Arquivo para June, 2015

Intelligent agents are happening

16 Jun

In a recent article in CIO Australia, many new jobs areWatson being proposed to increase the services where intelligent agents can be used, they include: services to tag pictures and verify that these markings popular with users on Facebook, Baidu is working on a technology to put an adjoining voice capacity for its search engine allowing users to chat via smartphones or other devices, the Department of Defense and the Australian Technology Organization is trying a technology with intelligent agents to control autonomous drones operating in sea, land and air mapping using satellite and which seems particularly interesting IBM is training your supercomputer Watson to ask questions of human experts and help them with tasks such as drug discovery and document classification.

The report does not explain much of each of these surveys, but talk show-type question and answer, called Jeopardy in the US, the Watson computer won human.
The idea that we can classify documents and assist the organization in a universe with just enough disorder is a very simple idea because all chaos has an order, and complex because it requires the processing of billions of data, and therefore information, entropy which is a Indeed since the beginning of history but does not address something else that the very idea that it is possible to organize it is also possible to develop a process of self-organization, not automatic but likely to be suggestible and manageable.

Tom Simonite, author of an article in MIT Technology Review, described a test of the new feature Watson, made in the Environment Cognitive Lab of IBM in Yorktown Heights, New York, with a laboratory equipped with a conference room with microphones to listen and convey all what they say in the meeting, the software used there apparently takes all inputs speech and transcribes them in real time to feed it to the computer and Watson did this with various experts.

The area of ​​intelligent agents promises to be the next big disruptive technology of the decade.


Algorithm to paint creative

15 Jun

The paints can be considered depending on the creative influence of currents performers or artistsSimilares prior to define creative paints or which are only derived from a determined current, researchers Ahmed and ElGamal Babak Salek Rutger University developed a vision algorithm cyber sorting images.

They used concepts that can be called classemes (classemes) developed in 2559 a list of different types with a vector (a list of parameters) that classifies, which is described in the recent article by MIT Technology Review, USA.

The algorithm consulting a spleen of the art data containing images and notes on about 62,000 works of art and can be seen approaching the ranks of art history, but also showing how contemporary paintings use old features.

The history of the paintings have a large number of similar form of examples that already has previous traces of great influence on those who followed, for example, Leonardo da Vinci’s Madonna of 1469 and a child with a pomegranate, Goya 1780, even Monet or crucified Christ, 1865 and so on.

Others paintings are more derived, showing many similarities with those who came before and are therefore considered less creative.


The contempt for the masses and the hierarchical elite

12 Jun

The media to despise, networks and any preparation even though science made by “mass”DerMassen term used by Peter Sloterdijk and his book “Die Verachtung der Massen”,  in english “Contempt for the masses”, (Estação Liberdade, 2002, p. is in brazilian edition), but it may well be replaced by an correct adjective: the “crowd.”

The book grew out of a dialogue with Elias Canetti and its diagnosis about the aggressiveness of the “mass” and held in a dialogue with Heidegger, Nietzsche, Foucault, Rorty (criticizes this your bet in an anti-philosophical stupidity) and some other curiously at times goes on to quote the theology of grace, and this is its keynote says that “lovers of smart masses” will say: “For this reason in the world grow like weeds those ethics committees that, like institutes the shattered philosophy, want to replace the wise. “(in brazilian edition, p. 99)

Immediately identifies the crowd neither passivity nor objectivity, but: “Just the fact that modern crowd, turned and subjectivized, becomes insistently mass called by their spokesmen and those who despise, already suggests that the rise to Sovereignty more can be perceived as an unfinished process, perhaps never-ending. “(p. 12)

Unlike other late modern, Sloterdijk stands: “The mass not in session and not reunível in postmodern society no longer has, therefore, a sense of body and spaces; He is not more converge and act, no longer feels its pulsating nature; no longer produces a cry together. Distances itself increasingly the possibility to move from their practice routines and indolent to a revolutionary sharpening. “(P. 21).

