Arquivo para January 18th, 2016

Davoz: Leviathan to Cibercultura

18 Jan

The debate over whether the vacuum was made in the seventeenthFourtRevolution century between my contractualist Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and the experimentalist Robert Boyle (1627-1691), the first book Leviathan and discuss the structure of society, where man only could be “controlled” by a strong state also discusses the structure of matter, but Boyle’s experiments in the 1660s showed that the vacuum was possible, this debate is on the book by Shapin and Sheaffer: Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil (published 1985) and was awarded the Erasmus Prize in 2005.

The theoretical problem there is the production of acceptable knowledge production methods and shows how social factors are related to different ways of producing them, not about this, but in fact, Boyle’s experiment was important for the industrial revolution it was If this influenced the emergence of boilers fired water vapor, later propulsion engines, while Hobbes later modified reformulates the idea of ​​”social contract” that gave rise to modern republic, and then reshaped by John Locke (1632- 1704) suffered influence of Boyle, and finally Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).

The meeting Davoz this year (from 20 to 23 January) speaks of 4th. industrial revolution, an American book published last year by John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge says the fourth revolution and the state: The Fourth Revolution – The Global Race to Reinvent the State (Penguin Press, 2014), is not what Davoz discuss, but It is an unspoken agenda: a republican democracy is experiencing a crisis.

What is on the agenda is the economic crisis, although act signs of recovery, which should be discussed is how the industrial revolutions: the first in 1784 (production of mechanical equipment powered steel, water and propulsion), the second from 1870: division of labor, electricity and mass production that would later lead to Fordism, the third in 1969 with the production of electronics, IT equipment (Information Technology) and automation, now would be a fourth with the production of cyber-physical equipment but what is this?

In the basic text of the World Economic Forum conference are pointed out three factors that lead to think in a fourth revolution and not an extension of the third: the speed, range and systemic impacts.

The speed that advances would take place no historical precedent, is it? the explosion of information is analyzed from the 40s, but now the pace is exponentially true.

The range is also true, as it is stopping almost all sectors in all countries, even China is experiencing a slight decrease, but should we grow like that?

Finally the breadth and depth of these changes herald the transformation of the entire production systems, management and governance, and here we interest them Micklethwait and Wooldridge texts, as well as the discussion of the Economics Prize 2015 Angus Deamon, in his analysis of “consumption, poverty and well-being,” creating tax rules for this, but an analysis of micro-economy and not macros as is usual for this.