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The Easter of Humanity

19 Apr

It is certain that we live a dark time, not from the digital transformations that in their essence are not evil because they expanded the worldview by telecommunications and electronic networks, expanded the participation by MEDIAS of social networks, and made more Visible the great atrocities that have been practiced ever since: oppression, inequality and various types of social intolerances.
Only one passage is possible (a great Passover of death and resurrection), if we understand what must die and need to resurrect it.
The ideological construction that we conventionally call enlightenment has three pillars: the Kantian idealism sublimated by Hegel and used by many including Marx, the Enlightenment and the empiricist thought, who believed that true knowledge is in Senses, reason and science came from these pillars.
The Industrial revolution represented the departure of the rural worker who fought in communal regime for the city where it sells its workforce, at the beginning without rules and contracts of employment, then the Social contract of the state (read: Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau) leaves the Famous 3 powers and goes to the working class, with concessions but insufficient.
Thus the religious thought was progressively abandoned, what Max Weber called “Disenchantment of the world”, but it is necessary to understand that the part that idealism calls subjective (relative to the subject) is his own and with Heidegger there is a twist Ontological.
Also the Enlightenment thought was already in crisis with Husserl, since the logicism had already been questioned by the Vienna Circle, but still without disattaching it.
The Husserl development elaborates the concept of world-of-life (Lebenswelt), but another central aspect little cited is that Husserl takes the problem of historicity of philosophy, undertaking profound teleological-historical analyses, pointing philosophy As able to review the essential aspects of modern science.
Ernest Cassirer (1874-1945) wrote The philosophy of the Enlightenment, and held a significant debate on the issue of Liberty and Kantian reason with Heidegger that reveals these issues, the central point of this debate is the questions of the exact and moral sciences of enlightenment.
In this plan philosophical thought may be able to rethink the Enlightenment model, and certainly no solution will be more national, cultural or religiously isolated, global problems need and can only be solved the light of global governance.
It takes a new thought, a new man who embrace the world and of course a new world culture that allows for social balance, with nature and with cultures.

 

The history of Easter

18 Apr

Easter is of Jewish origin, Passover (from Hebrew פסח – picture – meaning to go over or overlook) recalls the passage of slavery in Egypt around the year 1446 BC, and in the Jewish case is to remind the new generations the suffering in Egypt.
Jesus is going to celebrate Easter with his disciples, but it was common for the emperor to release some of the rebels at this time, and Jesus is arrested and tried in public, although the governor of Palestine Pilate lays hands, Barabbas is released and Jesus goes to live condemnation, torture and cruxification until death, but his body disappears, and for Christians he has risen, several later events will confirm this.
The Jews sacrifice a lamb and must be eaten after the supper full of symbolism (in picture), among them the cup of Elijah that remains untouchable, but Jesus at the last supper before being delivered will use it and pass it to the disciples at supper with their friends there is only bread, and Jesus asks that this be done in his memory, after washing the feet of his friends.
There begins his sacrifice like lamb, in substitution to the Jewish lamb, he becomes humble servant and begins its way to calvary when one of the disciples leaves to deliver it.
Foot-washing, as it is called the event of washing the feet for supper, something generally done by the slaves, but now done by someone who could be deemed important however does exactly the opposite of what human logic indicates, asks the disciples to do this by following their example, humility is a high value that must be recovered mainly by leaders and people holding positions so that humanity can find a new course.
Knowledge and pride impede advances, enslave people, and make social relations more tense and violent.
The following video, made in animated comics, is very illustrative of Easter.