Hence arises the two contempt of the elite “engaged” and economic elite, he says: “Necessarily appears twice also the second contempt or scorn compound as low as offensive contempt of the elites by the new relaxed masses who do of their way of life the measure of all things and want to break free from its observer that despises; and as contempt of the masses and its broad language through the last elitists who know their goals despised by the mass and can sense that the organization in mass culture just once and for all what they care about. “(p. 70)

And clarifies the alleged “involvement” as: “This first committed human science does not forget its mission at any time. With methodical seriousness and strategic finesse it pursues its intended purpose: If you need to delete the very essence – because of essential differences to be denied – it will also pay this price “(p. 87).

The text provoked a controversy due to the future of humanity, so there is no end, only the mass wants to be the crowd, networks, blogs and anonymous heroes are there.


Fooling hackers and viruses on Facebook

11 Jun

VirusFaceAn Israeli company has released a software called Illusive Networks developed software that tricks hackers into believing they have found a way to steal data but without knowing whether they are true or false.
Although not directly related, a virus spreads through a Facebook post that invites you to do some bold poses of a beautiful young woman.
The virus spreads saying that you are over 19 friends and were tagged in this video? You should not create this link because it will choose 19 of his friends to continue spreading the virus and so on expanding into snowball.
The virus appears with a notification in your timeline, but stop there, you have not “contracted” the virus, one of your relationship contracted and sent to you if you do click contracting and spreading addiction, then DO NOT DO THIS.
Facebook says it is working to try to prevent this virus in the environment itself.
You could create something like the Illusive software where “targeted attacks” or “advanced persistent threats” are identified and pass false customer data in the case of this software credit cards and bank accounts.


The state as religion and networks

10 Jun

The phrase is Francis Fukuyama, famous for the “end of history”, but want to understand its genesisHegelReligion and its development today.


It was from elaborations from Kant to Locke that the modern state ideas were consolidated, but in Hegel not only idealism reaches its apex but also the ethics of the State, the positivist science and logic as the basis for a belief “secular” in the state.


The Hegelian philosophy is based on the philosophy of identity, expressing it in religion, history and finally in the right world with his concept of the state: “In addition, for live philosophy essentially the universality of the element, which itself includes particular, it raises it, more than in other sciences, the appearance of which in the end and the last results expressed the same thing, and even his consummate essence “(Hegel, 2001).


As art Hegel in his Aesthetics courses, related philosophy with the representation of truth wrote: “For only philosophy as a whole is the knowledge of the universe as an organic necessity in itself, which develops from its own concept and in his own need to relate herself as a whole returning to you as a world of truth “(Bousaguet & Bryant, 1889).


Structure in history as the state Hegel says that the first universal form was despotism, then democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy Third, it shows that it is the State’s idea comes first materialized through the spirit becoming aware themselves in the story, so the state would be the very embodiment of history, Marx part there in his proletarian state.


Let’s look at the text: “As a result, the first form of government we had in world history was the despotism; then came democracy and aristocracy, and, thirdly, the monarchy “(ibid). Hegel shows the realization of the state as a realm of freedom for political-administrative determination as monarchy, universal instance in which the idea is materialized by through the mind becoming aware of itself in history. “(Hegel, 2001).


The state religion believes that he is all powerful, it is fair, there is crisis, networks are there to deny and demystify all this, it is not printed, but the networks of people who are there.


Hegel, G. L. Phenomenology of Spirit. ew York: Fordham Univer- sity Press, 1976. NY: Fordham University Press, 1976.,  1976

______. Philosophy of History. Ontario, Ca: Batoche Books, 2001.

Bonsaguet, B. & Bryant, W.M. Hegel’s Lectures on Aesthetics, Selections from Hegel’s Lectures on Aesthetics, “The Journal of Speculative Philosophy”, 1886.


Jott, new media networks?

09 Jun

According to a report of TechCruch, the Jott app that works without a data plan or no Wi-Fi connectionJott is being appreciated and growing among students of American high school, says co-founder Jared Allgood app.
He says he came half a million active users in March, which means a significant increase for the previous 150,000 active users.
Allgood also said the growth is 15 to 20,000 users a day, which already puts him in the top 75 of Top raking social networking media in the US in March ..

