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Posts Tagged ‘Páscoa’

O homem na natureza e o sobrenatural

08 Apr

Entre o mistério e o conhecido, entre o humano e o sobrenatural, há mais coisas entre o céu e a terra do que pensam a nossa vã filosofia e nossa humana teologia, ambas precisam de uma mão “extra”.

Precisamos para caminhar em frente de acreditar em algo, ou em alguém que é muito mais palpável ao humano, mas esquecemos como diz Morin, como diz Heidegger e até o crítico literário que nos deixou: é preciso saber o que é Ser.

Morin reclama do humano que não sabe mais do próprio humano, a Pandemia tem mostrado isto com inúmeros exemplos em todo lado, gente que não se compadece dos que morrem todo dia, gente que quer atribuir a culpa do vírus a esta ou aquela pessoa, e pessoas com comportamento como se não estivéssemos numa pandemia, em todos âmbitos faltam humanismo do respeito ao ser humano primeiro e a sua vida como consequência.

Na visão de Heidegger expressa em seu clássico “Ser e Tempo”, o homem é o ser-no-mundo, ou seja, um ser-em-situação-temporal, mas não preso a ela e está sempre aberto para tornar-se algo novo, assim poderíamos pensar o que será o novo no pós-pandemia, isto dará um traço existencial ao que significa ser preso ao tempo.

Porém estava aberto ao novo, isto depende de uma visão de mundo (weltanschauung ou cosmovisão), nela se prende sempre uma visão do mistério da vida, do universo e do que pode existir além dele o sobre-natural, porque o nosso conceito de natureza é incompleto.

Se viemos do barro, ou se a própria vida surgiu de pequenas reações orgânicas do inorgânico (o conceito de mutação aórgica), significa também que nesta origem há mistério e uma série de hipóteses são válidas, porém algo “novo” já aconteceu no passado que deu origem a criação da natureza orgânica, dos animais e do homem nesta “natureza”.

A ideia que podemos objetivar a natureza (supondo que nela nada é sobrenatural) era na visão de Teilhard Chardin a necessidade de entender o homem como algo “complexo” da natureza, que possui consciência dela, porém a objetivação das ciências atuais que procura vê-la só “do lado de fora”, foi citado por Ways (apud Chisholm, 1974) como uma forma arrogante e insensível de lidar com o mundo material, há sempre algo do Ser nela.

O trabalho sobre Ecologia de Chisholm destaca o papel que a não compreensão da natureza como um todo pode ter na sua degradação e o surgimento de anomalias, escreveu (Chrisholm, 1974): “uma vez que o método e a ideologia dependiam do fracionamento dos fenômenos naturais em parcelas controláveis, em teorias e experiências antes de passar ao problema seguinte, o homem foi perdendo o sentido da vida como uma grande teia que é a que a Ecologia ensina” (Chisholm,1974), assim também o homem e a natureza operam como uma rede, uma “teia ecológica”.

Também há a ligação inversa do sobrenatural com o natural, é curiosa a passagem Bíblica que Jesus depois de ressuscitado aparece aos apóstolos, mostra os pés e as mãos que foram perfurados e quer comer um peixe (Lc 24, 41-42): “Mas eles ainda não podiam acreditar, porque estavam muito alegres e surpresos. Então Jesus disse: “Tendes aqui alguma coisa para comer?” Deram-lhe um pedaço de peixe assado.”

Assim no sobrenatural também a relação com o natural não se perde, embora na visão bíblica este “noutro plano”.

CHISHOLM, A. Ecologia: uma estratégia para a sobrevivência. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar, 1974.
 

Its out for update

04 Apr

Happy easter!!!

We’ve been out to update the software.

 
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The Easter of Unleavened Bread to the Eucharist

01 Apr

It is true that Easter celebrated by Christians as the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus, was already celebrated with the passage of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt to their promised land, today Israel, however the festival is older.

The two strongest signs of Christianity are the death of Jesus precisely in the place of the lamb that is sacrificed at the Jewish feast, remembering the lamb that was sacrificed by Abraham in the place of his son, and his resurrection on Easter day, that is, the passage to eternal life.

However, the date is older, the Jewish calendar is lunisolar, that is, it is based on the cycles of the sun and the moon, unlike the Christian who is between the autumn / spring equinoxes in the northern hemisphere, and summer / autumn in the southern hemisphere.

