Arquivo para April 11th, 2017

The actual consciousness and the question of experience

11 Apr

The actual consciousness is the recognition that it is structured in the form ConscienciaefeitualEn of experience in Gadamer, but it is necessary to understand the hermeneutic experience, especially since it is a concept of difficult understanding, because the overvaluation of scientific knowledge, notably in the nineteenth century, Led to a distortion of its real value.

In the scientific point of view, experience is all that can be repeated by whoever wishes at any time, that is, it is fundamentally linked to an objectifying “path” of knowledge, sometimes called practice, but which practice? . Gadamer was to revisit just what various philosophical nuances understand by scientific truth and method, it is not a conclusion just a “unveiling.”

For Francis Bacon, all knowledge should come from experience. It was in this way somewhat unpretentious to face the experience that later came to a valid generalization until it was opposed, proposing the interpretatio natura, a way of “gradual access to true and sustainable generalities” and that later it was systematized and became “method “By Hume, considered the father (perhaps the grandfather) of empiricism, so through the observation of nature, the inductive method allows access to the general, raised to this category after the rational organization of the data obtained and the proof of the hypotheses, but Empiricism has also generated contradictions.

Husserl attempted to get rid of this experience bias of the linkage with the science of all experimentation, claiming that it occurs in the world of life, therefore, it predates its idealization. Here in the sense of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, which tried to reconcile rationalism and empiricism. As we know, inspired by Descartes, the phenomenon was something that showed “repudiation by the empirical sciences”, which denotes the lack of appreciation for the experiences trying to make all interpretation by “reason”. If only that which is evident in consciousness can be true, surely the senses lead to deception. However, Husserl remained attached to what he wanted to free himself, but Heidegger and Gadamer took the necessary steps.

Gadamer objected to the objection of simplifying the process of producing experience by focusing on its relation to science and to the formation of concepts. The process of experience truly takes place on its negative side, that is, it deconstructs generalities and typicities, does not correspond to expectations, as it affirms in Truth and Method “the negativity of experience has, therefore, a particular productive meaning. It is not simply a deception that becomes visible and, consequently, a correction, but what is acquired is a comprehensive knowledge. “

The negative sense of experience and the constant openness to new possibilities lead to the dialectic, a question which Hegel elaborated, for which experience is a manifestation of skepticism, but an experience is rewritten according to the maxim of Heraclitus of Ephesus: “you can not pass The same river twice, the waters run over you.”