The Web 4.0 emerges?

31 Oct

The initial impulse of Tim Berners-Lee to create in the mid-90´s aoutro protocol on the Internet (Web and Internet are different) was to spread more quickly scientific information, then we can say it was a Web-centered information.
The Web quickly became popular, then the growth of concern for the Semantic Web has Berners-Lee, James Hendler and Ora Lassila published the inaugural paper emantic Web: new form of Web content that is meaningful to computers will unleash a revolution of new possibilities further development there was designed as knowledge representation, ontologies, intelligent agents and finally an “evolution of knowledge.”
Web 2.0 had the initial feature interactivity (O’Reilly, 2005) where users become more free to interact in web pages and can tag, comment and share documents found online.
The article pointed the way of ontologies as a way “natural” for the development and add meaning to information in the Semantic Web, with methodologies from the Artificial Intelligence, which in the eyes of James Hendler (Web 3.0) went through a “winter” creative.
But three integrated tools just indicating a new path: ontologies helped build simple organization called knowledge schemes (SKOS – Simple Organization of Knowledge System), a database for consultation, with a language called SPARQL and what was already basic Semantic Web, which was the RDF (Resource description Framework) in its simple descriptive language: XML.
The first major project was the DBpedia, a database proposed by the Free University of Berlin and the University of Leipzig in collaboration with OpenLink Software project in 2007, which was structured around the Wikipedia, using 3.4 billion of concepts to form 2:46 RDF triples (resource, property and value) or more simply subject-predicate-object, indicating a semantic relationship.
There are several types of Intelligent Agents in development, little or no use “intelligence” of Web 3.0, there will be in the future new developments? We pointed out in a recent article Semantic Scholar Tool Paul Allen Foundation, but also the connection to the Web 3.0 (projects related to linked data) is not clear.
2016 definitely has not been the year of the Smart Web, or if you want the Web 4.0, but we are approaching, personal assistants (Siri, Cortana, the “M” of Facebook), home automation (Apple Homekit, Nest), recognition image and driverless cars are right there around the corner.
Home automation is the home smart features, this field AI grows fast.



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