 

Arrogance, nets and feet-washed

17 Apr

It is a holy week, a fact that goes unnoticed, but it is fundamental in the spirituality that is said to be “Christian” (yes, for the society in crisis, everything is confused: democracy, freedom, moral, ethics and also the principles and values of certain cultures) a detail is the foot-washing ceremony, the master is lowered to a function made by slaves and washes the feet of the disciples.
There is no greater contradiction in the contemporary world, for the idea of power, wealth and arrogance without measures make the Other object of manipulation, desire and submission, and almost no circle escapes, from the power of the state to the periphery of cities, through schools, churches and various types of associations.
Behind this idea is to always see the Other as smaller, less prepared or less capable, the networks have reversed this and disorganized a vertical power structure, clear with exaggerations, but the central, often even established and democratic power too, see the censures of the ministers of the Brazilian STF (Tribunal Superior Judge), who were supposed to defend the constitution.
Yes the networks also exaggerate, but without the exercise they will never learn, is now given a power that only the editorial groups, the centers of power and the wealthy had, manipulate the truth in their favor, and were already fake news, I was going to ask where the truth was then.
Feet-washing puts this logic, will power or power Nietszche, something that seems natural, but for sick reasons evolve in times of crisis.
To wash the feet of prisoners, as did Pope Francisco in last year, to go to those who will not be able to reciprocate, to open their arms and pockets to those who need it, and in the case of Christian Easter, to give their lives for their friends, love, started with washing the feet.
Most people do not recognize the gesture, Peter did not want Jesus to do this, or think it is a false feeling, or that the person himself does not give himself the courage, never that [voluntary and conscious: washing the feet of those who could by some logic being below us.
Few do, in a society in crisis is more than a gesture, it is necessary, it is healing.
While the Brazilian thinker Leandro Karnal thinks that humility does not get well, Mario Sérgio Cortela said that is humility:

 

 

Poetry, Notre Dame and Ignorance

16 Apr

I was preparing to write something about the first volume of Otto Maria Carpeaux on Western literature, curiously I dwell on the passage: “‘lirism’ is the true name for the divine and human order in the world of Sophocles, symptoms of a precarious balance because purely aesthetic “(Carpeaux, 2012, p. 49), which speaks of lyricism in Sophocles, the fire of Notre Dame robs me of lyricism, and certainly not only aesthetic but historical.
Certainly there will be some who think that they are stones and museums, the little appreciation for the religious question touches me, but I understand, but no appreciation for history, the first arches that extended the ceiling of the Gothic cathedrals, an engineering work that lasted almost 300 years, that used various styles of architecture that could be reviewed and understood, etc.
There is militant ignorance, appeals to practice, objectivism (which robs any lyrical or poetic possibility), what Byung Chull Han calls the culture of the “smooth”, flat, without wrinkles or details, which wants to abolish any environment, enhances or poetic license, the “challenge” culture.
I saw the works of Gaudi in Barcelona the contemporary opposite of the culture of the flat, a poetry, lyricism and a mystique made of stone as he intended, the internal lights of the Sagrada Familia are a spectacle to the part, it is not the digital that abolished this, much before modern objectivism.
Ignorance beyond questioning any concept, philosophy or theory, in addition to a pseudo appeal to practice, objectivity or any other argument, in fact without good method none of this can be successfully achieved, this ignorance has become militant and I wonder if would not be able to destroy mankind’s patrimony.
The Islamic State did this in Palmyra, but do not we do the same in our instrumentalizing, ideologized and militant practice, in fact, there is today a militious ignorance.
I want to imagine that the fire of Notre Dame was not a criminal, because it does the same thing as terrorism by destroying history, culture and the possibility of future generations understanding the long road that humanity has gone through, it is not possible to have a promising future by ignoring the past, not only the deeds, but also the mistakes and misunderstandings.
I accept this momentary death, this is my easter and easter of history, but I believe in future and in the culture.

