Arquivo para April, 2016

What is peace?

29 Apr

UNESCO establishing a chair of OntoEticaPhilosophy for Peace, this because perhaps the most difficult to change is the shift from a war culture, and we had two great wars at the height of “modernity” which reveals its obvious crisis, we need to change the root thinking about peace.


The chair, writes Professor Guzman (2005): “As human beings, we have expertise to organize our relations, making use of war and any other kind of structural, cultural or symbolic violence, which suppose marginalization, exclusion and death of some human beings by and other environmental degradation. “Emphasizing an issue that affects the entire human race and maybe this can be a good starting point.


But it is also true that we have power to organize our relations peacefully: expressing tenderness or affection in interpersonal relations or creating local governance institutions, state or global that promote human relations based on justice and relations with nature based on sustainability. In this context, the philosophical challenge of peace studies is the normative reconstruction of our skills to make peace.


We argue that an important point for peace is to consider all the races and nations, are immersed in them all cultures and also there we have the intermediate point (the starting point is all people) the issue of societies originate.


We stand as originating companies, those that have a fundamental root that estab what kind of culture it emerges and which social and ethical consequences that this culture will, it is immersed in a “being” and it is this that we want to look for peace.


So we draw a new emergency to a world “globalized” the need for onto- ethics that it contemplates all being present in different cultures and hence one can trace an ethical model that respects this be in contact with other cultures.

Guzmán, Vicent M. Podemos hacer las paces. Reflexiones éticas tras el 11-S y el 11-M. Bilbao: Desclée de Brouwer,  2005.


Industry and technology: is a Brazilian way out?

28 Apr

Sectors that held the plummet of our economy are maize with a growth of StartUp110% approximately, soybeans 46% and 13.4% cellulose growth recorded in the first quarter 2016 with the economy in decline and the brazilian political crisis still without solution yet.


While we see the Brazilian industry is reducing, with major industries out or closed doors, and only the agricultural sector holding on to ask if the high technology has something to say and can be a way to recover the industrial park?

Apparently yes, companies like WEG Santa Catarina, is one of the largest exporters of motor and electronics equipment in the world, and grew 24% last year amid an economic crisis (and political course) because it has a strong standing in exports, almost 55% of its revenue comes from abroad, and employ 31,000 people. Another of a smaller is the Bralyx machines working with confectionery equipment and production masses, has insertion in 50 countries and sales of U$ 12 million, half from abroad, but employs only 150 people.


High-tech sectors are promising and Brazil has manpower and a good education system in this regard, a system that helps the startup* in this sector would be important, although the basis of primary and secondary education needs reform.
* Startup – the name given to any innovative company at an early stage.


Technology-People Literacy (TPL)

27 Apr

This is Technology-PeopleGartner2015 Literacy (TPL), which would in Portuguese TAP, but do not know whether to take exactly that.
The truth is that for the first time it appeared in the famous Gartner hipociclo starting the curve of expectations, and also that appears next to security concerns.

One of the important things to know the point that a particular technology is a hipoclico curve is to understand what exactly does “literacy” (or learning) at one time as expected and maturity within that curve, for example, until the early 1990 meant nothing the Web, cell phones were too large for the pocket, Google only appeared in 1998 and precisely in this period a metadata system called Dublin Core was appearing until 2003 there was MySpace and Youtube was launched only two years after this.

Thus, tools are created, developed and worked as the time in 1995 was basic to work with word processing and spreadsheets, but today there are more sophisticated tools and spreadsheets have developed where you just know what are the fields to be filled, the word processors have correction tools, custom comments and even own vocabularies for certain contexts.

Set “literacy” or digital learning means now, since it entered the Gartner hipociclo curve (in 2015) something designated as PLT (People-Literate Tecnology), which means a richer and more complex definition of literacy for example, the University of Colorado has defined putting many topics to consider this complexity: communicate, solve problems, Access, manage, integrate, evaluate, design and create information to enhance learning in all areas, and ultimately, acquire knowledge over life and 21st century skills.

Note that two items refer to Communication and Information, another to solve problems and a quarter what it means to acquire knowledge in the 21st century.


The Brazilians game: Jequi´s Dream

26 Apr

Three Brazilians resident in one of the driest areas and the poorest in Brazil, SonhoDeJequia boy named Jequi, direct reference to the North Mine Valley and south of Bahia, runs through the semi-arid region the demand for water in a landscape of cacti and sawed.
The story serves as a backdrop to the game, was developed by newly graduated students of PUC Minas, the authors are Eric Grasso, Alessandra Faria and Ramon Coelho, the mining team Tower Up Studios.


