Arquivo para March, 2017

Philosophy, dead and Lazarus

31 Mar

Do not confuse the hateful war and an immense philosophy that leads to hate, MorteRessurreiçãoviolence and irrational war, with death that is an inevitable fact of life.
From Socrates, through Plato (428-347 b.C.) to Heidegger (1889-1976) philosophy is full of theories and thoughts about death, not only frightened but also frees.
In biblical readings, in addition to the iconic Easter, for the Jews the passage to the promised land and for Christians the death and Resurrection of Jesus, this theme is also strong.
But perhaps little understood, and equally important is the dialogue about the death of Lazarus, who even before Jesus came to life, and we find in John (11,4) hearing that Lazarus was sick and died, proclaimed: “Hearing this, Jesus said, “This disease does not lead to death; It serves the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified by it”, glorifying with death seemed absurd.
In fact, death and the cross, a scandal for the Gentiles (those who do not believe) was the pride of Christians, who at the beginning of Christianity were sent to sacrifice and were singing.
In Socrates’ philosophy he defined it as “preparation for death,” while Schopenhauer (1788-1860), one of the first German thinkers of the 19th century to question modernity, goes so far as to say that “death is the muse of philosophy “.
The great philosopher of the ontology of our time, Heidegger states that man is mediated by his past and his Being is a “being that walks to death, but its relation to the world is often ruled by worry, anguish, knowledge and complex Of guilt.
The sense of his philosophy, however, is a leap, we can say a springboard, where, escaping from the everyday condition, we can reach our true “being,” and it is this sense that the modes and ways of enunciation become an expression of our ” I “while Being in relation to others.
Must try to “jump”, fleeing from his daily condition to reach his true “I”. The panorama of his theory is that of the sense of “being”: the ways and the ways of enunciation and expression of being.
Montaigne, said in his Essays: “Now this death which some call the most horrible of horrible things, who does not know that others call it the only port against the torments of this life? The sovereign good of nature? The sole mainstay of our freedom? And a common and immediate prescription against all evils? “At last, it is freer and more free to live well the death of what has passed and the resurrection of our Being that goes beyond.
In the Bible passage of John (Jn 13:23) in the verse ahead Jesus exclaimed: “With a loud voice,” Lazarus, come forth! “And he left, we must abandon our bandages and go to life, to The Being, and live worthily.


The State of Kant to Hegel

30 Mar

There are several interpreters who point out the fact that Rousseau intended to write GuerraPaza work on “Political Institutions”, for example, in the author’s own work entitled Confissiones, which incurs the same error, we have already pointed out, to understand as natural what is cultural fact, Ideological and political.

For it was in this way that a society marked by division and violence promoted in a special way by the state, natural means the coercive restraint of civil peace by the state, according to rules and laws, established primarily in what Montesquieu called the “Spirit of Laws,” or Either, nature would mean war, society would mean peace or, more precisely, security, which is not always the security of all.

There was a breach in Montesquieu’s view that he considered the virtual equalization of forces in which everyone felt equally threatened, Hobbes’s assumption, but did not indicate a more eminent tendency not to attack-that is, to avoid, And peace, not war, would be “the first natural law.”

This “paleolithic” passage from the state of nature to the “neolithic” state of the social state that impelled the impetus of selfish appropriation of natural goods, though called the social state, is nothing more than private appropriation of the public and vice versa, Because the private are only the masters of power themselves.

It is thus necessary to return to the beginnings of society and its formulation of the idea of the state, in Kant’s philosophy and his reflection on war and peace, his distinctive feature is how the system of ideas of his thought intrinsically attacked the binomial war And peace, to establish a point of view “of the objective conditions of establishing a state of peace among peoples, for him the place of necessity was occupied by war and not by peace.

This ideal “reality” was opposed by pious lamentations or exhortations of a moral order, such as the condemnation of war by Erasmus, where his anthropological-political horizon has the question of Peace as an imperative, but “must” stand for modern ideal reason.

Denying medieval metaphysics, his “project of perpetual metaphysical peace” in the critique of pure reason, is nothing but the limits of reason itself in the so-called “doctrine of law, a cosmopolitan project of universal peace, which will be what is known as” Peace Perpetua “, that two world wars proved ineffective.