 

Notre Dame on fire

15 Apr

Today the Notre Dame was been on fire in enourmous proportions. 
The present church was built in the year 1163, when the Romanesque church there was demolished because Bishop Maurice de Sully considered it unworthy of values and the technical innovations allowed new daring forms and arches and ceilings were erected.
The church of Notre Dame, which stands for Our Lady [and one of the oldest of the Gothic style, and the long process of construction that lasted until the mid-fourteenth century, and the various architects who participated in the construction justifies the stylistic differences present.
During the French Revolution several elements of the church were stolen, ending the space itself by serving as a warehouse for food, but Victor Hugo incorporated to it a romantic spirit and inclusion, the novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame in 1831.
There are indications that the Celts would have celebrated ceremonies there and later the Romans would have made a temple of devotion to the god Jupiter, and still there would have existed one of the first churches of Christianity in Paris: the Basilica of Saint-Etienne, designed by Quildebert I by around 528 AD.
The fire destroys a patrimony of humanity, a historical document and the reconstruction will hardly maintain the original originality, is a great loss for the history.
In live now NBC News has a documentar about this:

https://www.nbcnews.com/video/watch-live-notre-dame-cathedral-in-paris-on-fire-1493982275799

 

Alexa: between complaints and new kit

15 Apr

In the midst of allegations of invasion of user privacy, use of data to augment Amazon’s personal assistant: Alexa, the company launches a kit that can further enhance the development of its “intellectual” ability the Alexa Skills kit ( ASK).
The claims made by Bloomberg were that employees would be listening to conversations and using private information, the company defended itself by saying that “an extremely small sample” was used and that its employees did not have access to identification.
The goal would be to help users “better understand their requests and ensure the service works well for everyone,” the machine learning and deep lerning functions are used.
The company of Jeff Bezos began to carry out tests in Portuguese, and already released the kit to reach the market of the 3rd. the most widely spoken language on the Internet, developers will be able to develop the “skills” of the voice assistant and thus expand the ecosystem of the product in Portuguese.
The idea is to anticipate the hardware products that will be released to Alexa, incorporating the Internet of Things (IoT) and when they were released already have developments.
The Amazon testflight, as it is known, has versions for Apple and iOS, but free software developers non Vasile, there are development alternatives.
In addition to releasing the kit, Amazon also stated on its website that enterprises: Bose, LG and Intelbras are development products.
This is basic introduction to ASK:

 

Shut me up, the stones will speak

12 Apr

It is not illusionism, pure utopia (Thomas Morus’s Utopia is the desire for a world with fairness), it is about understanding and respecting the mystery, of being aware that we do not know everything. It was not Einstein, but Heisenberg who first announced the quantum theory, which inspired Dali in his Mystical Manifesto, which changed the idea of ​​science, space, and time.

The image of the real black hole is just the tip of the iceberg of a mysterious universe, which surprises us and shows us our limitation.

Much of the contemporary regression is the incomprehension of cosmology and cosmogony, which in a different way are present in all cultures and religions.

Scientism, determinism, and materialism wanted to abolish the subjective thinking of cosmogonies, but it survived, and the discovery of the black hole is the enlargement of scientific cosmogony.

Says the biblical Reading (Lk 19:40) “if they shut me up, the stones will speak,” in the passage that the religious themselves asked Jesus not to speak of his eschatology, his mission and his end in the hands of the powerful. The quantum computation is explained by Shohini Ghose in 10 minutes:

 

 

The first image of the Black Hole

11 Apr

But in reality it is much more than that, and the proof of the theory of relativity, the variation of space and time (considered absolute in modernity), with the supermacious black hole photo, in the Center of The M87 Galaxy was unveiled on Wednesday at six simultaneous press conferences in Brussels, Washington, Santiago, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo.
It is the result of a decade of effort, made in five countries by the members of the EHT’s Collaboration of the Horizon of Events (EHT), and the imaging was done by telescopes connected to satellites in various parts of the earth see figure) to compose the image. But a black hole does not emit light, what was the photographer then-what does the image show at all? its shadow that it causes in its bright neighborhood, these rays of light in the surroundings deviated and distorted by its intense gravitational field form the reddish tones.
At its frontier happens a horizon of events, marking the points where even the light gets sucked out of gravity, is 2.5 times smaller than the shadow projects it, and yet measures 40 billion km from one side to the other, being this called Monster.
A 29-year-old scientist was important in the team of 30 researchers who helped compose the image, she is Katherine Bouman, a postdoctoral student at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and developed the algorithm for imaging.
The explanation of black holes is in video follow:

