Arquivo para July 19th, 2017

The politics of Aristotle

19 Jul

 In contrast to Plato, which formation should be the man of the Republic, PolisGreekthe whole of Aristotle’s work goes beyond politics, or sees it in a broader sense, for it deals with what human affairs develop within the space of a city (the polis).

Among these subjects, Politics was probably classes given to his students in the Lyceum and recorded by them, it is also possible that they are reflections of the period in which he was preceptor of Alexander of Macedon, and his father Nicomaco (to whom he wrote an ethic) was Doctor of the father of Alexander, Felipe II.

Aristotle examines the Greek cities themselves, analyzes them and sees which constitutions were good, and which favored Eudaimonia (the ‘good’ and the ‘daimon’), sometimes translated as ‘the common good’ However, this category is more modern, and along with these concepts of its political philosophy, three are equally important: the areté (generally translated as “virtue” or “excellence”) and “phronesis” (often translated “wisdom Practice “), and the ethics that define how this good genius is achieved.

It is therefore advisable to read the policy together with “Nicomoco Ethics,” so that the concepts are confused, and improperly upgraded into a-temporal categories.
In books I to III of Politics, we have the introduction to the subject, books IV, V and VI are about political practice, the nature of various constitutions and their principles, in books VII and VIII how citizens’ lives develop and how Education is important for achieving the city’s goals