this then it can be said that there are ‘areas of the brain of Christmas’, in fact, Christmas exists.

The survey was conducted Christmas 2015, by the British Medical Journal.

 
 

Is there still Christmas spirit?

01 Dec

We have explained in previous years (see the our post) that Noel appeared in thechristmas 1920s in a Coca-Cola® marketing relating Santa Claus (American Santa Claus) with Christmas, and with impressions in magazines such as Saturday  Evening Post, but it is clear that the birth of Jesus is much older, indeed dates in the years, since we are in 2016 AD, even though the measure of the years is imprecise due to the Gregorian calendar.


But this year, Trump’s election, crisis in the country with various nuances: impeachment, jet launder, crisis in Rio and with other states showing exhaustion of finances, now the tragedy with the team of the city of Chapecó (Brazil), there would still be climate for the true Christmas spirit, peace and justice, solidarity with the peripheries (now also existential), or are we in “depression”?


Remember that the year that Jesus is born is the year of the census made by the Roman Empire, and at that time people should go to the Christmas city, so Mary and Joseph go to Bethlehem, where they end up being born in a stable, due to lack of accommodation: the God-boy named Jesus was born.


Yes indeed there may be a historical confusion, Luke (Lk 2: 2) narrated that the census was taken when Quirinus was governor of Syria, where from the emperor Cesar Augustus, but the order of Cesar Augustus is 5 BC, while Quirinus (or Cyrene) became governor in 6 AD.


What is important is that the historical fact occurred, and Jesus entered into history “was a contact between men” not only by a whim of history, but by a divine coincidence, and there were others said the Prophecy of Isaiah: “The Lord will give you A sign, the virgin shall become pregnant … “(Isaiah, 7:14).


Then it is necessary to remember the humble birth of Jesus, the difficult years that will follow that will force his parents to flee to Egypt, avoiding the persecution of Herod who promoted the slaughter of all newborns want to kill the “future king” of the Jews, But this ruled until 4 BC, new confusion.


Yes it is necessary to remember that persecution, humility and crises always accompany this birth, but that it brings hope, confidence in the future and inner peace, yes the spirit of Christmas remains, even among those who do not believe, it is necessary to stop and breathe, otherwise it does not going forward.

 

(Português) Um Natal mais pobre e santo

21 Dec

Sorry, this entry is only available in Brazilian Portuguese.

 

Advent, what is coming?

07 Dec

For Christians, at least those of Latin and Roman origin coming from the JesusMeninosecond and third centuries of the Christian era, this is the period of waiting for something to come: the advent.


A masculine noun Advent with Latin etymology, which comes from Adventum term, which means coming or arrival of something or someone, to us is the coming of a boy God and which was also home Jesus, it human and sacred divide same person.


The word advent could also mean foundation or creation of something, such as: Advent of the Internet, the advent of the Republic and now the impeachment process.


This has nothing to do with Santa Claus, when a Christmas elf, has become a figure dressed in red, in 1920 Coca-Cola Cola® began an advertising campaign-related announcements the figure of Santa Claus (Santa Claus American) with prints magazines like the Saturday, who were famous drink advertising.


Also the date is controversial because there is evidence that this date would celebrate the solstice (summer), but actually in the northern hemisphere is the winter period, so it is contradictory.


For Christianity means the fulfillment of a promise, the Messiah, the savior, not as a conventional hero or a political liberator, but someone brought something new to humanity, the life of relationships, the Trinitarian life: I, the Other and the presence of God among us, Emmanuel, that is precisely the coming of Jesus.


Those who are not Christians also feel this climate, even in troubled times, end of an epoch (modernity) and the beginning of a new era, that time is this? the relationship.


New media, the globalized world, the land-homeland has everything to do with it, which may!

 

Christmas around the world

20 Dec

TheArmenian Apostolic Church celebrates Christmas on January 6th, is the day we celebrateChristmasInWorld Epiphany (which means the revelation that Jesus was the Son of God) , unlike Catholic churches that celebrate the arrival of the Magi in visit to the baby Jesus, and also celebrate the Baptism of Jesus (when he began his adult ministry) on Epiphany .

The curious custom is to eat nothing the week before Christmas , I mean start the
year doing fasting.

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In China, where only about one percent of the people are Christians, most people only know a few things about Christmas celebration due in large cities as Christmas in the World site.

In these big cities there are Christmas trees , lights and other decorations on the streets and in department stores , and Santa Claus is called  “Shen Dan Lao Ren ” in Mandarin and “Seng Dan Fai Lok ” in Cantonese .

Ghana celebrate Christmas tough two weeks , from 20 December to first week of January, with many different activities . It is common to travel to visit their relatives and friends in other parts of the country , where more than 60 languages ​​, each with their own traditions and
customs !