Sponsored by Microsoft, the competition evaluates various games, and the national stage of the competition takes place this year in Belo Horizonte as the result of a partnership between the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Innovation of the State of Minas Gerais.
The prize of US $ 50,000, to be delivered to the innovative work of the entire planet, and this is the 14th. edition of the international tournament promoted by Microsof.
The number of games involving solely war and use of firearms is immense, and concern for education and the future of young people not only Brazilians, but of the entire planet, as the games are successful around the world, except rare Arab countries where they are prohibited, but there is no longer a parallel game.
There are other national games competing, Brazil won last year with the game made the USP “Clothes for Me” tool for making tailored clothing.


The third way democratic

25 Apr

With the ability of the Senate to open the impeachment of President QuemDilma Roussef, open up the possibilities of Michel Temer to take, but it can be prevented with the President, then was Eduardo Cunha take, but the proceedings in the Supreme Court would not allow and finally left Senator Renan Calheiros, who could call new elections, but …
If he decides to rule, remember a not too distant past that in 2007 he was accused of having expenses paid by lobbyist Claudio Gontijo, the construction company Mendes Junior (Buildings) and the money was backing the pension and rent of the journalist Monica Veloso, with whom the senator has a daughter, he resigned to not lose the mandate and then returned in 2010.
Going back further in time, the Collor government, was leader of the government support base in the House, and then with Itamar Franco, was president of a subsidiary of Petrobras, senator in the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso was appointed Minister of Justice.
He’s with various processes in the Lava-Jato (corruption process in Brazil), and still may be the only option in the case of any impediment government Dilma is the sad reality of the country, lack decent options.
In a probable judgment that would bring together all democratic forces in the country, it seems that would be the only option, but we must demand direct elections immediately, also Renan has no reliability for the eventual impeachment, govern and get unite the country.
Missing people really interested in hearing the claim of the streets and unite the country, missing on all who are capable of doing this, so we were a hard struggle in which we can all lose.


Brazilian crisis: similarities with 54 and 64

22 Apr

I stated in my blog the progress of the current crisis was more like 54EraVargas than 64 who claim the government supporters, although history never repeat (Marx said that first as tragedy and then as comedy, and 64 was the tragedy).


The facts for many Brazilians who do not know history, but they would take better care of our fragile and delicate democracy, let us take the fact that at 54 led to the suicide of Vargas and vice president pose Café Filho, one of his opponents.


Getúlio had been elected with the campaign “The oil is ours”, and created the state which caused some discontent of business sectors, and also increased the minimum wage by 100% ensuring popular base for your govern.

Had as severe opposition journalist Carlos Lacerda (there are some but highlight prof. Marcos Villa and Reinaldo Azevedo) with the difference that this was reportedly linked to UDN.


In August morning of 05 journalist Carlos Lacerda suffers paying attention which gets hurt, and the Marshal of the Air Force Rubens Vaz is murdered, it is discovered that Gregory Fortunato, one Getulio man, a former police officer, called the black cover is appointed is the mastermind of the crime.


Crime called the attack Toneleros Street, is decisive for the campaign against Vargas winning fans all over Brazil and also the vice president is campaigning for Getulio resigns along with it, to create a coalition government.


Thus, the president begins to be pressed by politicians, the military, the business sectors.


In my view the similarities stop here, as in the present case it is possible way out of the crisis.


On August 24, 1945, alone in his room in Catete Palace (the seat of government was in Guanabara State), Vargas decides to take his life to “go down in history.”


Os poetas da Inconfidência Mineira

21 Apr

In the late eighteenth century, more precisely in the year 1789 a revolt was Inconfidenciaaborted by the then government of the captaincy of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, against, among other things, the execution of spills and Portuguese rule.

Pour consisted of the following, Portuguese law created when the gold mines started to run out, each holding region should pay 3307 pounds of gold (1500 kilograms) per year to the Portuguese crown, but soldiers entered the family house to withdraw the belongings to complete the amount due.

Besides the lieutenant Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, known as Tiradentes the group was formed by poet Tomas Antonio Gonzaga and Claudio Manuel da Costa, the owner of Ignatius Alvarenga mine, Rolim priest, they created the motto that is the mining flag to the today: Libertas Quae Sera Tamen (Freedom albeit Late).