The feast was still celebrated in the exile of the Jewish people in Egypt, it is estimated that about 3,500 years ago, they sacrificed a healthy lamb, one year old, on a date called the 14th of nissan, for a week they consumed unleavened bread and bitter herbs, and the blood of the animal was used to mark the thresholds of the Jewish homes, so that the passing angel of death would not enter those houses.

The breads consumed in this period because they are unleavened, are called unleavened bread that give rise to the feast before Easter, on Friday the lamb is sacrificed, and should be eaten before dawn and what is not eaten must be burned.

Jesus was sacrificed just on a Easter Friday and this confirms the prophetic sign foreseen in the Bible, and on Thursday he performs the supper with unleavened bread, however, while purifying and sharing the bread and wine, he says: “this is my body and my blood ”instituting the Christian Eucharist, in which an aortic event takes place, an inorganic substance becomes organic and in this case divine, this is the consecrated host.

Christians call it transubstantiation, but our whole body, except the soul for those who believe, is also composed of inorganic substance, and in Christian eschatology the entire universe will be transformed into the body of Christ, in the view of Teilhard Chardin it has always been, because everything he is your body.

So it can be said that the future of the universe and humanity is to become all Eucharistic.

 

 

Quarantine and Lent

17 Feb

Those who manage to live this long quarantine, which enters the second year, as perspectives and hopes are true, but also with anguish and concerns, understand that there is a cause for attention, encouragement and concern, especially with the anguished. There was no carnival, and there is no reason to party, it is true that some groups insist, but if we look at the number of people compared to society as a whole, they are a minority, the majority are concerned and want us to have a way out of this suffering soon.

For Christians it is a period of prayer, fasting and abstinence, it means to abstain from some things that the new normal is already taking away from us, however this can be done voluntarily, thinking about the society as a whole that suffers. Representative of Catholicism, but also of Christianity, Pope Francis always looks at the whole human family with tenderness and passion as a good Latin, in his February 12 message he invited us “Let’s go up to Jerusalem…” (Mt 20, 18) which means how he himself explains a “journey of conversion, prayer and sharing of our goods”, and so to live this Lent with an attentive eye to those suffering from abandonment and anguish because of the pandemic (in the photo the door where Jesus began his final journey in Jerusalem).

When Jesus approaches Jerusalem, he goes there to live the days of the Passover, the Jews already celebrated it and still celebrate it today, but it does not always coincide due to the Jewish calendar being different from our Christian, but the lamb that is “sacrificed” during Easter, referring to the sacrifice Abraham made in place of his son, it is Jesus himself this lamb at Christian Easter.

The quarantine of all is the pandemic, saying words of encouragement that comfort, comfort, strengthen, stimulate instead of words that humiliate, distress, irritate and despise emphasized the Pope.

I think that due to the quarantine situation it will be a different Lent, in which we will go deeply into our pains as humanity, and we will be able to think about a much more promising and hopeful future ahead, Lent is not just death, we go through it , but the resurrection that is on the other side for the one who accepts to pass through the narrow door.

All humanity suffers, so it is a moment of passion for all humanity, and those who are fraternal and supportive will know the way to alleviate the pain of those who suffer.

It is time to think about the essentials of life, to review our false paths of progress and to review our personal lives.

 

Pascal’s hope

13 Apr

If it is necessary to overcome the divisions, perhaps the biggest one is between religion and science, between theology is philosophy, between faith and reason.
Even those who recognize this urgency, due to addiction and the years dedicated to this division, are in contradiction.
In times of pandemic that unites all sincere hearts of love to humanity, time that we gain time to reflect away from the hustle and bustle of modern life maybe we can open up and unite the faith that gives hope to those anguished by fear and death is the struggle of science to overcome the virus.
The urgency also of more rigid protection measures and of serenity with the present difficulties.
Staying at home also means maintaining a “stop” time that does not mean leisure, finding good readings, good films and the indispensable family conversation, also the “media” of social networks can be well used.