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There is the harvest period of cacao, being the country ‘s second-largest producer in the world.

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But the Christmas mood because there is something very extraordinary happened: a different child born in a stable and placed in a manger.

 

Ends a time and get a hold

25 Nov

Today will be a new arrival , a new advent , where hopes and news should be cultivating and someAuroraBoreal optimism , even in a dark and difficult time, should always be remembered .

In many countries this term has different meanings , for example , in Scandinavia (Finland , Sweden and Norway ) this is beginning November 13 , where the party is initiating Santa Luzia , although few religious countries , the date is maintained .

It may seem strange, but Luzia martyred in the third century of the Christian era , is also remembered in the Lutheran and Anglican Church , and was a much venerated saint in antiquity.

But the rest of Christmas traditions are similar , but there are processions with torches and Finland has a curious habit of visiting cemeteries and pay tribute to loved ones , it may seem strange but not for the Finns .

The fire in the fireplace with logs ( Yule log) and a drink called Jul ( Yule also ) has pagan origins in Norway , as well as the popular legend of Lapland , where he would live Santa Claus is a very cold northern region of Norway .

In 1900 King Haakon I decided that the pagan custom of drinking Jul ( yule ) should be changed to December 25 , in honor of the birth of Jesus Christ.

Gradually , the pagan feast was becoming more Christian . Jul name was preserved , but the holiday was dedicated to Jesus Christ. Christmas is thus a mixture of ancient pagan festival and more modern Christian traditions .
But everyone can and should expect something: a better time , more justice , less hunger and wars , and we can stop this holiday season and reflect a bit .

 

Câmeras para ver o Natal no mundo

24 Dec

Diversas cidades no mundo possuem Web Cam abertas onde podemos ver cenas, pessoas e paisagens em todo mundo.

Um site especializado Email Santa (Santa Claus é o nome e papai Noel em paízes de lingua inglesa), mostra até Cam na residência do papai Noel (local fictício no Polo Norte) e câmeras no Polo Norte de fato.

Muitas cidades tem Web Cam próprias, como a ilha da Madeira, o site Madeira-web.com, na Suécia o swecams.tegelbo.se as inúmeras webcams do Reino Unido (Inglaterra, Irlanda, Escócia  e Pais de Gales) ou da cidade de Roma.

Outro site EarthCam mostra alguns locais no mundo ao vivo, sendo algums cam com definição HD (High Definition), no qual se pode ver ao vivo, por exemplo, o Natal em São Paulo ou as praias famosas do Rio de Janeiro.

Escolhendo duas Web Cam para os espírito natalino, selecionei a bela árvore londrina ou escolha uma bela paisagem parisiense.

 

Os aplicativos musicais de Natal e um pensamento

06 Dec

Diversos aplicativos para smartphones estão chegando, um dos mais usados é o “Karaokê de Natal” no iTunes, outro permitir gravar canções e as enviar com mensagens aos amigos por e-mail, o site Glimboo reúne várias opções.

Para aqueles que não se julgam bons cantores, existem as “Rádios do Natal” (tais como CristmasRadio e XmasMelody) e outras, como um aplicativo que reúne 40 emissoras especializadas em música natalina, e até uma localizada no Polo Norte, como a lenda diz que Papai Noel mora lá fica muito sugestivo, e repertório é variado com estilos como jazz e rock.

Para saudosistas o RecordNet mostra como era o Natal nas décadas de 40 e 50, período de fim de guerra e envolto ainda em muita depressão e que o espírito natalino ajudava muitas pessoas.

Para reinterpretações e músicas mais atuais o site SongOfPraise anuncia muitas músicas interessantes com muitas traduções para o português.

O link do Terra com letras e vídeos de Natal é bem interessante outro site com muitos vídeos e imagens é o XmasFun .

Poderia ser sempre Natal se este espírito de amor, solidariedade e pensamento voltado aos que sofrem pudessem durar pelo ano todo, não apenas em sentimentos, mas em ações concretas.

Em momento de mudança e de crise econômica sistêmica tudo isto pode parecer alienante, uma reflexão do pensador de economia Kiel F. Baade parece atual: “Toda a consideração das possibilidades econômicas do homem de hoje tem, portanto de partir da constatação de que as possibilidades de sobrevivência e possibilidades econômicas para o homem desta época somente existe, se os políticos e os que são por eles governados não só apelarem para sua inteligência, comprovadamente insuficiente, mas também mobilizarem as forças do coração e da fé” (em seu texto O homem e as formas de economia, in: Gadamer, H.G. e Vogler, P.  São Paulo: Ed. da Universidade de São Paulo, 1997), assim por incrível que pareça, considerar a fé é no momento de crise mundial econômica apelar para o bom senso e a boa vontade dos homens, em especial para aqueles que tem algum poder de influência social.