Thus one can read the concept of nature hidden in Kant: “The history of the human species as a whole can be considered as the realization of a hidden plan of nature in establishing a perfect political constitution inwardly, and for this purpose  “Also outwardly perfect, as the only state in which nature can fully develop in mankind all its dispositions. “(Kant, 2003, p.17)

The 1795 pamphlet “For Perpetual Peace. A philosophical project “one can have an articulated vision of Kant’s ideals about this, but it will be in Hegel that this project will be finished.


The not so natural man

29 Mar

Modern philosophy, from Hobbes to Hegel, then the crisis settles, failed to define what Leviathan_by_Thomas_Hobbeswould indeed be natural, and we ask the natural is the man at war? Or in peace? If we can put aside what is in fact natural and nature.

Let us begin with Hobbes, “If there were no corruption and vice of degenerate men, there would be no need for other laws, nor the need to form separate societies based on positive contracts instead of a great and natural community.” (Locke, 1978, p. 5), seems current and it is because the state idealized by Hobbes and deified by Hegel is what was implanted.

For Hobbes the State of Nature is the State of War itself against all, in fact of the state against the citizen, but this is not clear, he emphasizes that before the threat of violent death, life is characterized as: “sordid , Poor, brutish and short, “in the terms he expounded in chapter XIII of Leviathan, his principal work.

War is then a permanent sensation of fear that implies the constant preoccupation with self-protection, very current, and is of 1651 (in the photo the original cover).

John Locke goes on to establish as one of the great precursors of liberalism that men are equal and free, and that within the limits of the law of nature can decide, in a contract established with others, what actions can be practiced in the relationship with The others, it can be said that he is not in a state of war, but he must establish rules so that the “natural” limits are respected.

Since man cannot destroy the gifts of nature, he must, for the sake of his “unlimited” freedom, justify his attitude toward preserving humanity, said in his pamphlet Two Treatises on Government (II, § 6).

Each one is obliged to preserve himself, and not to abandon his position of his own accord; For the same reason, when their own preservation is not at stake, each should, as far as he can, preserve the rest of mankind, and can not, unless it is to do ju-stice to an offender, to take away or harm life Or what favors the preservation of the life, liberty, integrity or assets of others.” (LOCKE, 1998, p.385).

Finally comes Jean Jacques Rousseau who defends the “good savage”, that is, man is good by nature society corrupts him, said this way:

Men in this state [of nature], having no kind of moral relation or known duties to each other, could neither be good nor bad, and had neither vices nor virtues. Let us not, above all, conclude with Hobbes that, having no idea of ​​goodness, man is naturally evil; … “(ROUSSEAU, 1978, p.158).

Later this will become modern idolatry of the state in Hegel, but it is necessary to return to this “ideal” state from Kant to make a course of thought.

(pages in brazilian edition)

HOBBES, T. Leviathan, Collection Os pensadores, São Paulo: Abril Cultural, 1978. LOCKE, John. Two agreements about the government. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1998. ROUSEAU, J.J. Discourse on the origin and foundations of inequality among men, Collection Os Pensadores, São Paulo: Abril Cultural, 1978.


Contraceptive Billings 2.0

28 Mar

Our grandparents and the parents of the elders used the method basedtabelinha on control of the fertility cycle, popularly called the “board table” but the right name is Billings.

Now thanks to technology that combines very simple applications to be used in smartphones and intelligent algorithms that, with correctly fed data, can make a contraceptive control quite efficient, the method is already approved by authorities, for example, by the German Ministry of Health, But already widely used throughout Europe.

The application is called Natural Cycles, which is certified, as there are others, and has versions for Androids and iPhones.

The algorithm is much safer than the old table, because through intelligent algorithms and according to the menstrual period, they respect the fact that women’s cycles are different and few have a chance to get pregnant, they also use the principle, which strictly , Only in six days of the month is it possible for the woman to become pregnant. The algorithm and the application have also solved 20% of the cases in which women want to become pregnant, since it allows greater autonomy, knowledge and control of the women’s own body, besides not having any of the side effects of contraceptives.