What is the reason for all this? For teens who do not have a data plan or that parents limit access, podeno use their iPods and iPads to exchange a message to others in a closed network if they are in an area of ​​100 feet or at school.

According to data from Pew Research, about 88 percent of young people of 13-17 years have a mobile phone or smartphone, but not all of them get a data plan or a way to access the Internet during school hours, so this was the boost of new media.


The remedy cure or more sick: understand the brazilian crisis

08 Jun

The idea that the Brazilian economy was healthy just after the elections, and what you see is an attempt to reduceInflation the social consumption with high interest rates and budget cuts in sectors where there could be cuts while other sectors are still spending.

The remedy is to cut costs, but this should not sacrifice their children and family sick.

A family that solves reduce costs because it’s getting pay the bills with difficulties, should try to choose areas where you can cut, can not cut back on food, health and education, and currently also the security item entered on the agenda.

One way that the government has to make people spend less is to increase interest rates, it means reduce the consumption which is the opposite of the previous period where there was incentive to consumption, and thus can clearly see that the path was wrong, but as it took to cut the costs will be higher and more drastic cuts, and the worst is that it is not giving the expected result.

A family for cutting credit in the market, in a country the international lenders tighten right, the country sell less and buy more entering a vicious circle.

In Brazil, credit card interest them are arriving at a rate of 12.1% per month or 290.5% a year, one consequence is that companies reduce investments and are forced to lay off workers, the unemployment rate It grew to 8% of the productive force.

The logic of exchange is as follows, increasing the dollar or the real devaluing which is the same means that our product is cheaper out there (a product worth U $ 10 is worth $ 8 if the real devalued 20%) and also products out are more expensive and do not come to compete in the domestic market, but has taxes who deal with domestic products, to sell the government charges less and raises less.

The medicine can cure or sick over the body, inflation in Brazil continues to rise then ..


Body, infinite and Noosfere

05 Jun

The infinite is seen from the ontology, and exactly how the philosopher Lévinas sees it, is but the ideaVasos comunicantes that the whole universe is a Being, and he lives a body life, as proposed by the philosopher Leibniz early modernity with his theory of monads.

The body metaphor is important because it means that each cell (Monad in the case of the universe) is subjected to a drive and is therefore living organically and communicates.
Heidegger wrote to Leibniz player: “The internal possibility of individuation [of being], its essence lies in the monad as such. Its essence is to drive “(Heidegger, p. 99).
“The drive is while this unifying, the nature of a being. Each monad always has its ‘constitution proposes originale’. This is delivered along with the act of creation.” (Heidegger, pp. 99)
Here overcome the dichotomy nature and culture, we might say the Monad individuated (not individualized because it remains in drive with the other), to establish their drive together with the whole universe (unifying) establishes the general culture as a result of this whole set of drives, and this refers to the act of creation or the Big Bang, or drive with the whole universe, and this gives us an organically living body mind.
But this body and the universe is not finite as the body of an individual being, so be as Lévinas thought from the third meditation Descartes: “I must not imagine that I can not conceive the infinite by a true idea, but only by the negation of that is finite, just as I understand the home and darkness by denying the motion of light: for, on the contrary, I see clearly that there is more reality in infinite substance than in finite substance and, therefore, that, somehow, I have in me the notion of infinite prior to the finite … ” (Meditations of the Descartes).
Teilhard Chardin called this whole body of Noosphere, because being a mystical understand also spiritually whole body communicates (noon spirit), and claimed that the whole universe is the body of Christ, was accused of pantheism, as Spinoza was and how could Leibniz be, maybe not today accused Levinas or Heidegger, after all these have the most generous idea of ​​Being, the mystical point of view.
All this may seem difficult, but it is simple if we use the metaphor of communicating vessels, in pot put water all rise, if we remove all water fall, each pot is a being, water is the drive, and all level the vessels is the culture at some point.
All we know of the universe today is only 4% that is the baryonic matter, the remaining 96% of matter and dark energy remains unknown, as Levinas says at the beginning of his book Totality and Infinity: “The truth remains hidden”.