 

Philosophy: consolation, island and infinite

10 Apr

The section in which he analyzes the philosophy of Boethius, Anselm and Thomas Aquinas, Warburton shows his lack of appreciation of the religiosity of both, and the aspects analyzed: the consolation of Boethius’ philosophy and Anselm’s theological argument, which is not the same as Thomas Aquinas, and the absence of this analysis is presumed that perhaps it was for Warburton, are private.
Boethius (480-524 AD) is indeed important to be remembered, his discourse on Philosophy, an imaginary person in the period that is imprisoned as a consolation, although important, for it is his main known speech, his contribution through a fragment found of his writings: whether or not they exist universally, is his most important contribution. Important because it is about the issue will be the debate between realists and nominalists, whether the universals are things or merely words (for the nominalists).
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was a realist and his argument about rationalism as a complement to faith, is his most strongly theo-ontological argument, and his thesis on the being and the essence, his deeper contribution to philosophy.
But back to a brief History of the Philosophy of Nigel Warburton, when speaking of the ontological argument of Saint Anselm (1033-1109), about the existence of God, he presents as a counterpoint the “perfect island” of the monk Gaunilo de Marmoutier, an imaginary island that would so perfect that we could not imagine that there is a more perfect one than she, although no one was there.
His argument, which proves that such an island would not exist, in contrast to Anselm’s that there is nothing beyond God, for an imagined God cannot be greater than an existing God (Warburg, 2012, 52).
Now the island is finite, and God or the Universe or something that exists as a whole, an therefore ontological argument, “what is,” exists even though we can discuss what kind of being is.
What is the island’s faulty argument, then, is that it being finite may not have perfections of existing islands, and as an island it is “isolated” which is typical of positivist empiricism.
What Boethius, Anselm, and Thomas Aquinas did in the long period of maturing of philosophy and science, still remembered the scribes and offices in the monasteries, was the building of the basis for a rationalism that is not opposed to faith but ut complements it.
The vídeo shows ideas about The Consolation of Philosophy of the Boethius:

 

The Interiority: garden, indifference or puppets

09 Apr

Following a great development of the idea of the Polis, the next movement of thought goes into interiority, Aristotle had been the preceptor of Alexander the Great, who built the first great empire of antiquity, but then came the Roman Empire, the polis was confined in ideas about law, wars of conquest and finally the Roman pax, which was the surrender to the great empire.
The thought will confine the interiority, Warburton will call the chapter on Garden Epicurus, because he ran his school in a house with a garden, and his basic ideas was how to make the philosophy practical to make life happy, the practical was so rules of how to work inner issues, and between them avoiding ideas about death.
A second school that emerged in this period were called skeptics, for their indifference in many relevant matters, or Stoics because they met at the gates of the cities called “stoa”, hence the name of the school.
The basic idea is captured by Warburton as: “Our attitude toward what happens is within the limits of our control, though whatever happens is not.”(Warburton: 2012, 32).
To a birth of reason, because the Stoics believed that we should not feel sad about something wrong that happens to us, when we are deceived or have emotions that would hinder our thinking, we should always eliminate it completely.
Thus, if contemporary philosophy can be said to be objectivist in the sense of the subjectivists, the influence of Cicero on the Enlightenment is recognized, especially in Locke, Hume, and Montesquieu.
Finally, Augustine’s view of Warburton as that which all reality as “puppets” of divine thought, nothing more unjust, Augustine tried to free himself from the Manichean thought that imprisoned him in a struggle between good and evil, and his conversion to Christianity was just that cristianism isn’t manichaeism view of life.
I know that even Christian scholars see it that way, and Manichaeism is still an influential part of religion.

Warburton, N. Uma história da filosofia. São Paulo: LP&M, 2012. (in portuguese).
The philosopher Massimo Pugliucci has interess in stoicism and explain this thinking:

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