To download the Natural Cycles app go to Google Play or the Apple Store, or click here.


First Impressions Moto G5

27 Mar

On March 7, Motorola officially launched its new Moto G5 and Moto G5 Plus models MotoG5in an event held in São Paulo Brazil,  yesterday morning, the advertising spoke of design, performance and memory, but we must wait to see the reality;
The old Moto G models have always been competitive in price, and in cost x quality they ended up beating the competitors to the Brazilian’s pocket, now starting by packing the model from the charger to the headset the first impression is very good.

Although the announcement is about the “aluminum finish”, the Moto G5 is almost all plastic body; it is possible to notice a small metal plate on the back, removable to give access to the battery compartments, SIM chips and the slot storage.

Among the optional colors: platinum, blue (safira) and black, stands out the novelty of the gold.
The Moto G5 has also decreased in size, now 144.3 in height by 73 mm in width, and 9.5 mm in thickness, which means that the new model is finer in the new models, and is lighter with only 145 grams.

But the big surprise is the technical features: 5-inch IPS LCD screen with Full HD resolution (1080×1920 pixels), giving a density of 441 ppi, with Wi-Fi 802.11 a / b / g / n, Bluetooth 4.2 with LE / A2DP and GPS / A-GPS / Glonass / Beidu for location.

With the Qualcomm Snapdragon 430 chipset with eight cores and maximum clock rate at 1.4 GHz, Adreno 505 GPU, 2 GB of RAM and 32 GB of internal storage space, which can be expanded via microSD card up to 128 GB, comes to Market competition.

The price is rotating around 900 to 1,000 reals (around U$ 300) for the common model, while the plus is around 1500 reais (around U$ 650).



Vision and Blindness

25 Mar

Vision of the world implies a set of sensations, including those that the cultural aspectClassical spectacle on eye chart adds, that is, we think we see, but our vision is conditioned by tradition, and it is the dialogue with the tradition that allows us to take the veil from what we think we see, An unveiling.

This was treated in philosophy since Socrates and Plato, the so-called cave myth, that is, what we see are shadows inside a cave we must go out into the light to see what really the world, until we reach the contemporary philosopher Heidegger, the Weltanschauung (German term meaning a worldview or cosmoview, where a cognitive orientation is fundamental so that an individual or an entire society can actually see.

In our daily life, this orientation encompasses both natural philosophy, with its fundamental, existential, normative values, its postulates or themes, its emotions and, in a special, ethical way.

What happens then to a person who is blind from birth? One of the miracles attributed to Jesus is that he healed a blind man from birth (Jo 1,6-9), which means that the cognitive system is not prepared to see, so it is indeed a very great miracle.

It is the miracle that the contemporary world needs, immersed in an illuminist and idealistic culture, where individualism and consumerism are byproducts because they are consequences, making people see once they are blind from birth, it means a “miracle”.

But what is the miracle possible to happen, is the fact that there is the “discomfort” of modernity, what bad interpreters call liquid, in fact it is a world in process of change, because what is there is uncomfortable and in a certain way inhuman.

It takes a new Weltanschauung, a new worldview, including ALL peoples.