In the collection of Cecilia Meirelles in the collection of Ballads Inconfidência poems, she tells the story of Mines, in one of his verses:

E diz o Poeta ao Vigário,                            And the poet says the vicar,:
com dramática prudência:                      with dramatic prudence
“Tenha meus dedos cortados                 “Keep my fingers cut off
antes que tal verso escrevam…”            before such write back …”
ouve-se em redor da mesa.                       hear around the table.
E a bandeira já está viva,                            And the flag is already alive,
e sobre, na noite imensa.                          and on, the immense night
E os seus tristes inventores                      And his sad inventors
já são réus – pois se atreveram               They are already defendants –are dared
a falar em Liberdade                                    speaking in Freedom
(que ninguém sabe o que seja)                (No one knows what it is).
There is controversy about the history, because many conspirators were slaveholders and also the fact that fought for the independence of Minas Gerais, since there was a national identity, which is also necessary to remember these days, regionalism and immense inequality between states and citizens within the country.


Brazilian Modern Week´ 22

20 Apr

The Brazil 1922 was a foreshadow of what could happen in the 30s, SemanaArte22but a group of intellectuals tried positive way of looking at the future breaking with the Caboclo nihilism name I prefer than “ontology of abandonment” already mentioned in previous posts, the period has analyzed Machado to Lima Barreto. Martin Vasques da Cunha says that Sergio Buarque de Holanda, then just a literary critic visited Lima Barreto already ill in 1921, and in a strange conversation for the two requested support to a Manifesto of a Modernist Movement launched by a group of several intellectuals several areas.

After listening to him talk to other Turkish magazine Klaxon, it ironic between several things would have said to the French poet Paul Verlaine saying, “This indeed was a poet. He drank like a goat .. “and according to Cunha (p. 164)” Days later, Lima publish an article in which solemnly despised paulistanos ideals, stating that he knew had long been, what was this “futurism” that both defended “.

Far from being just a break, there were these young Art Week 22, a literary desire that can be defined didactically in two ways: to find a national identity and second announce a more promising future for the country.

The tables Abapuru and Carnival in Tarsila do Amaral Madureira show these two trends, while the table Post 1928 shows a Brazil still colonial.

The Antropófogo Manifesto, who coined several famous phrases like: “Tupi or not Tupi that is the question” (Tupi is Brazilian indians), “If God is the consciousness of the Uncreated Universe, Guaraci is the mother of the living. Jaci is the mother of vegetables “among others and who also had the brothers Oswald and Mario de Andrade, who wrote Paulicéia Desvairada (1922) and Macunaíma (1928) (a screenplay).

There are many analysts who take off this week of Brazilian culture, we will return to Inconfides Miners (moviment to Brazilian´s libertation), Thomas Antonio Gonzaga and Claudio Manuel da Costa.



(Português) Retornando às raízes do Brasil

19 Apr

Sorry, this entry is only available in Brazilian Portuguese.


Brazil rediscovered Grandes Sertões: Veredas

18 Apr


The 1956 Brazil began to democratize, and the most important in the literatureGrandesSertoes is a new and innovative look at the interior of the country, 600 pages of Guimarães Rosa, as well as a linguistic experimentalism of early modernism (back to its in other post)
The book Grande Sertao: Veredas, has something of philosophy and mystery it comes to “announce” the death itself, speaks of the symbolic river crossing and the hinterland of Riobaldo, a curious and inexplicable love for Diadorim, which mingles beauty and fear, there is a being and non-being, the truth of living a lie, there seems to be a covenant between language and poetry.

A former roughneck is the narrator character of the book, here longer a novelty because it leaves the character speaking, Riobaldo known by nicknames Tatarana or Urutu White, and he will talking about an oral speech on popular things, such as:
– The devil exist or not … and will say (…) Well, the devil regulates its black state in the creatures, in women, in men, even the children – I say. (…) And the uses, the plants, the waters, the earth, the wind … manures … The devil in the street, in the middle of redemunho … (Rose, 2001, p. 26).

– Will doing a story about good people as well: “You think and do not think. Everything is and is not … Almost any more serious criminal fierce, it is always very good husband, good son, good father, good friend-of-your-friends! I know these. But it has the later – and God together. I saw a lot of clouds “(Rose, 2001, p. 27).

– But see little distance at all: “So that needs to choose: either we get weaves to live in common scoundrel, or take care of one religion only. I could be: priest priest, if not head of gunmen; for other things I was not given birth. “(Rose, 2001, p. 31).

– Shows the paradoxes between good and evil: “Want good too hard, uncertain way, may already be wondering if evil, why begin. These men! All drew the world to himself, to fix repair. But each one sees and understands things dum his way. “(Rose, 2001, p. 33).

– Their friendship and relationship with Diadorim: “Diadorim and I, both of us. We gave passeios.Com so we differed from others – because roughneck is not much of continued conversation nor close friendships:. Well they mix and desmisturam of chance, but each one is done for himself “( rose, 2001, p. 45)

Cross the river, being and non-being and always be in a selfless love, April 18, 2016.