Arquivo para July 21st, 2017

Our original ethics and morals

21 Jul

Contemporary ethics underwent transformations, but its origin is in the classical period joio e trigoEnas much of Plato as Aristotle developed it, we emphasize that it is important analysis the Plato’s Republic as well as Aristotle’s Politics considering the ethics of being, that is, ethics Ontological and from it the politics as promoter of justice.
Aristotle wrote in Book V of his Nicomachean Ethics: “With a view to justice and injustice, we must inquire what are the kinds of actions with which they relate, what kind of middle ground is justice, and between what ends the just act Is the middle ground …. ” (Aristotle, 2001, p.9)
Aristotle clarifies that justice and injustice may be ambiguous terms because of the proximity of terms, but as “ambiguity is not noticed, whereas in the case of very different things designated by a common expression, ambiguity is comparatively obvious …” (Aristotle, 2001, 91.
The fact that several authors treat as ambivalence and little realize that there is also an ambiguity means that they perceive the problem of values ​​while not perceiving the different application of them, Aristotle stated: “the term ‘unjust’ applies both to people who infringe upon Law as ambitious people (in the sense that they want more than what they are entitled to) and wicked, in such a way that law-abiding and righteous people will be just. The righteous, then, is that which is lawful and right, the unjust is the unlawful and unjust “(Aristotle, 2001, 91-92).
So in Aristotle, unlike for modern man, the unlawful and unjust, the ethical and moral approaches, then there is no ambiguity or ambivalence about what they do.
In Modernity as Ethics is established by a state ethic, the contract established from Hobbes’s Leviathan to Rousseau’s Social Contract what was established was a social form for what is legal, confining in private and personal what would be the Iniquitously, curiously and wisely the Holy Bible will always refer to the wicked one, whose person attitudes are neither ethical nor moral.
The parable of the Tares and Wheat, the tares are those born in the midst of wheat but do not produce the grains of wheat, and can only be separated after harvest, so is iniquity, are individual grains of injustice and unethical , Regardless of the laws of the state and contracts that are fair or not, will grow and live together in society, but produce different harvests.
This is not a purely moralistic or fundamentalist interpretation, which is ethical, produces fruits of equity, which are the individual grains, how these grains are people, can exercise their free will to produce useful grains of wheat.

ARISTÓTELES, Ética a Nicômaco. Tradução do grego, introdução e notas Mário de Gama Kury, 4ª. ed. Brasilia: Editora Universidade de Brasilia, 2001.