Civilization night

24 Mar

In theory a lot of theoretical and even human development has already NoiteHumanidadebeen done, but even so, mankind has patinated in various fields: cultural, moral and even religious; Of course I speak of an ontological discourse in the three areas and not the Enlightenment discourse.
There is a cultural night of humanity, even the most optimistic also know this because culture has become vulgarized, little reading and overly ideologized interpretations create a barrier between true cultural, which includes the popular if not mere elitism, and common sense.
I have seen curious compliments to Bertrand Russell recently, one who in his own autobiography describes himself to a liberal, a socialist and pacifist, with no deep conviction in any of them, but loose sentences, coupled with the fact that he spoke against the Vietnam War and helped To intervene in missile crises in Cuba, otherwise it is a formal logicism and nothing more.
In the moral field what to say, this is not Brazil where this crisis has reached deeper proportions, but we see that the world scenario is not so different, see for example the South Korean prime minister who has turned away for crimes that In Brazil they would be small, and according to two former presidents, one on each side to be fair, are “relative.”
And there are still decent people out in defense of these, so stealing is no longer a sin.
But the religious night, or confusion between those who believe in God, may be for those who are religious the most difficult and the most disastrous, as the prophet Ezekiel said (Jer 7: 24-25):
“But they did not listen and did not pay attention; On the contrary, following the evil inclinations of the heart, they have walked backward and not forward from the day that their fathers went out of Egypt to this day. “Of course he spoke of his time, but the reading is current and To the present day, because the gospel message is also diverted to political or ideological goals.
In the time of Lent, few are on the way to a conversion, feel ready and fully convinced of the divine reality, that no matter how much we know it, it projects itself to the infinite and carrying to a true believer, it should know of its ignorance and little faith .
Three nights that are confused and intertwined, only among the humble people I see light, because it is precisely because they are divided around what should unite and unite around the division, for this was given the sentence: “Every kingdom divided against He himself shall be destroyed; And one house shall fall on top of the other. “(Luke 11: 2)


IoT and upcoming future prospects

23 Mar

The IoT seen as a paradigm of a changing society may change, among many other IoTenthings, cultural libraries and equipment allowing greater interaction with users and providing new services, some of which may come from applications in the clouds.
Most of the objects that surround us today will be in the network in one way or another, so that you can have complete information about each one of them, it will be necessary to use repository in clouds, information sharing and data reliability.
Among the technologies for identifying objects are radio frequency identification (RFID) and sensor networks that will grow to meet this new challenge, what will be the new information and communication systems that will be present, although invisible to the user, Which will have an environment around us.
This will result in the generation of huge amounts of data that must be collected, stored, processed and presented transparently, efficiently and with intuitive interpretation by the users, ie simplicity and efficiency summarizing.
This means that model will consist of these services will become commodities as products and should be delivered in a similar way to traditional commodities.
Cloud computing should provide the virtual infrastructure for such utilitarian computing that integrates monitoring devices, storage devices and should behave both analysis tools whose foundations are found in Information Science, as visualization and delivery platforms to the customers, whose foundations are Both in Information Architecture and in Information design, this being to express beauty and help in the intuitive environment.
The model needs to consider the cost that Cloud computing offers, that is, the service must be end-user accessible to users and businesses to access on-demand applications from anywhere without the user’s chatting.
Intelligent connectivity with existing networks and computing able to use context to handle network resources will be an indispensable part of IoT.
An internet that in addition to current applications including sensors and actuators connecting the physical world should emerge consolidating IoT.
IoT’s progress is only beginning, but the period of mistrust has passed.


Art that reeducates the look

22 Mar

Whenever we look at certain scenes and public places we see something beyondCowParade the real, it is our imaginations that recall our memory and our fantasy about that place, it was easier to do this in the old days because there was a little poetry and art in the air, and now?

Well the digital world, demonized by some and still misunderstood by many analysts, everything takes a time of maturation, already has several facilities and news.

This is the case of the artist and photographer Gerson Turelly, whose design Gordinhasand OlharNovodigital manipulation were made in Israel, but most of the sights with virtual

imagination are from Brazil.

His project has the name of “Looks New” and as he says the goal is “to create a playful connection with the baggage of memories of each individual in relation to the spaces and sights of his city.”

You can follow the creative work on the artist’s website, where you will get more information about this project, such as the process you use in composing your creations.

It is in my opinion a reinvention of works that we already know as the “chubby” of Salvador, works by the plastic artist Eliana Kértsz, where the variations are arms, legs, cheeks full of curves and volume.

Also called the “Cow Parade”, or “cow parade”, which ran the world, but in each city allowed its visual communication with the space, for example in several tourist points of Belém the cows made of fiberglass that were Customized by selected regional artists, and had Fafá de Belém (she is brazilian singer) as godmother.

The interactive and participative enter into the imaginary of contemporary art, and it is Art.


(Português) Utilitarismo e logicismo

21 Mar

Sorry, this entry is only available in Brazilian Portuguese.