Arquivo para April 20th, 2017

The reconstruction of knowledge

20 Apr

We have already cited Edgar Morin’s book “Well-Faced Head” and now weMotherSon detail some aspects that will help build education for the future:
“Uniting thought will replace linear and unidirectional causality with a multireferential and circle causality; Will correct the rigidity of classical logic by the dialogue capable of conceiving notions at once complementary and antagonistic, and will complete the knowledge of the integration of the parts into a whole by the recognition of the integration of the whole within the parts. “(Morin, p. 93)

For an education that is able to focus on integrating bits of knowledge into a set of meaningful knowledge for a well-headed head should link: “the explanation to understanding, in all human phenomena. Let us repeat here the difference between explanation and understanding. “(Page 93)
But what it is to explain: “is to consider the object of knowledge only as an object and to apply to it all objective means of elucidation. So there is an explanatory knowledge that is objective, that is, that it considers the objects from which it is necessary to determine the forms, the qualities, the quantities,
And whose behavior we know from mechanical and deterministic causality. “(Idem)

It does not mean abandoning the objective explanation, usually linked to phenomena of nature: “Explanation, of course, is necessary for intellectual or objective understanding. But it is insufficient for human understanding “(idem)

Human knowledge requires the exchange of meaning between subjects, rejecting the idea of ​​a single meaning: “of meanings between subjects. “From there, understanding involves a process of identification and projection from subject to subject” (p.93), the so-called intersubjectivity.

But this requires two efforts in opposite directions, first it is necessary for “understanding to be always intersubjective, it needs openness and generosity” (page 93), while on the other hand to combat superficiality and ignorance, that is, “we need, To be intellectually re-armed, to begin to think complexity, to face the challenges of the agony / birth of our millennia, and to try to think about the problems of humanity in the planetary age “(104), those who think they have solutions ready or already know Of everything will be out of this time and this new thought.

Edgar. A well-made head: rethinking reform, reforming thinking. Translation by Eloá Jacobina. 9. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brasil, 2004