The infinite, Bauman and Levinas

03 Jun

Each reading whatever reading, but often read the author did not say what his interpreter wants to put in his mouth, in the case of reading Bauman of Levinas.


Save translation error, Levinas wrote “The ontology which brings the Other to the Same, promotes freedom which is the identification of the Same, who is not alienating the Other” (Levinas, 1980, p. 30), ie, there is a kind of ontology that promotes freedom to identify the SAME, which is the one who is not disposed of, this listen carefully and respect the Other, but not this ontology that Levinas argues.


This ontology reduces the Other to the Same, but calls into question the exercise of the Same, that is, the other should be able to put into question the Same.


Levinas, which is a special player Heidegger (read his other book The Existence of Husserl to Heidegger), reaches a critical Heidegger, these terms ontology “which makes the relationship with the Other in relation to being in general and, in this case, it is an obedience to the anonymous and results in imperialism “(LÉVINAS.1980, p. 34).


For Levinas, it was the Cartesian meditation that separated the self and the other, letting the EGO be confused with the Other as consciousness is unable to contain the Infinite he judge thinking.


But for Levinas The Infinite, to exceed all limits of cogito, shown as an externality which never integrates with Even, it was unthinkable for Descartes and confusing to Bauman that judges be beyond ontology and the inclusion of the Other, and that reason they are ready to judge you and not to release it in its liquid modernity.


Infinity refers to the universe, but not as a whole, the universe is a body and the body can have a sense of being not just one, this is for tomorrow.


Levinas, Emmanuel. Totality and Infinity. London: Kluwer Academics Pub., 1961.


Second dichotomy: nature vs. culture

02 Jun

All the classical philosophy on the development of the State goes through man’s relationship with nature, whenCulturaNatureza in fact it with the culture, for nature is unique and it is possible to speak of a unified theory of nature as Edgar Morin said in his method: ” The nature of nature, “which is not the culture.

Francis Bacon gives rise to empiricism, had already saying that “you can not dominate nature to not obey it,” but the empiricist John Locke say later disagreeing with Tomas Hobbes that man is not a wolf to man as this thought but develops its nature within a society, why then is not culture and society.

Jean Jacques Rousseau will theorize the noble savage, the naive man who lives in the society, all these so-called theoretical “contractualist” are not doing anything other than justifying state violence, Francis Fukuyama will say that Aristotle would disagree with it precisely because the Self Aristotelian It is not at odds with nature, as well: “Aristotle disagreed (the correct translation would disagree) of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau in a critical aspect. It claimed that humans are political in nature and that their natural abilities take them to flourish in society “(Fukuyama, 2013, p. 42).

So political “in nature” by no means a certain way or “cultural” policy or state, that is why we fall in this cultural dichotomy and unnatural.

Edgar Morin explains: “In short, the acceptance of the confusion can become a way to resist the crippling simplification. It is true that we lack the method to departure; but at least we have the antimétodo, where ignorance, uncertainty and confusion become virtues. “(MORIN, 1977, p.19).

The nature explains Morin is the difficulty of separate knowledge: “So the choice is not between knowing particular, precise, limited, and abstract overview. It lies between mourning and research of a method able to articulate what is separate and unite what is dissociated.” (MORIN, 1977, p.18).

The basis of this dialogue, and return to the question of Being, also overcome one must know the dialogical dialectic, which also means weaving things that are apparently separate as the reason and emotion, the sensible and the intelligible, the real and the imagination, reason and myth, science and art.

We must then find a new metaphor, which is thought that the question of the body, for its organic which is able to put the knowledge into the relatedness they require.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution. N.y.: Macmillan . 2011.

MORIN, Edgar. Method I: the nature of nature. L.A.: P. Lang, 1992.