 

The sense of pain and sacrifice

10 Apr

Death causes us pain, fear and even despair; in the face of a pandemic, it reveals aspects of tragedy, anxiety and apprehension, and we can do everything we can to prevent greater pain, but some go further and worry and donate to reduce the pain of others.
This is a human meaning, but the divine goes beyond what it means to be able to donate one’s life, or to put it at risk for the sake of the Other, only in this limit do we really understand the meaning.
Teilhard de Chardin, after admitting that the cross means “evasion out of this world” (p. 114), will explain to us that it is precisely it (in the present case the fear of death by the pandemic, “that exactly the path of human effort , supernaturally rectified and prolonged.
Because we have fully understood the meaning of the Cross, we no longer risk thinking that life is sad and ugly. We simply become more aware of its unspeakable seriousness.”(page 115).
So we thought of the happy days that we could walk freely and savor the air of the city, see the beaches now banned from being visited, the joyful family lunches, but it is for this loss that we now look with other eyes whose blindness could not allow.
How beautiful it would be an Easter Sunday with the whole family, or just going out to see happy autumn days in the southern hemisphere or early spring in the northern hemisphere, but it is this pain and this terrible pandemic that makes us “change glasses”, also in spiritual aspect.
So Chardin points out: “the cross is not an inhuman thing, but a superhuman one. We see well that the origin of Humanity today, the Cross was erected at the front of the road that leads to the highest peaks of creation ”, we will have to rethink home and social life after this pandemic. Chardin invites us to the mystery: “let us get closer. And we will recognize the flamed Seraph of the Alverne (picture), the one whose passion and compassion are “incendium mentis” *. For the Christian, it is not a question of disappearing in the shadow of the Cross, but of ascending in the light of the Cross.” (page 116).
Take advantage of this night of the pandemic to shed light on the “night of culture”, on the “night of God” and on the “night of the senses” that seemed to make us suppress all sensitivity to human life and the Other.
Let us live these three “nights” well to achieve an Easter (in sense of passage) for all humanity.

* incendium mentis – David Grummet says that in Chardin it is “fire of divine love in our soul”.
Chardin, T. (no year) O meio divino (The divine medium). Lisbon: Editorial Presença.

 

The supper of ashes

26 Feb

That defines how or man is by nature also understands or is a nature, or a substance proposed in an infinite number. and an initial structure in the philosophy of Nature and in the 1584 work (*Supper of Ashes) of Giordano Bruno, linked to Copernican theory, which creates an infinite universe with an omnipresent divider, an eternal matter and a permanent mutation.
Bruno declared himself a “realist” Copernican in 1582 in Paris, and when he arrived in London a year later, he placed himself on a non-cosmological level with extravagant ideals for the time, epoch or universe in which he lived and at the time of his living rooms. class. they are suspended, dedicated both to the theological radicalism of its Protestant public and to “atheistic” Aristotelianism.
A curious aspect of Bruno, like Leibniz and Spinoza or produced, is named his protagonist of Theophilus present in the Bible and what is meant by “son of God”, or that he too will separate himself from his Catholic religion or thought that Philosophy should to be independent of religion, through the passage through the Copernican heliocentrism through an infinite universe that we owe to Bruno.
According to his policy and / or being able to involve this infinite movement, he stated: “What ingenuity to ask to burn, to be able to move or to be able”, that was or its package with the donations of the power of religion and the nascent academy.
In his book “The supper of ashes” he made an extraordinary statement for the time: “The earth and the stars … how they dispense life and food from things, restoring all material that entrepreneurship, are themselves endowed with life, to a much greater extent, and to be alive, and in a voluntary, orderly and natural way, the second intrinsic principle, that they will move towards the Spanish and Spanish spaces with which I agree ”, he said, a universe of Copernicus.
t is important not to be true of Bruno, who also has controversial works on the Eucharist and the Virgin Mary, more or more important for our time and restoring a lost dialogue of old data, and for which the inquisitors continue. apostates Giordano Bruno took a big step in science and wanted a philosophy to be independent because of power and religious not inculturation, even if it leafs through and needs to overcoming fundamentalism and establish the Dialogue.

*Bruno, G. (1995) The Ash Wednesday Supper. Lawrence s. Lerner ¨Edward A. Gosselin (editors), University of Toronto Press.

 

Why did they kill Jesus?

14 Apr

Speculation about the existence of the “historical” figure of Jesus does not withstand historical SantaCeiaanalysis, the Census conducted at the birth of Jesus, the coincidence with the Jewish Passover period (the Jewish years count continues to be the old), the fact that it resurrected On the third day, may be questionable, but the very pursuit of his body to this day is a historical proof.

The fact that they did not find his body now makes skeptics claim their non-existence, post-truth time.

But because they killed him, he remembers who killed him, because we know the motives.

Jews killed by stoning, beheading or beheading, crucifixion was unknown and Roman method, which was for political reasons, and the release of one prisoner and the crucifixion of another was a way to “please” the Jews, who preferred to release Barabbas.

The Jewish (and Jewish) chiefs had mistrust because Jesus “violated” Jewish laws as “working” on the Sabbath, in fact healed and proclaimed “king” of the Jews, and repudiated Pilate’s power when he questioned whether he was King, thus phrases “king of the Jews” above the crucifix was a Roman irony, since the Jews wanted the platelet to be withdrawn.

So Jesus was killed for political reasons, and despite the jealousy of the Jewish leaders and Pilate’s washing of his hands, it was the Roman Empire that arrested him, tortured him, and placed him on a cross.
The fact that coincided with the Jewish Passover on the other hand, has religious significance, for the Jews was a passage, which comes from the Jewish origin of the word Pesaḥ or Pesach, that the Jews celebrate the departure of Egyptian slavery and the arrival in the holy land.
The rites have been adapted, but it is important to know that the famous supper of Jesus (the picture of Da Vinci) and Easter itself are festivals of Jewish origin, and the cup of Elijah which Jesus picks up to drink the wine, was the chalice destined To the Messiah, and the disciples understood when he made this gesture.
Good Friday, however, is the fundamental part of the passage, for the death and the cry of the Son of God, who on the cross no longer calls the Father, but says “My God, My God, because you forsook me”, its not Father but God.

The mystic Chiara Lubich offer a key of reading this named “Jesus Abandoned”, is the true God and true man, there he merges with humanity, the historical Jesus, in this right time for humanity is united to Father by suffer of Jesus.

 

Finititude, pain and transubstantiation

13 Apr

We have already affirmed that the whole path made Gadamer has elements toEucaristiaUniverso conclude that experience is the awareness of human finiteness itself and of limitations, and we quote Aeschylus’ classic reference which is quite illustrative: “to learn from suffering,” that is, In a painful way, man becomes aware of his separation from the divinity and temporality of his existence, but what is existence as spirit and biological matter?
To deal with nature, we have already said it implies differentiating the natural from the cultural, but if we think about the meaning of astrophysics and the formation of the cosmos and the planets, we will arrive where? When the first organic substance was formed, and how it came out of the nature of chemical compounds, rocks and cosmic dust.
It is known that water was an important element, but the first organic compound certainly originated from gases acting on some inorganic body, that is, somehow the first “substance” occurred, that is, an organic life formed from Of the inorganic.
But the opposite would be possible, an organic substance turn into inorganic, yes it is what happens to death, we can think of the pain as little announcements of a death of something organic in our organism that ceases to have a functionally correct form.
But transubstantiation is something more mysterious and profound, it would be consciously an organic Being to become an inorganic, and in the case of the early Christian mystic, the piece of unleavened bread, this comes from the Feast of Unleavened Bread made by the Jews from Moses until Our day in which the Eucharist means the transformation of the body and blood of Jesus into consecrated wafer, food for the disconnected soul of the cosmos, in this mystery, its reconnection with the cosmos, and therefore the true religation and thus essence of this “religion” Which is religare.
His feast is made on Holy Thursday, but transubstantiation is the feast of the whole cosmos, for at some point in history the sacred “body” has become a universe, and now this body becomes a piece of bread, a “Transubstantiation” that returns us to the whole universe

 

To leading wisdom and to master

07 Apr

The Greek word Paidagogos is formed by the word paidós (child) andJesusEoJumentinho agogos (conductor).

It was usually the work of the slave that took the child or young person to the formation, which derived in the same root word, meaning to give intellectual and cultural formation (Paidéia).

So pedagogy is linked to the act of leading from knowing, to leading wisdom and to master.

It should also be the driving of ways to bring the individual to knowledge, but it is not because the driver already owns knowledge and does not lead to the masters, to those who have built the knowledge, usually ignored or seen as “theorists”.

The Bible also shows a didactic example. When Jesus entered Jerusalem, he sent for a donkey to mount, he had no cavalry and pompous at his entrance although the people greeted him with branches of trees. This is the origin of Palm Sunday.

Many religious people today, instead of considering themselves a “donkey” who leads the master, put him in the place and want to reduce the wisdom of the master to his limited knowledge.

The reduction of knowledge, the so-called reductionism, the specialization of knowledge, knowing one area we want to be “wise” in several others, and especially the vulgarization of knowledge that humanity has already produced makes the colt a pseudo-wise, arrogant and vain. The Renaissance in the average idea was a resumption of antiquity, what will be the resumption of modernity lost in prejudices and reductions?